SAT Subject Test Chemistry

PART 2

REVIEW OF MAJOR TOPICS

CHAPTER 11

Acids, Bases, and Salts

Chapter Summary

The following terms summarize all the concepts and ideas that were introduced in this chapter. You should be able to explain their meaning and how you would use them in chemistry. They appear in boldface type in this chapter to draw your attention to them. The boldface type also makes it easier for you to look them up if you need to. You could also use the search or “Google” action on your computer to get a quick and expanded explanation of these terms, laws, and formulas.

acid

conjugate base

neutralization

amphoteric

end point

pH

base

equivalence point

salt

buffer solution

indicator

titration

conjugate acid

litmus

volumetric analysis

Arrhenius Theory

Brønsted-Lowry Theory

Lewis Theory

Internet Resources

Online content that reinforces major concepts discussed in this chapter can be found at the following Internet addresses if they are still available. Some may have been changed or deleted.

Acids and Bases

http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch11/acidbase.php

This site summarizes the important ways in which acids and bases can be defined.

The role of water is also described in the acid/base process.

Titration Experiments and More

http://chemistry.about.com/od/workedchemistryproblems/a/titrationexampl.htm

This site has a step-by-step explanation about how to solve a titration problem. It also has links to other informative sites.

Acid Rain

http://www.epa.gov/acidrain/index.html

This Environmental Protection Agency site offers a wealth of information concerning the major environmental problem called acid rain.