BEHAVIOR - Animal Behavior and Ecology - Cracking the AP Biology Exam

Cracking the AP Biology Exam


Animal Behavior and Ecology

In the preceding chapters, we looked at individual organisms and the ways in which they solve life’s many problems: acquiring nutrition, reproducing, etc. Now let’s turn to how organisms deal with their environments. We can divide the discussion of organisms and their environments into two general categories: behavior and ecology.


Some animals behave in a programmed way to specific stimuli while others behave according to some type of learning. We humans can do both. For the AP Biology Exam, you’ll have to know a little about the different types of behavior.

All behavior means, basically, is how organisms cope with their environments. This chapter looks at the general types of behavior: instinct, imprinting, classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and insight. Let’s start with instinct.