SAT 2016

CHAPTER 4

THE SAT WRITING AND LANGUAGE TEST: THE TEN ESSENTIAL RULES

CHAPTER 4 ANSWER KEY

Exercise 1

1.  The team were was met.

2.  The flock look looks like a whirlwind.

3.  Carmen were was unaffected.

4.  Juggling seem seems too much.

5.  Others is are concerned.

6.  Every one has supported my decision. (correct)

7.  The fact have has forced some historians …

8.  The progression are a result of gradual modifications, not sudden overhaul. The subject and verb disagree, but more important, they are weak and unclear. Revision: We progress more by small increments than by major upheavals.

9.  The development were affected by the lack. The subject and verb disagree, but more important, they are weak and unclear. Revision: The discord within the revolutionary army hindered social and political development.

10.  This report is intended. Very uninformative subject and verb. Revision: The administration responded poorly to the most recent crises in the Middle East.

Exercise 2

1.  was

2.  were

3.  is

4.  goes

5.  wants

6.  was

7.  are

8.  is

9.  are

10.  are

11.  are

12.  have

13.  was

14.  have

15.  are

16.  go

17.  are

18.  was

19.  has

20.  was

21.  has

22.  utter

23.  are

Exercise 3

1.  The comedy The Return, the third and latest movie directed by H. K. Schaffer, daughter of famed screenwriter George Schaffer, has received widespread critical acclaim.

2.  An international team of scientists has discovered that the prefrontal cortex governs impulse control in humans, providing an important insight into criminal behavior.

3.  Although electric cars are widely considered to be environmentally friendly, the electricity they use often comes from power plants that burn coal or other fossil fuels, which generate copious greenhouse emissions.

4.  Regular exercise not only strengthens your muscles and heart, but also oxygenates your brain, helping it work more efficiently.

5.  Although we are motivated by our principles, those principles change as our experiences transform our priorities.

Exercise 4

1.  One of their greatest challenges, DNA contamination, has recently been overcome at the Max Planck Institute in Germany, where biologists have developed a “clean room,” like those used in manufacturing computer chips and space telescopes, to examine minute bits of genetic material from 400,000-yearold hominid bones.

2.  However, evidence suggests that the loss of autonomy and frequent humiliation that prisoners receive only aggravates the crime problem by exacerbating any short- or long-term psychological issues that make them susceptible to antisocial and criminal impulses.

3.  Nevertheless, the willingness to equate all governmental institutions with tyranny is an enormously dangerous one that can only impede moral, economic, and cultural progress.

Exercise 5

1.  … reforming the tax code, improving the schools, and reviving good relations …

2.  … but about using your time well.

3.  … the more you will like her.

4.  … but also very reasonably priced.

5.  … exacerbated by esoteric financial instruments, skittish investors, and oblivious regulators.

6.  … is very supportive and knowledgeable.

7.  … give the tickets to Maria or to Caitlyn.

8.  … experienced contracting wealth, increasing risk spreads, and deteriorating credit markets.

9.  I prefer the romantic virtuosity of Liszt to the emotional accessibility of Chopin.

10.  … not so much for the music as for the spirit of free expression.

Exercise 6

1.  As I rounded the bend

2.  Martha was compelled by her creative instinct

3.  Claudius unsheathed his sword

4.  There are a lot of apps and websites to help you find a good Thai restaurant.

5.  Even though Adam had a sprained ankle, the coach forced him

6.  As we walked back to the car, we found my lost earrings.

7.  David was concerned primarily with

8.  the hikers pitched an early camp because of the looming storm

9.  Allison was frightened

10.  Without your being aware of it

11.  We were surprised to hear Carol, whom we always regarded as a dutiful mother,

12.  Sprinters say that proper hip positioning is essential to getting a good jump out of the starting blocks.

13.  the town council is considering proposals for cutbacks

14.  the senator planned

15.  Although Portland is famous for its visual arts scene, its

16.  the magician made the coin disappear instantly

17.  Physicians recommend both vigorous exercise and disciplined eating for maintaining good health.

18.  we saw one at a garage sale

Exercise 7

1.  much stronger → much more strongly

2.  foully → foul

3.  never usually → rarely

4.  most → more

5.  weren’t hardly → weren’t

6.  easier → more easily

7.  clearer → more clearly

8.  more easy → easier

9.  the most unique → unique

10.  won’t barely → won’t

11.  never told → didn’t tell

12.  never usually → rarely

Exercise 8

1.  anything → anything else

2.  key → keys

3.  American classrooms → those in American classrooms

4.  conventional cars → those of conventional cars

5.  as inscrutable, if not more so, than → as inscrutable as, if not more inscrutable than,

