MCAT Biochemistry Review

MCAT Biochemistry Review

Chapter 1: Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

1.1 Amino Acids Found in Proteins

1.2 Acid–Base Chemistry of Amino Acids

1.3 Peptide Bond Formation and Hydrolysis

1.4 Primary and Secondary Protein Structure

1.5 Tertiary and Quaternary Protein Structure

1.6 Denaturation

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 2: Enzymes

2.1 Enzymes as Biological Catalysts

2.2 Mechanisms of Enzyme Activity

2.3 Enzyme Kinetics

2.4 Effects of Local Conditions on Enzyme Activity

2.5 Regulation of Enzyme Activity

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 3: Nonenzymatic Protein Function and Protein Analysis

3.1 Cellular Functions

3.2 Biosignaling

3.3 Protein Isolation

3.4 Protein Analysis

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 4: Carbohydrate Structure and Function

4.1 Carbohydrate Classification

4.2 Cyclic Sugar Molecules

4.3 Monosaccharides

4.4 Complex Carbohydrates

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 5: Lipid Structure and Function

5.1 Structural Lipids

5.2 Signaling Lipids

5.3 Energy Storage

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 6: DNA and Biotechnology

6.1 DNA Structure

6.2 Eukaryotic Chromosome Organization

6.3 DNA Replication

6.4 DNA Repair

6.5 Recombinant DNA and Biotechnology

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 7: RNA and the Genetic Code

7.1 The Genetic Code

7.2 Transcription

7.3 Translation

7.4 Control of Gene Expression in Prokaryotes

7.5 Control of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 8: Biological Membranes

8.1 Fluid Mosaic Model

8.2 Membrane Components

8.3 Membrane Transport

8.4 Specialized Membranes

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 9: Carbohydrate Metabolism I: Glycolysis, Glycogen, Gluconeogenesis, and the Pentose Phosphate Pathway

9.1 Glucose Transport

9.2 Glycolysis

9.3 Other Monosaccharides

9.4 Pyruvate Dehydrogenase

9.5 Glycogenesis and Glycogenolysis

9.6 Gluconeogenesis

9.7 The Pentose Phosphate Pathway

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 10: Carbohydrate Metabolism II: Aerobic Respiration

10.1 Acetyl-CoA

10.2 Reactions of the Citric Acid Cycle

10.3 The Electron Transport Chain

10.4 Oxidative Phosphorylation

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 11: Lipid and Amino Acid Metabolism

11.1 Lipid Digestion and Absorption

11.2 Lipid Mobilization

11.3 Lipid Transport

11.4 Cholesterol Metabolism

11.5 Fatty Acids and Triacylglycerols

11.6 Ketone Bodies

11.7 Protein Catabolism

Conclusion

Practice Questions

Chapter 12: Bioenergetics and Regulation of Metabolism

12.1 Thermodynamics and Bioenergetics

12.2 The Role of ATP

12.3 Biological Oxidation and Reduction

12.4 Metabolic States

12.5 Hormonal Regulation of Metabolism

12.6 Tissue-Specific Metabolism

12.7 Integrative Metabolism

Conclusion

Practice Questions


d

Glossary