AP English Language
Review the Knowledge You Need to Score High
• Argument can be ethical, emotional, or logical.
• Inductive reasoning forms generalizations.
• Deductive reasoning reaches conclusions based on given premises.
• A premise is a proven proposition or one that is taken for granted.
• A syllogism is the format of a formal argument:
— All A is C.
— B is A.
— Therefore, B is C.
• Logical fallacies are mistakes in reasoning.
• Read editorials and ads to try to locate any fallacies that may be present.
• Do practice exercises with induction and deduction and analogy.
• All argument has a rhetorical context: the writer, the occasion, and the audience.
• When reading arguments, locate judgments and find supporting evidence.
• Be certain to recognize and to separate fact from interpretation.
• Evaluate the argument according to the given rubrics.
• When writing an argument, make certain to:
— address the prompt
— take a position
— state your thesis
— develop your position with evidence