Practice Makes Perfect: Spanish Pronouns and Prepositions, Premium 3rd Edition (2016)

Part I. PRONOUNS

Chapter 3. Prepositional pronouns

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Standard prepositional pronouns

The pronouns that follow prepositions are nearly identical to the subject pronouns. The only change comes with the first- and second-person singular forms  and ti. In this context,  takes an accent over the i to distinguish it from mi, the possessive adjective, which means “my.”

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Note that after a preposition, the word ello means “it” when the referent is an object, event, or idea that is either masculine or neuter; use ella for a feminine referent.

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The following exercise includes several frequently used prepositions. For fuller discussion and a more complete vocabulary listing of prepositions, consult Part II, Prepositions.

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Use these prepositions in translating the following sentences. Unless otherwise indicated, use the second-person singular Spanish form for English you.

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  1He has a book for me. __________________________________________

  2I have a gift for you. __________________________________________

  3What do you have for me? __________________________________________

  4The table is from her. __________________________________________

  5I buy my books from them. __________________________________________

  6She runs ahead of us. __________________________________________

  7You are behind him. __________________________________________

  8He lives near me. __________________________________________

  9The carpet (la alfombra) is underneath us [f.]. __________________________________________

10He lives near you [pl.]. __________________________________________

11He writes a book about her. __________________________________________

12We walk behind them. __________________________________________

13She dances to the right of me. __________________________________________

14They work to the left of you. __________________________________________

15The food is in front of us. __________________________________________


Pronouns with con

Certain pronouns undergo some changes when they follow the preposition con (“with”). Those changes are as follows:

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In situations where clarification is needed in the third person, the standard prepositional pronouns are used with con (“with”), as shown here:

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In the first- and second-person singular,  and ti become conmigo and contigo.

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In the third person (both singular and plural), consigo is typically used when the object of the preposition refers to the subject.

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Use con plus the appropriate standard prepositional pronoun when the object of the preposition refers to someone other than the subject of the sentence.

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In the nosotros and vosotros forms, the subject pronoun and the prepositional pronoun are identical.

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Traducción Translate the following sentences. Use the indicators given to determine the appropriate Spanish form of you.

  1I’m with you [sing., informal]. ___________________________________________

  2You [sing., formal] are with me. ___________________________________________

  3She’s with him. ___________________________________________

  4He’s with her. ___________________________________________

  5I work with you [sing., informal] now. ___________________________________________

  6They live with me. ___________________________________________

  7Does she study with you [sing., informal]? ___________________________________________

  8Who lives with you [pl., formal]? ___________________________________________

  9Why don’t you [sing., informal) want to work with him? ___________________________________________

10I want to speak with you [sing., formal]. ___________________________________________

11He lives with us. ___________________________________________

12She always takes the keys (la llave) with her. ___________________________________________

13They [m.] never take the keys with them. ___________________________________________

14The force (la fuerza) is with you. ___________________________________________

15Why don’t you [sing., formal] take the umbrella (el paraguas) with you? ___________________________________________

16Why don’t they [f.] take the umbrella with them? ___________________________________________


Subject pronouns with prepositions

There are six prepositions that take a subject pronoun—even in the first- and second-person singular—instead of the standard prepositional pronouns.

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The prepositions exceptomenos, and salvo, all of which mean “except,” can, for the most part, be used interchangeably.

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Traducción Translate the following sentences into Spanish. Unless otherwise indicated, use the second-person singular Spanish form for English you.

  1There are twenty people here, including you and me.

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  2According to her, money can buy happiness (la felicidad).

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  3Between you, me, and the grand piano (el piano de cola), this painting is ghastly (espantoso).

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  4I think (creer) that everybody (todo el mundo) here speaks German, except me.

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  5Between us and them, we have enough (suficiente) money.

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  6Everyone (todos) here is outraged (escandalizado), including me.

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  7Everyone in the neighborhood (la vecindad) has a swimming pool (la piscina), except us.

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  8We are in a lot of trouble (tener muchas dificultades), according to me.

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  9Everybody is ready (listo), except you [sing., formal].

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10According to them, it is possible to live on Mars (Marte).

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Reflexive pronouns following a preposition

When you do something for yourself, it is called a reflexive action, because the action is reflected back to the performer of the action. (For a more complete discussion of reflexive pronouns, see Chapter 11, Reflexive object pronouns.) A reflexive action can be expressed either with a reflexive pronoun alone or with a PREPOSITION + PRONOUN. When a preposition is used—in the examples given below, we use the preposition a (“to”)—then the pronouns that follow the preposition are as shown below:

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Traducción Translate the following sentences into Spanish.

  1I buy the car for (para) myself [m.].

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  2He does everything for (para) himself.

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  3They do everything by (por) themselves [m.].

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  4She hurts (perjudicar a) herself when she tells a lie (la mentira).

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  5You [f. pl., informal] only (sólo) hurt yourselves.

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  6I write notes (la nota) to myself [f.] in order to (para) remember (recordar) the things that I need to do.

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  7You should have time for (para) yourself [m.] every day.

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  8She always buys a gift for herself on her birthday.

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  9When I travel, I send my purchases (la compra) to myself [f.] through the mail (por correo).

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10You [m. sing., formal] can’t sell your house to yourself. It’s ridiculous!

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Traducción Translate the following paragraph into Spanish.

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Pedro is my friend. I am very happy, because he lives next door to me. A raccoon lives underneath my house. Between you [pl.] and me, I think that raccoons are interesting animals. I’m reading a book about them now. Usually the raccoon lives in a tree, but I am lucky because my house is on top of this raccoon. According to Pedro, the raccoon is part of the bear family, and he believes that if he sees the animal in front of him, it’s “good-bye, world.” When Pedro leaves (from) or enters (into) my house, he always looks to the left and then to the right.

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