How to Prepare for Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension for the CAT (2014)

Part 2: Verbal Ability

Section 1: Vocabulary

Chapter 1. Word List I—High Frequency Words

In this chapter, we will discuss words that are frequently asked in CAT examinations. The treatment has been done in such a manner that the meaning is given first, followed by the synonym (noted by the letter S) and antonym (noted by the letter A).

No.

Word

Definition

A

1.

abandon

to give up

   

S: Desert, Forsake, Leave

   

A: Retain unrestrained activity, Exuberance

2.

abase

to humiliate

   

S: Scorn, Belittle, Degrade

   

A: Exalt, Cherish

3.

abate

to lessen; to subside

4.

abbreviate

to shorten

   

S: Abridge, Condense

   

A: Expand, Prolong

5.

abdicate

to give up formally

   

S: Resign, Renounce

   

A: Retain, Uphold

6.

abdication

giving up control, authority

7.

aberration

straying away from what is normal

8.

abet

to assist (normally a crime)

   

S: Conspire, Connive

   

A: Dissuade, Deter

9.

abhor

to hate; to detest

10.

abide

be faithful; to endure

11.

abjure

promise or swear to give up

12.

ablution

washing

13.

abridgement

a short summary

   

S: Outline, Abbreviation, Summary, Abstract

   

A: Enlargement, Expansion

14.

abscond

to go away suddenly (to avoid arrest)

15.

abstruse

difficult to comprehend; obscure

16.

abysmal

extremely bad

17.

abyss

a bottomless pit, anything too deep to measure

   

S: Chasm.

   

A: Summit, Elevation

18.

accede

agree to

   

S: Assent, Concur

   

A: Refuse, Dissent

19.

acclaimed

welcomed with shouts and approval

20.

accolade

praise; approval

21.

accost

to approach and speak to

   

S: Greet

   

A: Shun, Avoid

22.

accredit

to approve, certify

23.

acomplice

a partner in crime

24.

acquaint

to inform, to make familiar

25.

acquit

to clear (a person) of a charge

26.

acrid

sharp (as in speech)

27.

acrimony

bitterness or harshness of speech or manner

28.

acronym

word formed from the initial letters of a group of words.

29.

acumen

Keenness of mind, Insight

30.

adage

An old saying, Proverb

31.

adamant

inflexible

32.

addle

to become rotten; to become confused

33.

adduce

to offer as example, reason or proof

34.

adjudicate

to settle judicially

35.

adjure

to beg; appeal

36.

admonish

to warn, reprove mildly

   

S: Censure, Rebuke

   

A: Applaud, Praise, Compliment

37.

admonitory

containing warning

38.

ado

fuss, trouble

   

S: Bustle, Commotion

39.

adorn

add beauty; decorate

40.

adroit

skilful and clever

   

S: Proficient, Dextrous

   

A: Awkward, Dull

41.

adulteration

making impure, poorer in quality

42.

advent

an arrival, coming

43.

adventitious

coming from another source and not innate

44.

adversary

enemy, opponent

45.

adversity

misfortune, troubled state

   

S: Distress, Ill luck

   

A: Fortune

46.

advert

to call attention to, refer to

47.

aeon

eternity, immeasurable period

48.

affable

polite and friendly

49.

affinity

close connection, relationship

50.

affirm

to declare positively, to confirm

   

S: Assert, Declare, Assure

51.

agape

the mouth open wide with surprise

52.

aggravate

make worse; irritate

53.

agile

active; quick-moving

54.

agog

eager; excited

55.

ail

trouble; be ill

56.

alacrity

eager and cheerful readiness

57.

alcove

recess; partially enclosed place

58.

alienate

cause to make unfriendly, to distance oneself.

   

S: Estrange

   

A: Familiarise

59.

allay

to calm, quieten

   

S: Soothe, Pacify

   

A: Agitate, Kindle

60.

allegiance

duty; support; loyalty

61.

alleviate

make (pain) easier to bear

62.

allocate

to set apart for a specific purpose.

