Most beautiful small birds - Sykalo Eugen 2024

Eurasian Jay (Garrulus glandarius)


  • Species name: Eurasian Jay
  • Scientific name: Garrulus glandarius
  • Family: Corvidae (Crows and Jays)
  • Order: Passeriformes (Songbirds)
  • Subclass: Neornithes (Modern birds)
  • Class: Aves (Birds)


  • Size: Medium-sized songbird, about 34-35 cm (13-14 in) long with a wingspan of 52-58 cm (20-23 in).
  • Body shape: Robust and plump, with a large head, a short neck, and a strong, black bill.
  • Plumage color:

Upperparts: Primarily pinkish brown, with darker streaking on the back and wings.

Underparts: Lighter pinkish brown, with a black bib and white throat markings.

Bright blue wing patches with white bars.

Black tail with white outer feathers.

Black eyes with a white "eyebrow" stripe.

Black legs.

  • Beak: Black, stout, and conical, well-suited for cracking acorns and other hard-shelled food.
  • Legs: Strong and black.
  • Tail: Long and black, often held upright during displays.


  • Method of feeding: Omnivorous, primarily eating acorns and other nuts, but also foraging for insects, fruits, and small animals.
  • Reproduction: Builds cup-shaped nests in trees or thick vegetation. Lays 4-6 pale blue eggs with dark markings. Both parents care for the young.
  • Movement: Resident in most of its range, with some dispersal in response to food availability.
  • Communication: Loud and varied vocalizations, including harsh screeches, chattering calls, and even mimicry of other birds.


  • Habitat: Woodlands, forests, parks, and gardens with mature trees.
  • Diet: Acorns, nuts, seeds, insects, fruits, berries, small animals, and eggs.
  • Hunting methods: Forages on the ground and in trees, searching for food under leaf litter, gleaning insects from branches, and cracking open acorns and nuts with their strong beaks.

Distribution: Found across Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Introduced to parts of North America and New Zealand.

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian Jay, a bold and mischievous resident of European and Asian woodland, might seem like a noisy pest at first glance. But beneath its striking blue and brown plumage lies a treasure trove of fascinating facts and adaptations that will leave you captivated by this intelligent corvid:

Master Mimicry: Jays are not just loud; they're talented vocalists. They can mimic the calls of other birds, from hawks and owls to songbirds, with remarkable accuracy. Imagine them as feathered comedians with built-in impressionist routines!

Hidden Brainpower: Don't underestimate the Jay's intelligence. They have an impressive memory, remembering thousands of food locations even months later. Some studies suggest they even plan for the future, storing acorns they anticipate needing in the cold months ahead. Talk about feathered survival strategists with built-in mental maps!

Acorn Aficionados: Jays are obsessed with acorns. They can bury up to 4,500 acorns a year, some in carefully hidden locations they can remember months later. These feathered squirrels contribute to the spread of oak trees, creating future landscapes and benefiting other creatures.

Unexpected Tool Users: Recent research suggests Jays might be even smarter than we thought. They have been observed using twigs and sticks as tools to pry open stubborn berries and even manipulate objects to reach hidden treats. Talk about feathered MacGyvers with built-in pocket toolkits!

Cooperative Breeders: Though not as common as in other species, Jays sometimes engage in cooperative breeding. Helpers, often older offspring or non-breeding individuals, assist the breeding pair in raising chicks, providing extra food and protection. It's a feathered commune with built-in childcare!

Symbiotic Symphony: Jays play a vital role in the ecosystem. By dispersing seeds through their droppings, they help plants spread and take root, contributing to the vibrant tapestry of the forest. These feathered gardeners even help control insect populations, maintaining a healthy balance in their habitats.

Cultural Charmers: Jays have held a complex place in human cultures for centuries. They appear in myths, folktales, and even art, often symbolizing intelligence, trickery, and even foresight. It's a testament to the enduring fascination we have with these vibrant and intriguing birds.

Unexpected Vulnerability: Despite their intelligence and adaptability, Jay populations face threats like habitat loss and urbanization. Conservation efforts are crucial to ensure these resourceful corvids continue to grace our woodlands with their boisterous calls and hidden talents for generations to come.