MCAT organic chemistry review - Macnow Alexander Stone 2019-2020

Preface

About the MCAT

How This Book Was Created

Using This Book

Chapter 1: Nomenclature

1.1 IUPAC Naming Conventions

1.2 Hydrocarbons and Alcohols

1.3 Aldehydes and Ketones

1.4 Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives

1.5 Summary of Functional Groups

Conclusion

Chapter 2: Isomers

2.1 Structural Isomers

2.2 Stereoisomers

2.3 Relative and Absolute Configurations

Conclusion

Chapter 3: Bonding

3.1 Atomic Orbitals and Quantum Numbers

3.2 Molecular Orbitals

3.3 Hybridization

Conclusion

Chapter 4: Analyzing Organic Reactions

4.1 Acids and Bases

4.2 Nucleophiles, Electrophiles, and Leaving Groups

4.3 Oxidation—Reduction Reactions

4.4 Chemoselectivity

4.5 Steps to Problem Solving

Conclusion

Chapter 5: Alcohols

5.1 Description and Properties

5.2 Reactions of Alcohols

5.3 Reactions of Phenols

Conclusion

Chapter 6: Aldehydes and Ketones I: Electrophilicity and Oxidation—Reduction

6.1 Description and Properties

6.2 Nucleophilic Addition Reactions

6.3 Oxidation—Reduction Reactions

Conclusion

Chapter 7: Aldehydes and Ketones II: Enolates

7.1 General Principles

7.2 Enolate Chemistry

7.3 Aldol Condensation

Conclusion

Chapter 8: Carboxylic Acids

8.1 Description and Properties

8.2 Reactions of Carboxylic Acids

Conclusion

Chapter 9: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

9.1 Amides, Esters, and Anhydrides

9.2 Reactivity Principles

9.3 Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Reactions

Conclusion

Chapter 10: Nitrogen-and Phosphorus-Containing Compounds

10.1 Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

10.2 Synthesis of α Amino Acids

10.3 Phosphorus-Containing Compounds

Conclusion

Chapter 11: Spectroscopy

11.1 Infrared Spectroscopy

11.2 Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

11.3 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Conclusion

Chapter 12: Separations and Purifications

12.1 Solubility-Based Methods

12.2 Distillation

12.3 Chromatography

Conclusion

Glossary