63.

alloy

mixture of two or more metals

64.

allure

to tempt with something desirable

   

S: Lure, Inveigle

   

A: Repel, Deter, Discourage

65.

aloof

reserved; indifferent

66.

amalgamate

mix, combine, unite

67.

ambient

Surround on all sides

68.

ambiguous

doubtful; uncertain

69.

amble

leisurely walk

70.

amiable

good natured

   

S: Gentle, Pleasing, Charming

   

A: Sullen, Churlish, quarrelsome

71.

amicable

friendly, peaceful

   

A: Warlike, Argumentative

72.

amnesia

partial or total loss of memory

73.

amorphous

without definite form

   

S: Undefinable

   

A: Crystalline, definite

74.

analogy

similarity in some way

75.

anarchy

absence of government, political disorder

   

A: Order, Discipline

76.

ancillary

helping, subordinate

77.

anguish

severe suffering

78.

animosity

feeling of strong dislike

   

S: Enmity, Hostility, Rancour, Animus

   

A: Amiability, Friendliness

79.

annihilate

to destroy completely

80.

annuity

a fixed sum paid every year

81.

annul

to do away with

   

A: Enforce

82.

anoint

to put oil on as part of a ceremony

83.

anomaly

departure from the usual

   

S: Abnormality

   

A: Normality

84.

anon

soon

   

A: Normality

85.

antidote

medicine used against a poison or a disease

86.

apiary

a place where bees are kept

87.

appease

make quiet or calm

88.

appraise

to assess the value, evaluate

   

S: Assess

89.

apprehensive

unhappy feeling about future; anxious

90.

apprise

give notice; to inform

91.

arcade

a covered passage (especially lined with shops)

92.

arcane

secret, mysterious

93.

archaic

ancient, old-fashioned

94.

archives

collection of the historical records or documents of a government or organisation

95.

arid

dry and barren, dull

   

S: Parched, Dry, Bare

   

A: Lush, Fertile

96.

arrogance

proud superior manner of behaviour

97.

articulate

to express oneself in words clearly

98.

articulate

speak distinctly; connect by joints

99.

artefact

a hand-made object

100.

ascend

go or come up

101.

ascendancy

dominance

102.

ascertain

get to know

103.

ashen

deadly pale

104.

asterisk

the star-shaped symbol (*)

105.

astringent

substance that shrinks

106.

atheism

the belief that there is no god

107.

atonement

repayment, death of Jesus, make amends

108.

attune

bring into harmony

109.

audacious

daring; foolishly bold; impudent

110.

august

majestic; venerable

111.

auspicious

favorable; successful; prosperous

112.

austere

severely moral and strict; simple and plain

113.

auxiliary

helping; supporting

114.

aver

affirm; assert; prove; justify

115.

aversion

strong dislike

116.

avid

eager; greedy

117.

avow

admit; declare openly

B

118.

babble

to talk foolishly or like a small child.

   

S: Prattle, Chatter, Palaver

   

A: Wisdom, Wit, Prudence

119.

bacchanalia

orgy, wild-drunken party

120.

backlog

an accumulation or reserve

121.

badger

to nag, annoy, an animal

122.

bait

to persecute; piece of food put in a trap to attract

123.

baleful

harmful; ominous; causing evil

124.

balk

obstacle; purposely to get on the way of

125.

banal

trite, commonplace

   

S: Inane, Vapid

   

A: Fresh, Original, New

126.

barbaric

Primitive, Uncivilised, Cruel

   

S: Savage, Inhuman, Tyrannical

   

A: Civilised, Humane, Cultured

127.

barrage

heavy attack

128.

barrage

artificial obstacle built across a river

129.

barren

not good enough; unable to have young ones, without value

130.

bashful

easily embarrassed

   

S: Shy, Diffident

   

A: Bold, Adventurous, Arrogant

131.

bask

enjoy warmth and light

132.

beacon

a light used for warning or guiding

133.

benediction

something that promotes goodness or well-being

134.

benefactor

person who has given help

135.

benevolence

wish or activity in doing good

136.

benign

kind and gentle; mild (climate)

137.

berate

scold sharply

138.

bereave

to leave in a sad or lonely state, as by death

139.

bereft

rob or dispossess of something (material)

140.

berserk

in or into a violent rage or frenzy

   

S: Wild, Frenzied

   

A: Calm, Tranquil

141.

besiege

to overwhelm, surround

142.

besotted

made silly or stupid by love

143.

bestial

like a beast

   

S: Brutish, Savage, Barbaric

   

A: Civilised, Cultured, Learned

144.

bewilder

puzzle; confuse

145.

bigot

stubborn; narrow-minded person

146.

bizarre

odd, grotesque

   

S: Eccentric, Unexpected

   

A: Plain, Commonplace

147.

bland

uninteresting

148.

blast

explosion; gust of wind

149.

blatant

boldly conspicuous or obtrusive

   

A: Obscure, Subtle, Hidden

150.

blatant

noisy and rough

151.

blemish

to mar or spoil, a defect

   

S: Flaw, Imperfection

   

A: Embellishment

152.

