MCAT Biochemistry Review

Chapter 1: Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

  1.1 Amino Acids Found in Proteins

  1.2 Acid–Base Chemistry of Amino Acids

  1.3 Peptide Bond Formation and Hydrolysis

  1.4 Primary and Secondary Protein Structure

  1.5 Tertiary and Quaternary Protein Structure

  1.6 Denaturation

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 2: Enzymes

  2.1 Enzymes as Biological Catalysts

  2.2 Mechanisms of Enzyme Activity

  2.3 Enzyme Kinetics

  2.4 Effects of Local Conditions on Enzyme Activity

  2.5 Regulation of Enzyme Activity

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 3: Nonenzymatic Protein Function and Protein Analysis

  3.1 Cellular Functions

  3.2 Biosignaling

  3.3 Protein Isolation

  3.4 Protein Analysis

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 4: Carbohydrate Structure and Function

  4.1 Carbohydrate Classification

  4.2 Cyclic Sugar Molecules

  4.3 Monosaccharides

  4.4 Complex Carbohydrates

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 5: Lipid Structure and Function

  5.1 Structural Lipids

  5.2 Signaling Lipids

  5.3 Energy Storage

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 6: DNA and Biotechnology

  6.1 DNA Structure

  6.2 Eukaryotic Chromosome Organization

  6.3 DNA Replication

  6.4 DNA Repair

  6.5 Recombinant DNA and Biotechnology

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 7: RNA and the Genetic Code

  7.1 The Genetic Code

  7.2 Transcription

  7.3 Translation

  7.4 Control of Gene Expression in Prokaryotes

  7.5 Control of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 8: Biological Membranes

  8.1 Fluid Mosaic Model

  8.2 Membrane Components

  8.3 Membrane Transport

  8.4 Specialized Membranes

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 9: Carbohydrate Metabolism I: Glycolysis, Glycogen, Gluconeogenesis, and the Pentose Phosphate Pathway

  9.1 Glucose Transport

  9.2 Glycolysis

  9.3 Other Monosaccharides

  9.4 Pyruvate Dehydrogenase

  9.5 Glycogenesis and Glycogenolysis

  9.6 Gluconeogenesis

  9.7 The Pentose Phosphate Pathway

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 10: Carbohydrate Metabolism II: Aerobic Respiration

  10.1 Acetyl-CoA

  10.2 Reactions of the Citric Acid Cycle

  10.3 The Electron Transport Chain

  10.4 Oxidative Phosphorylation

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 11: Lipid and Amino Acid Metabolism

  11.1 Lipid Digestion and Absorption

  11.2 Lipid Mobilization

  11.3 Lipid Transport

  11.4 Cholesterol Metabolism

  11.5 Fatty Acids and Triacylglycerols

  11.6 Ketone Bodies

  11.7 Protein Catabolism

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions

Chapter 12: Bioenergetics and Regulation of Metabolism

  12.1 Thermodynamics and Bioenergetics

  12.2 The Role of ATP

  12.3 Biological Oxidation and Reduction

  12.4 Metabolic States

  12.5 Hormonal Regulation of Metabolism

  12.6 Tissue-Specific Metabolism

  12.7 Integrative Metabolism

  Conclusion

  Practice Questions


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  Glossary