Most beautiful small birds - Sykalo Eugen 2024

Penduline Tit (Remiz pendulinus)


  • Species name: Eurasian Penduline Tit, European Penduline Tit (sometimes referred to as Remiz)
  • Scientific name: Remiz pendulinus
  • Family: Remizidae (Penduline Tits)
  • Order: Passeriformes (Songbirds)
  • Subclass: Neornithes (Modern birds)
  • Class: Aves (Birds)


  • Size: Small songbird, about 10-11.5 cm (3.9-4.5 in) long with a wingspan of 17-22 cm (6.7-8.7 in).
  • Body shape: Compact and round, with a short neck, a short tail, and a long, pointed beak.
  • Plumage color:

Males: Warm chestnut brown upperparts, contrasting with their pale gray head and black "mask" through the eye. Underparts are buff-colored.

Females: Similar to males but duller overall, with less defined black mask.

Long, pointed beak, finely tipped and black or dark gray.

Short, dark brown legs.

Dark brown eyes.


  • Method of feeding: Primarily catches insects in mid-air, but also feeds on spiders, worms, and other small invertebrates. Forages on trees, bushes, and reeds.
  • Reproduction: Builds elaborate, pouch-shaped nests, often suspended from branches over water. Nests are woven from reeds, leaves, and other plant materials. Lays 4-7 pale blue eggs with dark speckles. Both parents care for the young.
  • Movement: Partially migratory, with some populations moving south in winter, while others remain resident.
  • Communication: Loud, high-pitched calls and whistles, including a distinctive "tseep" call and a more complex song during breeding season.


  • Habitat: Wetlands, marshes, lakes, rivers, and damp woodlands. Prefers areas with dense vegetation near water.
  • Diet: Insects, spiders, worms, snails, and other small invertebrates.
  • Hunting methods: Forages on trees, bushes, and reeds, gleaning insects from leaves and branches or catching them in mid-air. May also hover near flowers to catch insects.

Distribution: Widespread in Europe and western Asia, from Spain to western China. Also found in parts of north Africa.

Penduline Tit

The Penduline Tit, a feathered architect weaving wonder in the heart of willow thickets! This seemingly unassuming resident of European wetlands might appear like a simple builder at first glance. But beneath its drab brown plumage and industrious spirit lies a treasure trove of surprising facts and adaptations that will transform this master weaver into a captivating bird acrobat, hidden feast master, and unexpected champion of resilience in your eyes.

Masters of the Willow Waltz: Forget clumsy hops; Penduline Tits reign supreme in the domain of swaying reeds and weeping willows. Their powerful legs and surprisingly broad wings propel them through the branches with breathtaking agility, leaping and fluttering between twigs like feathered trapeze artists on miniature trampolines. Imagine them as wetland ballerinas with built-in miniature hang gliders and an innate love for willow choreography.

Hidden Feasting Technique: Don't underestimate their dietary flexibility! While insects are a staple, Penduline Tits are opportunistic omnivores, readily adapting their menu to seasonal bounty. From juicy berries and tender shoots to seeds and even the occasional spider, their varied appetite keeps them fueled for energetic foraging sessions. Think of them as feathered gourmands with built-in miniature buffets hidden within the willow maze.

Singing with Reedy Spirit: Their songs aren't just chirps and whistles. Penduline Tits possess a distinctive and vibrant repertoire, with clear, fluting whistles, intricate trills, and even a signature "tsip-tsip-tsip" duet call that echoes through the reeds. Their voices rise above the wetlands like feathered oboe players, serenading the sun-dappled water with their reedy spirit and joyful partnership.

Unexpected Architects of Wonder: They're not just talented singers. Penduline Tits are legendary nest builders, weaving intricate, felt-like pouches suspended from willow branches. Using spider silk, plant fluff, and even feathers, they craft cozy, camouflaged havens for their chicks, proving they're not just birds but feathered Frank Lloyd Wrights with built-in miniature looms and a passion for willow weaving.

Champions of Resilience: They're not always found in idyllic settings. Penduline Tits are surprisingly adaptable birds, able to thrive in man-made wetlands and even urban parks. Their flexible nest-building skills and diverse diet allow them to find homes and food sources in unexpected places, making them feathered pioneers with built-in miniature survival kits and unwavering determination.

Cultural Charmers: In European cultures, the Penduline Tit is associated with creativity, resilience, and the harmony between nature and human ingenuity. Its intricate nests and adaptable spirit inspire awe and respect, making it a treasured symbol of the region's vibrant wetlands and enduring spirit.

Unexpected Regional Variations: Did you know? Not all Penduline Tits are the same! Different populations across Europe and Asia boast subtle variations in plumage color and call patterns, adding a touch of feathered diversity to this adaptable species.