Are You Ready for the SAT & ACT?
Author: Elizabeth Owens
Parts of Speech
Parts of speech are like the building blocks of sentences. Every word in a sentence has a function. Knowing the function of each word can help you figure out what’s going on in a sentence. It can also help you to construct interesting and varied sentences.
There are 8 parts of speech.
1. Nouns are people, places, things, or ideas.
a. Common nouns: tree, store, badger, mummy
b. Proper nouns: Frankenstein, Harry Potter, January, Rodeo Dr.
2. Verbs express actions, events, or states of being.
Ex: Malcolm rode the roller coaster. Malcolm was first in line.
3. Adjectives describe nouns.
Ex: The creepy store sold cheap costumes.
4. Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.
Ex: The cookie quickly disappeared. The chocolate was extremely delicious.
5. Pronouns replace nouns and make sentences less repetitive.
a. Personal pronouns refer to specific people or things: she, it, they
b. Demonstrative pronouns point to and identify a noun or pronoun: this, that, these
c. Interrogative pronouns ask questions: which, whom, what
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6. Prepositions link nouns, pronouns, and phrases to other words in a sentence. They give information about where the object is in space or time.
Ex: The troll is under the bridge. The movie started after the previews.
7. Conjunctions link words or phrases.
Ex: and, but, for, yet
8. Interjections are used to express emotion.
Ex: Ouch! Hey! Oh.