bogus

sham; counterfeit; not genuine

153.

boisterous

loud; noisy; rough; lacking restraint

154.

bolster

give greatly needed support

155.

boorish

crude; offensive; rude

156.

brainchild

a person’s own idea

157.

brash

hasty; rush; cheeky; saucy

158.

brass

an alloy of copper and zinc

159.

bravado

pretended courage or feigned confidence

   

A: Cowardice

160.

bravura

boldness, dashing style

161.

brazen

shameless, bold

   

S: Daring

   

A: Submissive, Humble

162.

breach

a violation, gap; opening; broken place; breaking

163.

brittle

easily broken

164.

broach

bring up; announce; begin to talk about

C

165.

cacophony

harsh sound

166.

cajole

use flattery or deceit; to persuade

167.

callous

hardened, unyielding

   

S: Obdurate, Insensible

   

A: Compassionate, Sympathetic

168.

camaraderie

friendship

169.

camouflage

A disguise in order to conceal

170.

candid

frank; straightforward

171.

canon

a basic law or principle by which something is judged.

172.

cant

insincere talk; tilt; overturn

173.

canvass

discuss thoroughly; sort of touting; try to get votes or support

174.

cardinal

principal, chief, most important

   

S: Fundamental, Vital

   

A: Insignificant, Negligible, Minor

175.

caricature

an exaggerated imitation of a person

   

S: Exaggeration, Parody, and Mimicry

   

A: Reality

176.

catalyst

substance that causes speeding up

177.

cataract

a large waterfall; en eye disease

178.

catholic

comprehensive; universal

179.

caustic

biting; sarcastic

180.

cede/cession

to surrender possession of, especially by treaty

181.

celerity

rapidity of motion or action

182.

celestial

of the heavens and sky

   

S: Heavenly, Divine

   

A: Mortal, Earthly, Terrestrial

183.

celibacy

complete sexual abstinence, the state of being unmarried

   

A: Matrimony

184.

censure

expression of blame or disapproval; a rebuke

185.

chaff

to tease good-naturedly; grain husk

186.

charismatic

possessing spiritual grace, inspiring

   

A: Uninspiring

187.

chisel

steel tool for shaping materials

188.

chromatic

of colour

189.

circumscribe

to draw line around; to limit

190.

clamor

shout; complain with a lot of noise

191.

clerical

of the clergy or clerk

192.

clientele

customers

193.

clinch

settle conclusively

194.

cling

to resist separation; hold tightly

195.

clot

half-solid lump formed from liquid

196.

coax

get somebody to do something by kindness

197.

coerce

compel or force to make obedient

198.

cognizant

being fully aware of

199.

collusion

secret agreement for a deceitful purpose

200.

comatose

of, like or in a coma, lethargic

   

S: Unconscious

   

A: Alert

201.

combustion

process of burning

202.

comely

attractive

203.

commuter

person who travels regularly

204.

compatible

getting along or going together

   

A: Opposite, Intolerant

205.

conceal

hide; keep secret

206.

concede

to admit as true, accept

   

S: Surrender, Admit, Own

   

A: Deny, Refuse, Disagree

207.

conceited

having an excessively high opinion of oneself

208.

concise

brief and to the point

   

S: Compact, Short, Terse

   

A: Diffuse, Repetitive, Wordy

209.

concord

agreement or harmony

210.

concur

agree in opinion; happen to-gether

211.

condense

increase in density, strength; make short

212.

condone

forgive

213.

conduct

manage, to lead

   

S: To direct, To transmit or convey, Guide

   

A: Desert, Abandon, Forego

214.

congenial

kindred, compatible

215.

conjure

to summon as if by magic

216.

connive

to pretend not to look (at crime, etc.), Assist.

217.

conspicuous

easily seen; remarkable

218.

constrain

compel

219.

constrict

make tight or smaller

220.

construe

to interpret, to analyse

   

S: Translate, Explain

221.

consume

get to the end of; eat

222.

conviction

firm belief

223.

cordial

warm and sincere

224.

correlate

have a mutual relation

225.

corroboration

additional strengthening evidence

226.

countenance

to favor or approve of

227.

counterfeit

forgery

228.

covetous

eagerly desirous

229.

cower

crouch; shrink back

230.

coy

shy, modest (esp of a girl)

231.

crass

stupid

232.

crease

line made by crushing white line on the ground in cricket; crush

233.

cringe

to behave in an excessively servile way; flinch

234.

cryptic

secret; with a hidden meaning

235.

cumbersome

burdensome; heavy and awkward to carry

236.

