SAT Subject Test Chemistry

PART 2

REVIEW OF MAJOR TOPICS

CHAPTER 7

Liquids, Solids, and Phase Changes

CRITICAL TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE

There are conditions for particular substances when it is impossible for the liquid or gaseous phase to exist. Since the kinetic energy of a molecular system is directly proportional to the Kelvin temperature, it is logical to assume that there is a temperature at which the kinetic energy of the molecules is so great that the attractive forces between molecules are insufficient for the liquid phase to remain. The temperature above which the liquid phase of a substance cannot exist is called its critical temperature. Above its critical temperature, no gas can be liquefied regardless of the pressure applied. The minimum pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature is called its critical pressure.