SAT Subject Test Chemistry

PART 2

REVIEW OF MAJOR TOPICS

CHAPTER 14

Carbon and Organic Chemistry

Chapter Summary

The following terms summarize all the concepts and ideas that were introduced in this chapter. You should be able to explain their meaning and how you would use them in chemistry. They appear in boldface type in this chapter to draw your attention to them. The boldface type also makes it easier for you to look them up if you need to. You could also use the search or “Google” action on your computer to get a quick and expanded explanation of these terms, laws, and formulas.

alcohol

aromatics

isomer

aldehyde

diamond

ketone

alkane

ester

ortho-, meta-, para positions

alkene

ether

photosynthesis

alkyl groups

fullerene

saturated hydrocarbon

alkyne

functional groups

unsaturated hydrocarbon

amine

hydrocarbon

 

amino acid

   

Internet Resources

Online content that reinforces major concepts discussed in this chapter can be found at the following Internet addresses if they are still available. Some may have been changed or deleted.

The Chemistry of Carbon

http://www.nyu.edu/pages/mathmol/modules/carbon/carbon1.html

This site offers an interesting tutorial on the chemistry of carbon.

Organic Nomenclature

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IUPAC_nomenclature_of_organic_chemistry#Halogens_.28Alkyl_halides.29

This website offers a tutorial on naming organic compounds.