cupidity

greed; lust

237.

curriculum

course of study

238.

cursory

quick, hurried

239.

curtail

make shorter than was planned

D

240.

dabble

to play in water as with hands

241.

daft

silly, inane

   

S: Idiotic, Foolish

   

A: Profound, Wise, Intelligent

242.

dainty

pretty, delicate (food); difficult to please

243.

dally

to deal carelessly (with), trifle

244.

dearth

shortage

245.

debacle

a breakup; overthrow; sudden disaster

246.

debutante

a girl making her social debut

247.

deciduous

ephemeral; of a tree shedding its leaves annually

248.

decisive

that settles a dispute

   

A: Indecisive

249.

declaim/

to speak pompously or bombas-

 

declamation

tically; protest laudly

250.

decorum

propriety; properness

251.

decree

order given by authority

252.

decry

disapprove of

253.

defer

to postpone; to yield due to respect

   

S: Delay, Adjourn

   

A: Expedite, Hasten, Quicken

254.

defiance

open disobedience or resistance

255.

defile

to pollute, to corrupt

   

A: Glorify

256.

definitive

conclusive, final

   

S: Precise

   

A: Vague, Confused

257.

deft

skilful

   

S: Adept, Dexterous, Agile

   

A: Awkward, Clumsy, Inept

258.

demean

to degrade

   

S: Humble

   

A: Honour, Revere

259.

demur

to hesitate; raise objections

260.

demure

decorous, modest

   

S: Coy, Shy

   

A: Brazen, Impudent, Shameless

261.

denizen

an inhabitant or frequenter of a particular place

   

S: Citizen

   

A: Alien, Foreigner

262.

denounce

condemn publicly

263.

deplete

use until none remains

264.

depreciate

to lessen in value

   

S: Undervalue, Lower, Decry

   

A: Boost, Raise, Praise

265.

derivative

unoriginal; obtained from another source

266.

derogatory

insulting; tending to damage

267.

desiccant

substance used to absorb moisture

268.

despicable

deserving scorn

   

S: Low, Mean, Cowardly

   

A: High, Noble, Exalted

269.

despot

An absolute ruler

   

S: Tyrant

   

A: Democrat

270.

deter

discourage; hinder

271.

detraction

slandering; verbal attack; aspersion

272.

detriment

damage

   

S: Harm, Hurt, Injury

   

A: Advantage, Gain, Interest

273.

deviance

being different in moral standards (from normal)

274.

devious

not direct, roundabout, Not honest

   

S: cunning, Underhand

   

A: Straightforward, Honest

275.

dexterity

skill (esp. in handling)

276.

diffidence

shyness

277.

dilapidated

falling to pieces (due to a severe earthquake)

278.

dilate

speak comprehensively; become wider, large

279.

dilatory

intended to delay

280.

disabuse

to free from error

281.

disallow

refuse to allow or accept as correct

282.

discern

see with an effort but clearly

283.

discomfit

confuse; embarrass

284.

discompose

to destroy the composure of

285.

discord

disagreement, quarrel, lack of harmony between musical notes

286.

discourse

speech; lecture

287.

discredit

refuse to believe

288.

discreet

careful, prudent

289.

discrete

individually distinct

290.

discretion

the freedom to make decisions

291.

disdain

look on with contempt

292.

disinter

dig up from the earth; reveal

293.

dislodge

remove from the place occupied

294.

dismal

sad; gloomy; miserable

295.

disparate

essentially different

296.

disproof

proof to the contrary

297.

dissemble

speak or behave so as to hide something (in mind)

298.

dissent

have a different opinion; refuse to assent

299.

dissipate

waste or squander

300.

dissolute

marked by indulgence in vices

301.

dissolution

disintegration; looseness in morals

302.

distraught

distracted violently; upset in mind

303.

divergence

getting farther apart from a point

304.

divulge

make known something secret

305.

dogmatic

positive; certain; arbitrary; without room for discussion

306.

dolt

stupid fellow

307.

dormant

in a state of inactivity but awaiting development

308.

dote

show much fondness; center one’s attention

309.

drawl

slow way of speaking

310.

drone

male bee; person who isn’t self-employed

311.

drowsiness

feeling sleepy; half asleep

312.

drudge

to do hard, menial or monotonous work

313.

dubious

feeling doubt or causing doubt

314.

dud

useless person; something that fails

315.

dupe

cheat; make a fool of

316.

duplicity

deliberate deception

317.

dwarf

person or somebody much below the usual size

318.

dynamo

a generator; something that produces electric current

E

319.

