AP English Language
Review the Knowledge You Need to Score High
• Analysis is the deconstruction of a passage into its components in order to examine how a writer develops a subject.
• The AP English Language exam requires the analysis of structure, purpose, style.
• Discourse is conversation between the text and the reader.
• Rhetoric is a term for all of the strategies, modes, and devices a writer employs.
• There are four major modes of discourse:
• Rhetorical strategies are used to develop the modes of discourse:
— comparison and contrast
— cause and effect
• Practice each of the rhetorical strategies.
• Style is the unique writing pattern of a writer.
• Style comprises:
— subject matter
— selection of detail
— point of view
• Practice with stylistic devices.
• Review words that describe tone.
• Review “connective tissue”:
— subject consistency
— tense consistency
— voice consistency
• Practice using active and passive voice.
• Practice recognizing pacing in professional writing and in your own essays by sentence variety:
• Utilize rubrics to gauge your essays.