5 Steps to a 5: AP European History 2024 - Bartolini-Salimbeni B., Petersen W., Arata K. 2023

Resource Guide
Resources by Historical Period


Machiavelli, La Mandragola (The Mandrake Root). This play is the source of the line “the end justifies the means.”

Irving Stone, The Agony and the Ecstasy, which is also a stunning film.

A Season of Giants, a made-for-television movie about the life of Michelangelo.

Michelangelo and Petrarch, various poems

Boccaccio, Decameron (excerpts)


Victor Hugo, Les Misérables

Mary Shelley, Frankenstein

Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities

Mary Wollstonecraft, Maria, or the Wrongs of Woman

Any of the Romantic poets, but especially Shelley’s “To a Skylark,” Byron’s “Childe Harold” and “Don Juan,” and Wordsworth’s “The Prelude”

For satire, look at the works of William Hogarth (1697—1764) and James Gilray (1792—1810), caricaturists who specialized in political and social satire. Later, but perhaps better known, is Honoré Daumier (1808—1879). All gave rise to political and editorial cartooning.


Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist

Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice

Novels about imperialism/colonialism:

Africa: Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart, and be sure to read the Yeats poem “The Second Coming”

India: Kamala Markandaya, Nectar in a Sieve, and J. G. Farrell, The Siege of Krishnapur


J. L. Carr, A Month in the Country

Dalton Trumbo, Johnny Got His Gun

Pat Barker, Regeneration

Ken Follett, The Fall of Giants

John Hersey, Hiroshima

Louis de Bernières, Corelli’s Mandolin (the book, not the movie)

Lawrence of Arabia (the film) (1962)

A. J. Liebling, World War II Writings and The Road Back to Paris (journalism at its best)