SAT Subject Test Chemistry

Part I Orientation

Introduction: About the Test

Part 1 A DIAGNOSTIC TEST

PART 2 REVIEW OF MAJOR TOPICS

CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Chemistry

MATTER

ENERGY

CONSERVATION OF MASS AND ENERGY

SCIENTIFIC METHOD

MEASUREMENTS AND CALCULATIONS

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 2 Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table of the Elements

ELECTRIC NATURE OF ATOMS

ATOMIC SPECTRA

THE WAVE-MECHANICAL MODEL

SUBLEVELS AND ELECTRON CONFIGURATION

TRANSITION ELEMENTS

PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS

PROPERTIES RELATED TO THE PERIODIC TABLE

NUCLEAR TRANSFORMATIONS AND STABILITY

THE NATURE OF RADIOACTIVE EMISSIONS

METHODS OF DETECTION OF ALPHA, BETA, AND GAMMA RAYS

DECAY SERIES, TRANSMUTATIONS, AND HALF-LIFE

RADIOACTIVE DATING

NUCLEAR REACTIONS

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 3 Bonding

TYPES OF BONDS

INTERMOLECULAR FORCES OF ATTRACTION

DOUBLE AND TRIPLE BONDS

RESONANCE STRUCTURES

MOLECULAR GEOMETRY—VSEPR— AND HYBRIDIZATION

SIGMA AND PI BONDS

PROPERTIES OF IONIC SUBSTANCES

PROPERTIES OF MOLECULAR CRYSTALS AND LIQUIDS

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 4 Chemical Formulas

NAMING AND WRITING CHEMICAL FORMULAS

OXIDATION STATES AND FORMULA WRITING

NAMES AND FORMULAS OF COMMON ACIDS AND BASES

CHEMICAL FORMULAS: THEIR MEANING AND USE

LAWS OF DEFINITE COMPOSITION AND MULTIPLE PROPORTIONS

WRITING AND BALANCING SIMPLE EQUATIONS

SHOWING PHASES IN CHEMICAL EQUATIONS

WRITING IONIC EQUATIONS

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 5 Gases and the Gas Laws

SOME REPRESENTATIVE GASES

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GASES

GAS LAWS AND RELATED PROBLEMS

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 6 Stoichiometry (Chemical Calculations) and the Mole Concept

THE MOLE CONCEPT

MOLAR MASS AND MOLES

MOLE RELATIONSHIPS

GAS VOLUMES AND MOLAR MASS

DENSITY AND MOLAR MASS

MASS–VOLUME RELATIONSHIPS

MASS–MASS PROBLEMS

VOLUME–VOLUME PROBLEMS

PROBLEMS WITH AN EXCESS OF ONE REACTANT OR A LIMITING REACTANT

PERCENT YIELD OF A PRODUCT

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 7 Liquids, Solids, and Phase Changes

LIQUIDS

PHASE EQUILIBRIUM

BOILING POINT

CRITICAL TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE

SOLIDS

PHASE DIAGRAMS

WATER

POLARITY AND HYDROGEN BONDING

SOLUBILITY

WATER SOLUTIONS

CONTINUUM OF WATER MIXTURES

EXPRESSIONS OF CONCENTRATION

DILUTION

COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS

CRYSTALLIZATION

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 8 Chemical Reactions and Thermochemistry

PREDICTING REACTIONS

THERMOCHEMISTRY

CHANGES IN ENTHALPY

ADDITIVITY OF REACTION HEATS AND HESS’S LAW

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 9 Rates of Chemical Reactions

FACTORS AFFECTING REACTION RATES

ACTIVATION ENERGY

REACTION RATE LAW

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 10 Chemical Equilibrium

REVERSIBLE REACTIONS AND EQUILIBRIUM

LE CHÂTELIER’S PRINCIPLE

EFFECTS OF CHANGING CONDITIONS

EQUILIBRIA IN HETEROGENEOUS SYSTEMS

COMMON ION EFFECT

DRIVING FORCES OF REACTIONS

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 11 Acids, Bases, and Salts

DEFINITIONS AND PROPERTIES

INDICATORS

TITRATION—VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS

BUFFER SOLUTIONS

SALTS

AMPHOTERIC SUBSTANCES

ACID RAIN—AN ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 12 Oxidation-Reduction and Electrochemistry

OXIDATION-REDUCTION AND ELECTROCHEMISTRY

QUANTITATIVE ASPECTS OF ELECTROLYSIS

BALANCING REDOX EQUATIONS

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 13 Some Representative Groups and Families

SULFUR FAMILY

HALOGEN FAMILY

NITROGEN FAMILY

METALS

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 14 Carbon and Organic Chemistry

CARBON

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

HYDROCARBONS

HYDROCARBON DERIVATIVES

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

CHAPTER 15 The Laboratory

LABORATORY SAFETY RULES

SOME BASIC SETUPS

SUMMARY OF QUALITATIVE TESTS

Chapter Summary

Practice Exercises

PART 3 PRACTICE TESTS

Practice Test 1

Practice Test 2

Practice Test 3

Practice Test 4


APPENDIXES

Glossary