earthenware

dishes made of baked clay

320.

earthy

coarse, unrefined behaviour, of the earch

   

A: Cultured, Refined

321.

eddy

circular or spiral movement (e.g., of wind), a current

322.

edible

fit to be eaten; not poisonous

323.

efficacy

production of a desired result

324.

egoism

selfishness

   

A: Asceticism

325.

egotism

excessive reference to oneself in speaking or writing

   

S: Egoism, Conceit

   

A: Humility

326.

egress

way out; exit

327.

elaborate

worked out with much care, in great detail

328.

elan

spirited self-assurance

   

S: Vivacity, Enthusiasm, Exuberance

   

A: Sobriety, Depression

329.

elegiac

Sad, Mournful

   

A: Happy

330.

elegy

a lament; a melancholy composition

331.

elicit

draw out

332.

eloquence

fluent speaking; skillful use of language

333.

emaciate

make thin and weak

334.

emanate

to come forth, Issue, as from a source

   

S: Emerge, Originate

   

A: Stop

335.

embark

Begin a journey or endeavor

336.

embellish

make beautiful

337.

embezzle

use in a wrong way for one’s own benefit

338.

emend

To make scholarly corrections in a text

   

S: Correct, Revise, Rectify

   

A: Corrupt, Debase, Spoil

339.

emote

stir up; excite

340.

emulate

to try to equal or surpass; copy

341.

encapsulate

enclose in capsule

342.

encumbrance

burden, things that get in the way of

343.

endearing

making dear or liked

344.

endorse

write one’s name on the back of

345.

enduring

lasting

346.

engrave

impress deeply, carve

347.

engrossing

taken up all the time or attention; writing in large or formal way

348.

engulf

swallow up

349.

enmity

hatred; being an enemy

350.

ennui

boredom

351.

enormity

of great size, number, etc. huge; a serious crime

   

S: Vast, Immense

   

A: Smallness, Insignificance

352.

ensign

flag; badge

353.

entangle

put into difficulties; involve as in a tangle

354.

enthrall

please greatly; enslave (fig.)

355.

entice

tempt or persuade

356.

entreat

ask earnestly

357.

enunciate

pronounce (words); express a theory

358.

enzyme

catalyst

359.

eon

an extremely long, indefinite period of time

360.

epitome

representative example; a typical model

361.

equable

steady; regular

362.

equilibrium

state of being balanced

363.

eradicate

get rid of; pull up by the roots

364.

erratic

irregular in behaviour or opinion

365.

erudite

learned; scholarly

366.

espouse

marry; give one’s support to

367.

etiquette

the forms, manners, etc. conventionally acceptable or required in society, profession, etc.

368.

eulogy

formal praise; panegyric

369.

euphoria

elation; state of pleasant excitement

370.

euthanasia

easy and painless death

371.

evasive

tending to evade

372.

evoke

call up; bring out

373.

exasperate

to irritate

   

S: Exacerbate, Provoke

   

A: Mollify, Placate, Conciliate

374.

excerpt

a passage or extract from a book, film or piece of music

375.

exhaustive

complete; thorough

376.

exigency

emergency; an urgent situation

377.

exorbitant

much too high or great

378.

expedient

likely to be useful for a purpose

379.

exploit

brilliant achievement; develop, use selfishly

380.

extempore

without previous thought or preparation

381.

extinct

no longer active

382.

extinguish

end the existence of; wipe or put out

383.

extol

praise highly

384.

extort

obtain by threats, violence

385.

extrovert

cheerful person

F

386.

fallacious

based on error

387.

falter

waver; move in an uncertain manner

388.

fanciful

imaginary

389.

fawn

young deer; try to win some-body’s favor

390.

feign

to pretend

   

S: sham, dissemble, simulate, counterfeit

391.

felon

person guilty of murder

392.

femur

thighbone, longlegs bone extending from the pelvis to the knee

393.

ferment

undergo fermentation; become excited, commotion

394.

ferocity

savage cruelty

395.

fervor

warmth of feelings; earnestness

396.

feud

bitter quarrel over a long period of time

397.

fidelity

loyalty; accuracy

398.

fidget

move restlessly; make nervous

399.

figurehead

carved image on the brow of a ship; nominal leader

400.

finesse

delicate way of dealing with a situation

401.

finical

too fussy about food, clothing, etc.

