500 AP English Language Questions to know by test day

CHAPTER 1. Autobiographers and Diarists

  Passage 1a: Thomas De Quincey, Confessions of an English Opium-Eater

  Passage 1b: Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

  Passage 1c: Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

  Passage 1d: Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl

  Passage 1e: Helen Keller, The Story of My Life

CHAPTER 2. Biographers and History Writers

  Passage 2a: James Boswell, Life of Samuel Johnson

  Passage 2b: Thomas Carlyle, On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History

  Passage 2c: Winston Churchill, The Approaching Conflict

  Passage 2d: Thomas Babington Macaulay, Hallam’s History

  Passage 2e: George Trevelyan, Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay

CHAPTER 3. Critics

  Passage 3a: Matthew Arnold, The Function of Criticism at the Current Time

  Passage 3b: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Shakespeare; or, the Poet

  Passage 3c: William Hazlitt, On Poetry in General

  Passage 3d: Walter Pater, Studies in the History of the Renaissance

  Passage 3e: John Ruskin, Of the Pathetic Fallacy

CHAPTER 4. Essayists and Fiction Writers

  Passage 4a: Joseph Addison, True and False Humour

  Passage 4b: Francis Bacon, Of Marriage and Single Life

  Passage 4c: G. K. Chesterton, A Defence of Baby-Worship

  Passage 4d: Charles Lamb, The Two Races of Men

  Passage 4e: Michel de Montaigne, Of the Punishment of Cowardice

CHAPTER 5. Journalists and Science and Nature Writers

  Passage 5a: Margaret Fuller, At Home and Abroad; or, Things and Thoughts in America and Europe

  Passage 5b: H. L. Mencken, Europe After 8:15

  Passage 5c: Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species

  Passage 5d: Thomas Henry Huxley, Science and Culture

  Passage 5e: Charles Lyell, The Student’s Elements of Geology

CHAPTER 6. Political Writers

  Passage 6a: Thomas Jefferson, Sixth State of the Union Address

  Passage 6b: John Stuart Mill, Considerations on Representative Government

  Passage 6c: Thomas Paine, Common Sense

  Passage 6d: Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, Volume 1

  Passage 6e: Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication on the Rights of Woman

CHAPTER 7. 16th and 17th Centuries

  Passage 7a: Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince

  Passage 7b: Thomas More, Utopia

  Passage 7c: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan

  Passage 7d: John Milton, Areopagitica

  Passage 7e: Samuel Pepys, Diary of Samuel Pepys

CHAPTER 8. 18th Century

  Passage 8a: Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

  Passage 8b: Samuel Johnson, Preface to a Dictionary of the English Language

  Passage 8c: John Locke, Second Treatise on Government

  Passage 8d: Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal

  Passage 8e: Richard Steele, The Tatler

CHAPTER 9. 19th Century

  Passage 9a: Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Biographia Literaria

  Passage 9b: John Henry Newman, Private Judgment

  Passage 9c: Francis Parkman, The Oregon Trail: Sketches of Prairie and Rocky-Mountain Life

  Passage 9d: Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

  Passage 9e: Oscar Wilde, De Profundis

CHAPTER 10. 20th Century

  Passage 10a: Willa Cather, On the Art of Fiction

  Passage 10b: W. E. B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk

  Passage 10c: Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Man-Made World; or, Our Androcentric Culture

  Passage 10d: George Santayana, The Life of Reason

  Passage 10e: Olive Schreiner, Woman and Labour