LE CHÂTELIER’S PRINCIPLE - Chemical Equilibrium - REVIEW OF MAJOR TOPICS - SAT Subject Test Chemistry

SAT Subject Test Chemistry

PART 2

REVIEW OF MAJOR TOPICS

CHAPTER 10

Chemical Equilibrium

LE CHÂTELIER”S PRINCIPLE

A general law, Le Châtelier”s Principle, can be used to explain the results of applying any change of condition (stress) on a system in equilibrium. It states that if a stress is placed upon a system in equilibrium, the equilibrium is displaced in the direction that counteracts the effect of the stress. An increase in concentration of a substance favors the reaction that uses up that substance and lowers its concentration. A rise in temperature favors the reaction that absorbs heat and so tends to lower the temperature. These ideas are further developed below.

TIP

Know Le Châtelier”s Principle.