Most beautiful small birds - Sykalo Eugen 2024

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)


  • Species name: House Sparrow
  • Scientific name: Passer domesticus
  • Family: Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)
  • Order: Passeriformes (Songbirds)
  • Subclass: Neornithes (Modern birds)
  • Class: Aves (Birds)


  • Size: Small bird, about 5-6 inches (15-16 cm) long with a wingspan of 7-9 inches (18-23 cm).
  • Body shape: Plump and rounded, with a short, stout beak and a short tail.
  • Plumage color:

Males: Gray head, white cheeks, black bib, brown back with black streaks, grayish underparts.

Females: Overall grayish-brown, paler below, with a less distinct black bib.

Short, stout, conical beak, grayish-black in color.

Pinkish-brown legs.

Dark brown eyes.


  • Method of feeding: Primarily eats seeds, grains, and insects. Forages on the ground, in trees, and around human settlements.
  • Reproduction: Builds nests in cavities, including buildings, holes in trees, and nest boxes. Lays 4-6 white or grayish eggs with brown spots. Both parents care for the young.
  • Movement: Resident in most of its range, with some local movements in response to food availability.
  • Communication: Variety of calls, including chirps, chatters, and trills. Males have a simple, repetitive song.


  • Habitat: Urban and suburban areas, farms, villages, parks, and gardens. Highly adaptable to human-modified habitats.
  • Diet: Seeds, grains, insects, scraps of human food.
  • Hunting methods: Forages on the ground, picking up seeds and insects, or scavenges for food around human activity.

Distribution: Native to Europe and Asia, introduced to North America, South America, Australia, and New Zealand. Now one of the most widespread bird species in the world.

House Sparrow

The House Sparrow, that ubiquitous feathered resident of cities and towns worldwide, might seem like a mere sidewalk diner at first glance. But beneath its unassuming coat and chirpy calls lies a treasure trove of surprising facts and adaptations that will turn this common bird into a captivating avian adventurer in your eyes.

Masters of Urban Adaptation: Unlike many birds, House Sparrows thrive in the concrete jungle. Their strong beaks and feet allow them to crack seeds and glean food from even the harshest urban landscapes, from overflowing bins to bustling markets. Picture them as feathered scavengers with built-in miniature recycling centers!

Hidden Feasting Technique: Don't underestimate their dietary flexibility! While seeds are a staple, House Sparrows are opportunistic omnivores, readily adjusting their menu to whatever bounty the city offers. From insects and scraps to berries and even the occasional lizard, their varied appetite keeps them fueled for urban explorations. Think of them as feathered gourmands with built-in miniature buffets!

Unexpected Social Builders: Forget solitary nests; House Sparrows are skilled architects and communal dwellers. They build complex, multi-chambered nests in cavities and eaves, often housing multiple breeding pairs and families. Imagine them as feathered apartment developers with built-in miniature co-housing projects!

Singing with Attitude: Their chirps aren't just background noise. House Sparrows have a diverse and complex vocal repertoire, including alarm calls, mating songs, and even regional dialects. Their chirps and trills can convey aggression, joy, and even a sense of urban camaraderie! Think of them as feathered gossips with built-in miniature radio transmitters!

Symbiotic Symphony: While sometimes considered pests, House Sparrows play a vital role in urban ecosystems. By controlling insect populations, they help maintain a healthy balance in city parks and gardens. These feathered pest controllers contribute to the flourishing of diverse urban flora and fauna.

Cultural Charmers: In many cultures, the House Sparrow is associated with persistence, resourcefulness, and the spirit of community. Its adaptability and resilience in the face of urban challenges inspire awe and respect, making it a treasured symbol of the vibrant tapestry of life in cities.

Unexpected Regional Variations: Did you know? Not all House Sparrows are the same! Different populations across the globe boast subtle variations in plumage color and vocalizations, adding a touch of feathered diversity to this adaptable species.