402.

finicky

finical

403.

fission

splitting or division (esp. of cells)

404.

fixate

stare at

405.

flak

criticism; anti-aircraft guns

406.

flamboyant

brightly colored; florid

407.

flaunting

show off complacently

408.

flax

pale; yellow (hair); a plant

409.

fleet

number of ships; quick-moving

410.

flop

fail; move; fall clumsily

411.

florid

very much ornamented; naturally red (e.g., of face)

412.

flout

reject, mock; to go against (as in going against tradition)

413.

fluke

lucky stroke

414.

fluster

make nervous or confused

415.

foil

prevent from carrying out; contrast

416.

foment

put something warm (to lessen the pain)

417.

foolproof

incapable of failure or error

418.

forbear

refrain from; be patient; ancestor

419.

forbearance

patience; willingness to wait

420.

forensic

belonging to courts of judicature

421.

forerunner

a sign that tells or warns of something to follow

   

S: Herald, Harbinger, Predecessor

   

A: Successor, Offspring

422.

forfeit

suffer the loss of something

423.

forge

workshop for the shaping of metal; to shape metal lead

424.

forgery

counterfeit

425.

forte

that which one does particularly well

426.

forthright

direct and frank

   

S: Outspoken, Straightforward

   

A: Obscure, Veiled

427.

foster

nurture; care for

428.

fragile

easily injured, broken or destroyed

429.

frantic

wildly excited with joy; anxiety

430.

fraternal

brotherly

431.

fraudulent

based on or using fraud

   

S: Cheating, Deceitful

   

A: Honest

432.

fray

to wear out by use, cloth etc.

   

S: frazzle, tatter

433.

frenzied

wildly, insanely, excited

   

S: wild, frantic, hysterical

434.

fret

worry; irritation; wear away

435.

fringe

edge; ornamental border; part of hair over the forehead

436.

frolicsome

light-hearted, gay

   

S: playful, pranks

437.

frugal

careful; economical

438.

futile

useless

   

S: Trifling, Trivial, Vain

   

A: Effective, Satisfactory, Fruitful

G

439.

gala

a festivity, celebration, commemoration

440.

gale

cyclone, hurricane, storm, tempest

441.

gallant

brave, noble, attentive to ladies, amorous

442.

gallivant

(derogatory) to go about from one place to another in search of pleasure

443.

galvanise

to stimulate

444.

gambol

frolic, play

445.

gamut

the entire range or extent

   

S: Range, Scope, Purview

446.

gape

to stare with open mouth, to be wide open

   

S: Gawk, ogle, peer

447.

garish

gaudy

   

S: Ostentatious

   

A: Sober, Modest

448.

garment

article of clothing

449.

garnish

to decorate

   

S: Embellish, Adorn, Beautify

   

A: Spoil, Disfigure, Impair

450.

gasket

a layer of packing material like a sheet of asbestos, etc. used for making gas-tight joints

451.

gasp

to gape for breath

452.

gawk

to stare stupidly

453.

gawky

clumsy

   

S: Awkward, Ungainly

   

A: Elegant

454.

generic

of a whole class, kind or group

   

S: Typical, Characteristic, Common

   

A: Individual, Particular

455.

genteel

polite or well bred

   

S: Polished, Refined, Cultured

   

A: Rough, Coarse, Ill-bred

456.

gentry

people of the upper class

457.

gesticulate

to make lively gestures

   

S: Signal, Pantomime

458.

gibe

An insulting remark

   

S: Scoff, Sneer, Mock

   

A: Praise, Exalt, Applaud

459.

gild

to cover with gold or gold-like substance; gift

460.

girth

circumferential measure of thickness

461.

gist

the point; general sense

462.

gleam

to glow or shine, to flash

463.

glib

ready and smooth but not sincere

464.

glimmer

weak, unsteady light, twinkle

465.

gloss

brightness, polish, radiance, luster, shine

466.

gnarled

contorted, twisted, weather-beaten, knotty

467.

gnaw

waste away; bite steadily

468.

goad

something urging a person to action

469.

gorge

eat greedily; narrow opening with a stream

470.

gouge

tool for cutting grooves in wood; scoopout

471.

grave

serious; requiring consideration

472.

gravel

an assemblage of stones

473.

graze

touch or scrape lightly in passing, feed on grass

474.

grievous

causing grief or pain; serious

475.

grimace

make a distorted face

476.

grit

persistence, stamina, pluck, determination

477.

grovel

crawl; humble oneself

478.

grueling

exhausting

479.

grumpy

peevish

   

S: Morose, Irritable, Surly

   

A: Amicable, Gentle

480.

guild

an association for mutual aid/ help

481.

guise

external appearance, manner, behaviour, dress

482.

gullible

easily tricked

483.

gush

burst out suddenly; talk ardently

484.

gust

outburst of feeling; sudden rain, wind, fire, etc.

