Most beautiful small birds - Sykalo Eugen 2024

Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs)


  • Species name: Common Chaffinch, European Chaffinch
  • Scientific name: Fringilla coelebs
  • Family: Fringillidae (Finches)
  • Order: Passeriformes (Songbirds)
  • Subclass: Neornithes (Modern birds)
  • Class: Aves (Birds)


  • Size: Small songbird, about 15-16 cm (5.9-6.3 in) long with a wingspan of 24-26 cm (9.4-10.2 in).
  • Body shape: Stocky and plump, with a short neck, a large head, and a strong, conical beak.
  • Plumage color:

Males (breeding season): Striking combination of rusty chest, blue-grey cap, black wings with white wing bars, and brown upperparts.

Females and non-breeding males: Duller and brownish overall, with less defined markings.

  • Beak: Short, thick, and conical, dark grey in color, well-suited for crushing seeds.
  • Legs: Short and brown.
  • Tail: Moderately long and slightly forked.


  • Method of feeding: Primarily ground feeders, consuming a variety of seeds, insects, and berries. Also forages in trees and bushes.
  • Reproduction: Builds cup-shaped nests in trees and shrubs. Lays 4-6 pale blue eggs with reddish markings. Both parents care for the young.
  • Movement: Resident in most of its range, with some winter migration in northern areas.
  • Communication: Loud and varied song with whistles, trills, and imitations of other birds. Males sing to defend territory and attract mates.


  • Habitat: Woodlands, forests, parks, gardens, and farmland with trees and hedges.
  • Diet: Seeds, insects, berries, buds, and other plant material.
  • Hunting methods: Forages on the ground, often in large flocks, searching for fallen seeds and insects. Also gleans food from foliage and branches.

Distribution: Found across Europe, western Asia, and North Africa. Introduced to New Zealand and Australia.

Common Chaffinch

Don't underestimate the unassuming Common Chaffinch, a familiar sight in European and Asian gardens and woodlands. Beneath its brown speckled plumage and sturdy beak lies a treasure trove of fascinating facts and hidden quirks that will leave you charmed by this feathered songster:

Melody Maestro: The Chaffinch's song isn't just a simple chirp; it's a complex musical masterpiece. They can string together a variety of whistles, warbles, and even imitations of other birds, creating a vibrant avian concerto that fills the air with joy. Imagine them as feathered composers with built-in remix capabilities!

Hidden Acrobats: While Chaffinches may not perform daring aerial displays, they're surprisingly agile foragers. They can flit through branches with precision, hang upside down to reach hidden seeds, and even balance on the thinnest twigs with remarkable dexterity. Think of them as feathered parkour artists in miniature!

Seed Specialists: Chaffinches have evolved specialized beaks perfectly adapted to cracking open tough seeds. They are the undisputed champions of seed-snatching, feasting on sunflower seeds, berries, and even fallen grain during the harsh winter months. Imagine them as feathered nutcrackers with built-in pocket mills!

Unexpected Winter Warriors: Unlike many songbirds that migrate south, Chaffinches are resilient year-round residents. They have thick, insulating feathers, efficient foraging skills, and a knack for finding sheltered feeding grounds, allowing them to thrive even in snow-covered landscapes. Talk about feathered Vikings with built-in snowshoes!

Cooperative Breeders: Though not as common as in other species, Chaffinches sometimes engage in cooperative breeding. Helpers, often older offspring or non-breeding individuals, assist the breeding pair in raising chicks, providing extra food and protection. It's a feathered commune with built-in childcare!

Unexpected Tool Users: Recent research suggests Chaffinches might be smarter than we thought. They have been observed using sticks and twigs as tools to pry open stubborn berries and even manipulate objects to reach hidden treats. Talk about feathered MacGyvers with built-in pocket toolkits!

Symbiotic Symphony: Chaffinches play a vital role in the ecosystem. By dispersing seeds through their droppings, they help plants spread and take root, contributing to the vibrant tapestry of nature. These feathered gardeners even help control insect populations, maintaining a healthy balance in their habitats.

Cultural Charmers: Chaffinches have held a special place in human cultures for centuries. They appear in folklore, literature, and even music, often symbolizing hope, resilience, and the joy of springtime. It's a testament to the enduring fascination we have with these captivating feathered friends.

Hidden Color Change: Did you know? Male Chaffinches undergo a subtle yet intriguing color change during the breeding season. Their brown plumage becomes slightly richer and glossier, while their cheeks develop a faint rosy tinge. It's like feathered lovebirds putting on their spring fashion show!