Practice Makes Perfect: Spanish Pronouns and Prepositions, Premium 3rd Edition (2016)

Part I. PRONOUNS

Chapter 9. Direct object pronouns

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The direct object answers the question “What?” or “Whom?” with regard to the verb in a sentence or clause. Consider the sentence, “John has the book.” One can ask, “What does John have?” “John has the book”; thus, “the book” is the direct object. The direct object pronoun “it” can therefore replace the direct object noun in the sentence: “John has it.”

In the sentence, “John sees Mary,” one can ask, “Whom does John see?” “John sees Mary”; thus, “Mary” is the direct object. The direct object pronoun “her” can replace “Mary” in the sentence: “John sees her.”

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Pronoun placement in affirmative sentences

In an affirmative statement or clause with one verb, the direct object pronoun immediately precedes the conjugated verb.

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Complete each sentence with the correct direct object pronoun.

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Traducción

  1I love you. _______________________

  2I love him. _______________________

  3He loves me. _______________________

  4I see you [sing., informal]. _______________________

  5I know you [sing., formal]. _______________________

  6She sees him. _______________________

  7I drink it [m.]. _______________________

  8I have it [f.]. _______________________

  9You [sing., informal] have it [m.]. _______________________

10She has them [m.]. _______________________

11You love me. _______________________

12I love her. _______________________

13They love us. _______________________

14You [sing., informal] see me. _______________________

15You [pl., informal] know me. _______________________

16We see her. _______________________

17They eat it [f.]. _______________________

18I want it [m.]. _______________________

19We want it [f.]. _______________________

20We have them [f.]. _______________________


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Respond to each of the following questions with a complete sentence, using a direct object pronoun. Respond to items 4 through 14 in the affirmative.

  1. ¿Dónde compras la ropa? ______________________________

  2. ¿Dónde compras los libros? ______________________________

  3. ¿Dónde estudias español? ______________________________

  4. ¿Conoces al presidente de los Estados Unidos? ______________________________

  5. ¿Tomas un café cada día? ______________________________

  6. ¿Comprendes esta lección? ______________________________

  7. ¿Lees la revista Teenbeat?

  8. ¿Lees el periódico cada día? ______________________________

  9. ¿Haces la cama cada día? ______________________________

10. ¿Conoces la capital de España? ______________________________

11. ¿Ves las estrellas ahora? ______________________________

12. ¿Comes mucho pan? ______________________________

13. ¿Miras las telenovelas (soap operas)? ______________________________

14. ¿Lees poemas románticos a menudo? ______________________________


Pronoun placement in negative sentences

In a negative sentence or clause with one verb, the direct object pronoun is placed between the word “no” (or other term of negation) and the conjugated verb.

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Traducción Unless otherwise indicated, use the second-person singular Spanish form for English you.

  1I don’t have it [m.]. ______________________________

  2She doesn’t see it [f.]. ______________________________

  3I don’t know him. ______________________________

  4You don’t know me. ______________________________

  5They don’t buy it [f.]. ______________________________

  6He doesn’t write it [m.]. ______________________________

  7They don’t read them [m.]. ______________________________

  8She doesn’t earn it [m.]. ______________________________

  9I don’t wear it [m.]. ______________________________

10We don’t see you. ______________________________

11You don’t have it [f.]. ______________________________

12They don’t see it [m.]. ______________________________

13He doesn’t know me. ______________________________

14They don’t know us. ______________________________

15We don’t use it [m.]. ______________________________

16She doesn’t read it [m.]. ______________________________

17We don’t sing them [f.]. ______________________________

18You [pl., formal] don’t have it [m.]. ______________________________

19You never wear them [m.]. ______________________________

20You never see us. ______________________________


Pronoun placement in affirmative sentences with two verbs

In a statement or clause that contains two verbs, the first verb is conjugated and the second one remains in the infinitive form. There are two options for placement of the direct object pronoun in Spanish.

1. Place the direct object pronoun immediately before the first verb, which is conjugated.

2. Attach the direct object pronoun directly to the second verb, which is the infinitive form of the verb.

Note that both options are used in writing and in conversation; however, the second option is used more frequently.

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Complete each sentence with the correct direct object pronoun attached to the infinitive.

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Traducción Translate each sentence into Spanish, making changes for the direct objects as follows: For items 1 through 5, place the direct object pronoun before the conjugated verb; for items 6 through 10, attach the direct object pronoun to the infinitive.

  1He wants to see me. ___________________________________

  2She wants to kiss him. ___________________________________

  3You [sing., informal] should eat them [m.]. ___________________________________

  4They have to do it [f.]. ___________________________________

  5We want to meet them [f.]. ___________________________________

  6She has to sing it [f.]. ___________________________________

  7I should read it [m.]. ___________________________________

  8I want to see you [sing., informal] tomorrow. ___________________________________

  9They need to have it [m.] by (para) tomorrow. ___________________________________

10Juan can see us. ___________________________________


Pronoun placement in questions and negative sentences with two verbs

For both questions and negative statements that have two verbs, the direct object pronoun can be placed before the conjugated verb or attached directly to the infinitive, just as in affirmative sentences with two verbs.

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Traducción Translate each sentence into Spanish, attaching the direct object pronoun to the infinitive form. Unless otherwise indicated, use the second-person singular Spanish form for English you.

  1Do you want to see it [f.] with me?

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  2Are you going to eat it [m.]?

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  3Should we drink it [f.] now, or should we put it in the refrigerator?

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  4Can we eat it [m.], or should we throw it into (a) the garbage?

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  5You shouldn’t put them [m.] in the living room.

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  6If you don’t want to have it [f.], you should put it in the box and return (devolver) it.

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  7I can’t wear them [m.] to a formal party.

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  8Why can’t you see me?

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  9You don’t have to do it [m.] today.

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10Do you want to open them [f.] in the morning and close them in the evening?

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Traducción Translate each sentence into Spanish, placing the direct object pronoun before the conjugated verb. Unless otherwise indicated, use the second-person singular Spanish form for English you.

  1I don’t want to see you [m., pl., formal] tonight.

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  2You shouldn’t return (devolver) it [f.].

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  3Why can’t you say it [m.] ?

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  4We are not going to see her at (en) the library.

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  5She can’t throw them [f.] in (a) the garbage. She should recycle (reciclar) them.

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  6When can I see them [f.]?

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  7If you don’t want to hear it [m.], you can turn off (apagar) the radio.

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  8Where do you want to store (guardar) them [m.]? Can we put them here?

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  9Are you [pl., formal] going to sell it [f.]?

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10No, you cannot hit (golpear) him!

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Traducción

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I know that Marcos has my money, my shoes, and the table and chairs for my dining room. He thinks that I don’t know this, but, yes, I know it. First, the money. I know that he has it because I can see it in that drawer (over there). Second, the shoes. I need them, because if I don’t wear them, I can’t run fast or (ni) jump well. Third, the table. I don’t know why (por qué) he has it or (ni) why he wants it. I want to put it in my new house. He believes that the chairs are his, but it’s not true. They are mine. And I want them now.

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