485.

gyrate

To move in a circular or spiral path

   

S: Spin, Whirl, Rotate

H

486.

hack

cut roughly; hired horse

487.

hardihood

resolute; courage and fortitude

488.

harmonious

having parts arranged in an orderly, pleasing way

   

S: Agreeable, Concordant, Congruous

   

A: Dissonant, Opposed, Incompatible

489.

haughty

arrogant; conceited

490.

heady

intoxicating

491.

heed

attention; give notice to

492.

heinous

odious (of crime)

493.

hematology

the study of blood and its diseases

494.

hereditary

of, or passed down by inheritance from an ancestor

   

S: Inherited, Congenital

495.

heresy

belief contrary to what is generally accepted

496.

hermaphrodite

a person, animal or plant with sexual organs of both male and female

497.

heterogeneous

made up of different kinds

498.

heyday

the time of greater vigor, prosperity etc.

499.

hibernate

to spend the winter in a dormant state (of animals), to be inactive

500.

highbrow

(person) with superior tastes

501.

hinder

to keep back, stop

   

S: Impede, Obstruct, Prevent

   

A: Help, Assist, Further

502.

hinterland

The land away from a river

503.

hirsute

hairy; shaggy

504.

hoax

mischievous trick played on somebody for a joke

505.

hobnob

To be on close terms (with the government)

   

A: Alienate, Estrange

506.

homicide

the killing of one person by another

507.

hone

stone used for sharpening tools, sharpen

508.

hoodwink

trick; mislead

509.

hospitable

to give hospitality, welcoming to guests

510.

hush

make or become silent

511.

husk

worthless outside part of anything (seed, fruit, etc.)

512.

hypocrisy

falsely making oneself appear to be good

I

513.

icon

an image, figure, statue

514.

idealism

behaviour or thought based on a conception of things as one thinks they should be

515.

ignoramus

an ignorant person

   

S: Dunce, Dolt, Dope

   

A: Genius, Prodigy, Scholar

516.

illegible

hard or impossible to read because badly written or printed

   

S: Unreadable, Indecipherable

   

A: Legible, Readable, Decipherable

517.

illicit

unlawful; forbidden

518.

illusion

an unreal or misleading appearance or image

   

S: Fantasy, Image

   

A: Reality, Fact

519.

immaculate

pure; faultless

520.

imminent

likely to come or happen soon

521.

immune

exempt from or protected against something harmful

   

S: Exculpate, Reprieve

   

A: Condemn, Convict, Blame

522.

impair

worsen; diminish in value

523.

impassioned

filled with passion or zeal

524.

impassive

unmoved feeling; no sign of passion

525.

impeach

to accuse; to charge with a crime

526.

impede

hinder; get in the way of

527.

impending

imminent; being about to happen; expected

528.

imperative

urgent; essential

529.

impermeable

that cannot be permeated

530.

impertinent

given to insolent rudeness

531.

imperturbable

calm; not capable of being excited

532.

impervious

not allowing to pass through (of materials)

533.

implacable

incapable of being placated; unpleasable

534.

implicit

implied though not plainly expressed

535.

improvise

to compose and perform without preparation

   

S: Extemporise, Invent, Compose

536.

impudent

rash; indiscreet

537.

inane

silly; senseless

538.

inasmuch

since; because

539.

incandescent

white, glowing or luminous with intense heat

540.

incarcerate

to put in prison; to confine

541.

incense

make angry

542.

inception

Act of beginning, Start

   

S: inauguration, Beginning, Origin

   

A: Termination, End, Finish

543.

incessant

often repeated; continual

544.

incise

engrave; make a cut in

545.

incite

stir up; rouse

546.

incoherent

Not logically connected, Disjointed

   

S: Confused

   

A: Clear, Vivid

547.

incongruous

out of place; not in harmony or agreement

548.

incredible

seeming too unusual to be possible

549.

inculcate

fix firmly by repetition

550.

indeterminate

indefinite

   

A: Definite, Clear

551.

indignant

feeling or expressing anger especially at unjust or mean action

   

S: Anger, Wrath, Scorn

   

A: Calm Cool, Patient

552.

indiscreet

to open in what one says or does

   

S: Brash, Rash, Reckless

   

A: Wise

553.

indistinct

not easily heard, seen

554.

indolence

laziness

555.

indomitable

not easily discouraged or subdued

556.

induct

to place formally in an office, a society, etc.

