Cracking the AP Biology Exam

1 Orientation

2 The Chemistry of Life

  ELEMENTS

  THE ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF LIFE

  SUBATOMIC PARTICLES

  COMPOUNDS

  WATER: THE VERSATILE MOLECULE

  THE ACID TEST

  ORGANIC MOLECULES

    CARBOHYDRATES

    PROTEINS

    LIPIDS

    NUCLEIC ACIDS

  THE HETEROTROPH HYPOTHESIS

  QUIZ

3 Cells

  LIVING THINGS

  WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF CELLS?

    ORGANELLES

    PLANT CELLS VERSUS ANIMAL CELLS

    CELL JUNCTIONS

  QUIZ

4 Cellular Energetics

  BIOENERGETICS

  ENZYMES

  TYPES OF REACTIONS

  ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE (ATP)

  AEROBIC RESPIRATION

  CHEMIOSMOSIS

  ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION

  QUIZ

5 Photosynthesis

  THE ANATOMY OF A LEAF

  A CLOSER LOOK AT PHOTOSYNTHESIS

  QUIZ

6 Molecular Genetics

  DNA: THE BLUEPRINT OF LIFE

  THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF DNA

  WHY DNA IS IMPORTANT

  DNA REPLICATION

  RNA

  PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

  MUTATIONS

  RECOMBINANT DNA

  BIOTECHNOLOGY

  QUIZ

7 Cell Reproduction

  CELL DIVISION

  THE CELL CYCLE

  MITOSIS: THE DANCE OF THE CHROMOSOMES

  HAPLOIDS VERSUS DIPLOIDS

  AN OVERVIEW OF MEIOSIS

  A CLOSER LOOK AT MEIOSIS

  QUIZ

8 Heredity

  GREGOR MENDEL: THE FATHER OF GENETICS

  MENDELIAN GENETICS

  BEYOND MENDELIAN GENETICS

  SEX-LINKED TRAITS

  QUIZ

9 Diversity of Organisms

  TAXONOMY

  HOW CLASSIFICATION WORKS

  I. KINGDOM ARCHAEBACTERIA

  II. KINGDOM EUBACTERIA

  III. KINGDOM PROTISTA

  IV. KINGDOM FUNGI

  V. KINGDOM PLANTAE

  VI. KINGDOM ANIMALIA

  VIRUSES

  QUIZ

10 Plants

  PLANT CLASSIFICATION

  LIFE CYCLE OF PLANTS

  PLANT GROWTH

  SPECIAL STRUCTURES IN PLANTS

  TROPICAL TROPISMS

  QUIZ

11 Animal Structure and Function

  I. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

  II. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

  III. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

  IV. THE LYMPHATIC AND IMMUNE SYSTEM

  V. THE EXCRETORY SYSTEM

  VI. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM

  VII. THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

  VIII. THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

  IX. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM AND EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT

12 Evolution

  NATURAL SELECTION

  GENETIC VARIABILITY

  CAUSES OF EVOLUTION

  SPECIES

  POPULATION GENETICS

  QUIZ

13 Animal Behavior and Ecology

  BEHAVIOR

  INSTINCTS

  ECOLOGY

  POPULATION ECOLOGY

  HUMAN IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT

  QUIZ

14 The Free-Response Questions

  THE ESSAYS

  GRADING CHECKLIST

  SAMPLE ESSAYS

  HOW TO USE OUR PRACTICE ESSAYS

  SAMPLE ESSAY QUESTIONS

15 Laboratory

  LAB 1: DIFFUSION AND OSMOSIS

  LAB 2: ENZYME CATALYSIS

  LAB 3: MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS

  LAB 4: PLANT PIGMENTS AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS

  LAB 5: CELL RESPIRATION

  LAB 6: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

  LAB 7: GENETICS OF ORGANISMS

  LAB 8: POPULATION GENETICS AND EVOLUTION

  LAB 9: TRANSPIRATION

  LAB 10: PHYSIOLOGY AND THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

  LAB 11: ANIMAL BEHAVIOR

  LAB 12: DISSOLVED OXYGEN AND AQUATIC PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY

16 Answers and Explanations to the Chapter Quizzes

17 The Princeton Review AP Biology Practice Test 1

18 Answers and Explanations to Practice Test 1

19 The Princeton Review AP Biology Practice Test 2

20 Answers and Explanations to Practice Test 2