6.  Shakespeare → Shakespeare’s poetry

7.  much → many

8.  between → among

9.  a lifeguard → lifeguards

10.  is you have → is having

Exercise 9

1.  where → when

2.  a student wants → you want (or begin → he or she should begin)

3.  she → Julia (or Caroline)

4.  that → who

5.  their → its, him or her → them

6.  it → they

7.  that → who, they → he or she

8.  one → you (or you → one)

9.  he → Jack (or Ted or whoever was missing the shots)

10.  his or her → their

11.  where → in which

12.  Everyone → They all (or their → his or her)

13.  they → it

14.  that → who

15.  each swimmer → all swimmers (or themselves → himself or herself)

16.  that → who

Exercise 10

1.  me

2.  he (did)

3.  We

4.  his or her

5.  us

6.  me

7.  him

8.  I

9.  our

10.  I

11.  him and me

12.  We

13.  me

14.  me

15.  his

16.  me

17.  your

Exercise 11

1.  came, had stayed

2.  having spent, has written

3.  Having developed, hoped

4.  went

5.  is, published

6.  Having found, had

7.  Having been, began

8.  arrived, started

9.  adjourned, had voted

10.  had not scored

11.  uses, based

12.  had, had hiked

13.  Having walked, were

14.  will have written

15.  Having won, was, would win

16.  is

17.  worry, forget

18.  have completed

19.  believed, were caused

20.  often worry

Exercise 12

1.  affect

2.  eradicate

3.  morale

4.  complements

5.  distinguish

6.  imply

7.  given

8.  affect

9.  tense

10.  principal

11.  disparaged

12.  compel

13.  antidote

14.  dilute

15.  exceeded

16.  converted

17.  inequity

18.  anonymously

19.  elicit

20.  adapt

21.  blossomed

22.  discreet

23.  council

24.  flout

25.  gamut

26.  infer

27.  curtail

28.  phase

29.  imminent

30.  proceed

31.  defusing

32.  reluctant

33.  supplanted

34.  cited

35.  redundancies: back, past, new, for the first time, entire, If and, necessarily, consistency and, on, at the same time, to accomplish the same thing, If we take a moment to pause and consider for a second

Exercise 13

1.  to

2.  on

3.  to

4.  none

5.  to (or for)

6.  from

7.  with

8.  about

9.  with

10.  into

11.  with

12.  about

13.  from

14.  of

15.  about

16.  to

17.  to

18.  none

Exercise 14

1.  were

2.  was, began

3.  would promote

4.  be

5.  were

6.  had, would have gotten

7.  were

8.  were

9.  had

10.  would

11.  were

12.  had, would have come

13.  be

14.  were

15.  had

16.  were

17.  wanted, see

18.  would have

19.  had, would have

Exercise 15

1.  … book, In Cold Blood, is considered the first and the greatest …

2.  delete the comma

3.  Runners who step out of their lanes during the first lap will be disqualified.

4.  … belief, water will reach its boiling point more slowly when it’s …

5.  … opinion, the most interesting part of the trip was …

6.  It’s easy to see, even on the dreariest of days, how Paris has earned its …

7.  … college education, Jill …

8.  … whose phone rings, the entire class …

9.  … ankle; now she …

10.  … your own dog, don’t expect me to pay for its grooming.

11.  Don’t expect this to be cheap; perfection has its price.

12.  delete the comma

13.  I told you: don’t …

14.  delete both commas

15.  The DVDs that they just received don’t seem to work in their player.

16.  cyclotron—like the one Ernest Lawrence built at Berkeley—accelerates …