Most beautiful small birds - Sykalo Eugen 2024

Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus)


  • Species name: Budgerigar, Budgie
  • Scientific name: Melopsittacus undulatus
  • Family: Psittaculidae (Parrots)
  • Order: Psittaciformes (Parrots)
  • Subclass: Neornithes (Modern birds)
  • Class: Aves (Birds)


  • Size: Small parrot, about 28-30 cm (11-12 in) long with a wingspan of 46-48 cm (18-19 in).
  • Body shape: Slender and streamlined, with a long tail and long, pointed wings.
  • Plumage color:

Wild: Green body with black wavy markings on back and wings, yellow face and underparts, and a blue rump patch.

Domestic: Diverse array of color mutations, including yellow, blue, white, and gray, with or without the wavy markings.

  • Beak: Short, strong, and hooked, pale grey in color, ideal for cracking seeds and fruits.
  • Legs: Short and green.
  • Tail: Long and pointed, often held in a V-shape during flight.


  • Method of feeding: Primarily ground feeders, consuming a variety of seeds, fruits, and vegetables. Adaptable to pellets and prepared foods in captivity.
  • Reproduction: Builds nests in tree cavities or nest boxes. Lays 4-6 white eggs, with both parents caring for the young.
  • Movement: Resident in their native range (Australia), but highly nomadic and capable of long-distance flights.
  • Communication: Loud chirps and whistles, with some captive individuals learning to mimic human speech.


  • Habitat: Open grasslands and woodlands in their native Australia, but adaptable to various environments.
  • Diet: Primarily seeds, fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
  • Hunting methods: Forage on the ground for fallen seeds and fruits, occasionally climbing trees for additional food sources.

Distribution: Native to Australia, but widely introduced and established in many parts of the world, including Europe, North America, and South America.


Don't underestimate the seemingly familiar Budgerigar, the beloved pet bird known for its cheerful chirps and vibrant plumage. Beneath its iconic green and yellow stripes lies a treasure trove of hidden quirks, scientific wonders, and captivating social skills that will leave you charmed by this feathered flash:

Mimicry Masters: Budgies are the champions of vocal mimicry in the bird world. They can flawlessly imitate human speech, whistle tunes, and even mimic other bird calls, creating a sonic menagerie that's both impressive and sometimes hilarious. Imagine them as feathered DJs with built-in sound effects and karaoke skills!

Master Navigators: Budgies have an innate sense of direction, allowing them to navigate vast distances and find their way back home after long journeys. Some experts believe they use celestial bodies, like the sun and stars, as navigational aids. Talk about feathered pilots with built-in celestial compasses!

Flock Formations: Witnessing a flock of budgies in flight is like watching a synchronized aerial ballet. They perform dazzling formations, swirling, diving, and weaving through the air in perfect coordination. It's like a feathered murmuration with built-in choreographers!

Unexpected Dust Devils: Budgies don't just fly; they create their own mini dust storms. When a large flock takes off, they can stir up dust and sand, creating swirling dervishes across the landscape. Imagine them as feathered tornadoes with built-in sandcastle-building capabilities!

Feathered Farmers: In their native Australian habitats, budgies play a crucial role in dispersing seeds. Their droppings help plants spread and take root, contributing to the vibrant tapestry of the Outback. Talk about feathered gardeners with built-in fertilizer systems!

Social Butterflies: Budgies are highly social creatures. They thrive in flocks, engaging in constant chirping, preening each other's feathers, and even sharing food. This feathered community offers companionship, protection, and a built-in gossip network!

Unexpected Tool Users: Recent research suggests budgies might be smarter than we thought. They have been observed using sticks and twigs as tools to pry open seeds and even manipulate objects to reach hidden treats. Talk about feathered MacGyvers with built-in pocket toolkits!

Mirror Marvels: Budgies are fascinated by their reflections. They spend hours preening in front of mirrors, sometimes even engaging in mock fights with their mirrored selves. This fascination with their doppelgangers hints at a complex understanding of self-awareness in these feathered friends.