MCAT Organic Chemistry Review

MCAT Organic Chemistry Review

Nomenclature

Introduction

1.1 IUPAC Naming Conventions

1.2 Hydrocarbons and Alcohols

1.3 Aldehydes and Ketones

1.4 Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives

Conclusion

Concept Summary

Answers to Concept Checks

Shared Concepts

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Isomers

Introduction

2.1 Structural Isomers

2.2 Stereoisomers

2.3 Relative and Absolute Configurations

Conclusion

Concept Summary

Answers to Concept Checks

Equations to Remember

Shared Concepts

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Bonding

Introduction

3.1 Atomic Orbitals and Quantum Numbers

3.2 Molecular Orbitals

3.3 Hybridization

Conclusion

Concept Summary

Answers to Concept Checks

Shared Concepts

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Analyzing Organic Reactions

Introduction

4.1 Acids and Bases

4.2 Nucleophiles, Electrophiles, and Leaving Groups

4.3 Oxidation–Reduction Reactions

4.4 Chemoselectivity

4.5 Steps to Problem-Solving

Conclusion

Concept Summary

Answers to Concept Checks

Equations to Remember

Shared Concepts

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Alcohols

Introduction

5.1 Description and Properties

5.2 Reactions of Alcohols

5.3 Reactions of Phenols

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Aldehydes and Ketones I: Electrophilicity and Oxidation—Reduction

Introduction

6.1 Description and Properties

6.2 Nucleophilic Addition Reactions

6.3 Oxidation–Reduction Reactions

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Aldehyde and Ketones II: Enolates

Introduction

7.1 General Principles

7.2 Enolate Chemistry

7.3 Aldol Condensation

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Carboxylic Acids

Introduction

8.1 Description and Properties

8.2 Reactions of Carboxylic Acids

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Introduction

9.1 Amides, Esters, and Anhydrides

9.2 Reactivity Principles

9.3 Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Reactions

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Nitrogen- and Phosphorus-Containing Compounds

Introduction

10.1 Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

10.2 Synthesis of α-Amino Acids

10.3 Phosphorus-Containing Compounds

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Spectroscopy

Introduction

11.1 Infrared Spectroscopy

11.2 Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

11.3 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations

Separations and Purifications

Introduction

12.1 Solubility-Based Methods

12.2 Distillation

12.3 Chromatography

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Answers and Explanations


Periodic Table of the Elements