MCAT Organic Chemistry Review

Nomenclature

  Introduction

  1.1 IUPAC Naming Conventions

  1.2 Hydrocarbons and Alcohols

  1.3 Aldehydes and Ketones

  1.4 Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives

  Conclusion

  Concept Summary

  Answers to Concept Checks

  Shared Concepts

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Isomers

  Introduction

  2.1 Structural Isomers

  2.2 Stereoisomers

  2.3 Relative and Absolute Configurations

  Conclusion

  Concept Summary

  Answers to Concept Checks

  Equations to Remember

  Shared Concepts

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Bonding

  Introduction

  3.1 Atomic Orbitals and Quantum Numbers

  3.2 Molecular Orbitals

  3.3 Hybridization

  Conclusion

  Concept Summary

  Answers to Concept Checks

  Shared Concepts

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Analyzing Organic Reactions

  Introduction

  4.1 Acids and Bases

  4.2 Nucleophiles, Electrophiles, and Leaving Groups

  4.3 Oxidation–Reduction Reactions

  4.4 Chemoselectivity

  4.5 Steps to Problem-Solving

  Conclusion

  Concept Summary

  Answers to Concept Checks

  Equations to Remember

  Shared Concepts

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Alcohols

  Introduction

  5.1 Description and Properties

  5.2 Reactions of Alcohols

  5.3 Reactions of Phenols

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Aldehydes and Ketones I: Electrophilicity and Oxidation—Reduction

  Introduction

  6.1 Description and Properties

  6.2 Nucleophilic Addition Reactions

  6.3 Oxidation–Reduction Reactions

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Aldehyde and Ketones II: Enolates

  Introduction

  7.1 General Principles

  7.2 Enolate Chemistry

  7.3 Aldol Condensation

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Carboxylic Acids

  Introduction

  8.1 Description and Properties

  8.2 Reactions of Carboxylic Acids

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

  Introduction

  9.1 Amides, Esters, and Anhydrides

  9.2 Reactivity Principles

  9.3 Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Reactions

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Nitrogen- and Phosphorus-Containing Compounds

  Introduction

  10.1 Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

  10.2 Synthesis of α-Amino Acids

  10.3 Phosphorus-Containing Compounds

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Spectroscopy

  Introduction

  11.1 Infrared Spectroscopy

  11.2 Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

  11.3 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations

Separations and Purifications

  Introduction

  12.1 Solubility-Based Methods

  12.2 Distillation

  12.3 Chromatography

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

  Answers and Explanations


  Periodic Table of the Elements