Most beautiful small birds - Sykalo Eugen 2024

Gouldian Finch (Erythrura gouldiae)


  • Species name: Gouldian Finch
  • Scientific name: Erythrura gouldiae
  • Family: Estrildidae (Waxbills)
  • Order: Passeriformes (Songbirds)
  • Subclass: Neornithes (Modern birds)
  • Class: Aves (Birds)


  • Size: Tiny finch, about 14-17 cm (5.5-6.7 in) long with a wingspan of 22-24 cm (8.7-9.4 in).
  • Body shape: Slender and streamlined, with a short neck, a long, slightly downcurved beak, and a long, forked tail.
  • Plumage color:

Males (breeding season): Dazzling emerald green head and chest, vibrant purple breast and belly, a black bib, and red rump. Black wings with white edges.

Females (breeding season): Duller green head and chest, pale purple breast and belly, and less defined black bib.

Winter: Both sexes are less vibrant, with greenish upperparts and pale underparts.

Black legs.

Bright red eye patch.

  • Beak: Long, slightly downcurved, and black in color, well-suited for cracking seeds and gleaning insects.


  • Method of feeding: Primarily eats grass seeds, but also consumes fruit, nectar, and insects.
  • Reproduction: Builds cup-shaped nests in trees or bushes. Lays 4-8 white eggs. Both parents care for the young.
  • Movement: Nomadic, moving with the availability of food and water.
  • Communication: Soft warbling calls and tweets, with males singing during breeding season.


  • Habitat: Grasslands, woodlands, savannas, and riverine areas. Often found near water sources.
  • Diet: Grass seeds, fruit, nectar, insects.
  • Hunting methods: Forages on the ground and in low vegetation, pecking at seeds and gleaning insects from leaves and branches.

Distribution: Found in northern Australia and southern New Guinea. Introduced to other areas, but populations in the wild are vulnerable.

Gouldian Finch

Ah, the Gouldian Finch — a feathered rainbow dancing amidst the arid grasslands and woodlands of northern Australia. This seemingly fragile marvel might appear like a whimsical dream at first glance, but beneath its kaleidoscope of colors lies a treasure trove of fascinating facts and adaptations that will leave you mesmerized by this avian masterpiece.

Master of Mimicry: Don't underestimate the Gouldian Finch's vocal talents! They are skilled mimics, able to flawlessly reproduce the calls of other birds, from kookaburras and honeyeaters to even mechanical sounds like car alarms. Imagine them as feathered ventriloquists with built-in sound effect libraries!

Unexpected Feast Hunters: Despite their delicate appearance, Gouldian Finches are resilient omnivores. They readily adapt their diet to the seasons, feeding on a variety of seeds, fruits, and even insects. Their strong beaks and agile movements allow them to tackle a surprising range of tasty options. Think of them as feathered culinary adventurers with built-in miniature buffets!

Hidden Oasis Builders: In the scorching Australian heat, Gouldian Finches don't just find water — they create it! They build their nests near water sources, utilizing mud and plant materials to create intricate structures that trap and condense moisture. It's like they have built-in miniature humidifiers for their chicks!

Unexpected Nomadic Tendencies: Forget predictable territories; Gouldian Finches are nomadic explorers. They roam widely across the Australian landscape, following the availability of food and water, adding a touch of feathered wanderlust to the arid plains. Talk about avian adventurers with built-in GPS!

Vivid Fashion Chameleons: The Gouldian Finch isn't just colorful; it's incredibly diverse. Different populations boast unique combinations of red, blue, purple, and yellow, making them feathered kaleidoscopes with ever-changing patterns. It's like they have built-in wardrobe drawers overflowing with vibrant options!

Symbiotic Symphony: Gouldian Finches play a vital role in the Australian ecosystem. By dispersing seeds through their droppings, they help plants spread and take root, contributing to the vibrant tapestry of the arid landscapes. These feathered gardeners even help control some insect populations, maintaining a healthy balance in their habitats.

Cultural Charmers: In Aboriginal cultures, the Gouldian Finch is associated with beauty, resilience, and the interconnectedness of nature. Its dazzling plumage and nomadic spirit inspire awe and respect, making it a treasured symbol of the Australian outback.

Hidden Dangers: Sadly, the Gouldian Finch faces threats like habitat loss and illegal trade. Conservation efforts are crucial to ensure these feathered rainbows continue to grace the Australian landscape with their vibrant beauty and hidden resilience for generations to come.