Most beautiful small birds - Sykalo Eugen 2024

White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird (Florisuga mellivora)


  • Species name: White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
  • Scientific name: Florisuga mellivora
  • Family: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
  • Order: Apodiformes (Hummingbirds)
  • Subclass: Avialurae (Birds)
  • Class: Aves (Birds)


  • Size: Medium-sized hummingbird, about 11-12 cm (4.3-4.7 in) long with a wingspan of 17-20 cm (6.7-7.9 in).
  • Body shape: Slender and streamlined, with a long, black, slightly downcurved beak adapted for nectar siphoning, iridescent feathers, and powerful wings that beat at dizzying speeds.
  • Plumage color:

Males: Dazzling iridescent blue head and throat, contrasting with their snow-white collar and underparts. Black wings and tail tipped with white.

Females: Less flashy, with greenish upperparts and blue-tinged throat, often lacking the distinctive white collar. Both sexes have iridescent feathers that shift color depending on the light.

Long, black beak perfectly curved for probing deep into flowers.

Tiny, black legs rarely used for walking, adapted for perching.

Large, dark brown eyes that scan for nectar-rich flowers.


  • Method of feeding: Primarily nectarivorous, hovering at flowers and extracting nectar with their long, specially adapted beaks. Also takes small insects and spiders on occasion.
  • Reproduction: Builds delicate cup-shaped nests on high branches or vines. Lays 2 white eggs with speckles. Both parents care for the young.
  • Movement: Resident in most of its range, with some local movements in response to flowering seasons.
  • Communication: High-pitched calls and whistles, with males having a more complex display song used for territorial defense and attracting mates. Their tail feathers may fan and spread during courtship displays.


  • Habitat: Humid tropical forests, forest edges, clearings with scattered trees, and even gardens. Prefers areas with abundant flowering plants.
  • Diet: Primarily nectar from a variety of flowers, but also small insects, spiders, and pollen. Plays an important role in plant pollination.
  • Hunting methods: Hovers in front of flowers, extending its long beak into their depths to extract nectar. May also glean insects from leaves and branches.

Distribution: Found in tropical South America, from Colombia and Venezuela to southern Brazil and Bolivia. Also found in Trinidad and Tobago.

White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird

The White-necked Jacobin hummingbird, a feathered jewel shimmering like a sapphire in flight, might seem like a simple nectar lover at first glance. But beneath its dazzling plumage and seemingly delicate wings lies a treasure trove of surprising facts and adaptations that will transform this tropical acrobat into a captivating aerial dancer, hidden feast master, and unexpected social strategist in your eyes.

Masters of the Aerial Ballet: Forget clumsy hops; White-necked Jacobins reign supreme in the domain of sun-dappled flowers and vibrant bromeliads. Their powerful wings and surprisingly acrobatic skills propel them through the air with breathtaking agility, hovering like feathered helicopters and darting in and out of blossoms with the precision of miniature jet fighters. Imagine them as sky ballet dancers with built-in miniature jetpacks and an innate love for high-wire floral performances.

Hidden Feasting Technique: Don't underestimate their dietary flexibility! While nectar is a staple, White-necked Jacobins are opportunistic omnivores, readily adapting their menu to seasonal bounty. From juicy insects and pollen to small spiders and even the occasional tree frog, their varied appetite keeps them fueled for energetic foraging sessions. Think of them as feathered tropical gourmands with built-in miniature buffets hidden within the flower-filled canopy.

Dancing with Dazzling Plumage: Their calls aren't just chirps and whistles. Male White-necked Jacobins possess a breathtaking visual display, with deep blue hoods and shimmering white tails that flare dramatically during aerial courtship dances. These feathered fashionistas, with their built-in miniature disco balls and an innate passion for aerial acrobatics, paint fleeting patterns of iridescent beauty across the sun-dappled forest understory.

Unexpected Social Strategists: They're not always solitary feeders. During foraging adventures and breeding seasons, White-necked Jacobins often form loose and surprisingly vocal flocks, flitting through the flowers in flashes of iridescent blue and echoing chatter that fills the air. These feathered socialites, in synchronized flights and intricate communication networks, become living maps of floral bounty and potential threats, sharing knowledge and resources within the tropical canopy.

Champions of Ecosystem Health: They're not just colorful residents. White-necked Jacobins play a vital role in the health of tropical ecosystems. Their pollination services are crucial for plant reproduction, while their insect feasting controls pest populations, making them feathered forest doctors with built-in miniature pollen-spreading tools and environmental beautification kits.

Cultural Charmers: Across Central and South America, the White-necked Jacobin has held diverse cultural significance. In some regions, its iridescent plumage inspires admiration for its beauty and vibrancy. In others, its aerial dances are seen as symbols of joy and celebration, reminding us of the hidden magic within the tropical flowerpots.

Unexpected Regional Variations: Did you know? Not all White-necked Jacobins are the same! Different populations across their vast range show subtle variations in plumage color and call patterns, adding a touch of feathered diversity to this adaptable species.