﻿ Solving Quadratic Equations - Algebra - Math Review - GMAT Quantitative Review ﻿

## 3.0Math Review

### 6. Solving Quadratic Equations

The standard form for a quadratic equation is

,

where a, b, and c are real numbers and ; for example:

Some quadratic equations can easily be solved by factoring. For example:

 (1) (2)

A quadratic equation has at most two real roots and may have just one or even no real root. For example, the equation  can be expressed as , or ; thus the only root is 3. The equation  has no real root; since the square of any real number is greater than or equal to zero,  must be greater than zero.

An expression of the form  can be factored as .

For example, the quadratic equation  can be solved as follows.

If a quadratic expression is not easily factored, then its roots can always be found using the quadratic formula: If  , then the roots are

These are two distinct real numbers unless . If , then these two expressions for x are equal to , and the equation has only one root. If , then  is not a real number and the equation has no real roots.

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