   

S: Install, Initiate

557.

indulge

gratify; give way to; satisfy; allow oneself

558.

indulgent

inclined to indulge

559.

inebriated

intoxicated

   

S: Drunk, Tipsy

   

A: Sober, Teetotal

560.

inept

unskillful; said or done at the wrong time

561.

ineptitude

quality of being unskillful

562.

infirm

Weak from age

   

S: Weak, Languid, Feeble

   

A: Strong, Powerful, Tough

563.

inflammatory

rousing excitement, anger, etc.

   

S: Incendiary, Infuriating

   

A: Reconciling. Mitigating

564.

inflict

to cause (wounds, pain etc.) suffering

565.

infringe

To break (a law or pact)

   

S: Transgress, Violate, Trespass

566.

infuriate

fill with fury or rage

567.

infuse

put; pour; fill

568.

ingenious

clever, resourceful

   

S: Skillful, Inventive

   

A: Unskilled, Awkward, Dull

569.

ingest

take in by swallowing

570.

ingress

the act of entering; entrance

571.

inhibition

restraint, reserve

   

S: Repression, Ban, Opposition

   

A: Approval, Permission, Accordance

572.

inimitable

defying imitation; unmatchable

573.

insane

mentally ill or deranged, Not sane

   

S: Mad, Delirious, Frenzied

   

A: Sound, Sane, Normal

574.

insensible

unconscious; unresponsive; unaffected

575.

insignia

distinguishing marks as emblems of rank

   

S: Sign

576.

insipid

without taste or flavor

577.

insolent

boldly disrespectful, rude

   

S: Impudent, Impertinent, Offensive

578.

insolvent

unable to pay debts; impoverished

579.

interim

as an installment, provisional

580.

intimate

to announce; to suggest or hint, close to (as in relations)

581.

intractable

not easily managed or controlled; unruly

582.

inundate

flood; cover by overflowing

583.

irate

angry

584.

ire

anger

585.

irksome

tiresome

586.

irresolute

hesitating; undecided

J

587.

jab

sneer, taunt, belittle

588.

jabber

To talk quickly and incoherently

589.

jabber

talk excitedly; utter rapidly

590.

jacuzzi

a special type of bath mechanism where water is agitated to give extra invigoration

591.

jaded

bored, satiated, dulled

   

S: inferior, wearied, listless, exhausted

   

A: refreshed, strengthened

592.

jagged

uneven, rough edged, notched

593.

jeer

to make fun of, deride; scoff; mock

594.

jerk

a spasmodic muscle movement;

595.

jester

clown; buffoon

596.

jibe

gibe; make fun of

597.

jittery

jumpy; nervous; shaky; anxious

598.

jockey

to manoeuvre, to position of advantage; horse rider

599.

jocular

meant as a joke

600.

jolt

to shake with a sudden jerk; startle

601.

jostle

to hustle; to elbow

602.

jovial

joyous; full of geniality

603.

jubilant

shouting with joy; rejoicing

604.

jubilation

celebration; elation; euphoria; exultation

605.

judicious

sound in judgment; wise

606.

junk

rubbish; garbage; trivia; trash

607.

junta

a group of men united for some secret intrigue

608.

jurisdiction

legal authority; extent of power

609.

juvenile

young; childish; youthful; immature

K

610.

keen

intense, sharp, vivid, acute

611.

keep-sake

gift, usually small and often not very costly, that is kept in memory of the giver

612.

kennel

house for dogs, a pack of hounds

613.

keynote

(i) The basic idea or Ruling principle

   

S: Theme, Nub (ii) Musical Note

614.

killjoy

One who destroys or lessens other people’s enjoyment

615.

kiln

a furnace or oven for drying, burning or baking bricks, pottery, etc.

616.

kimono

a traditional dress of Japan

617.

kin

relative, family related as by blood

618.

kindergarten

school for infants

619.

kindle

to set fire to

   

S: light, inflame, ignite

   

A: extinguish, discourage, snuff-out

620.

kingpin

chief, don, boss

621.

kiosk

a small stall for the sale of newspapers, etc.

622.

kit

apparatus, gear, outfit

623.

kith

kith and kin; friends and relations

624.

kitty

pool of money to be played for

625.

knack

dexterity, talent, proficiency, ability

626.

knit

draw together; unite firmly

627.

kudos

credit for achievement, glory, fame

L

628.

lacklustre

(of eyes) dull

629.

lag

(i) To fall behind, Not keep pace, Move slowly (ii) Imprison, Arrest (iii) A piece of non-conductive cover of a boiler to prevent heat transfer

630.

lament

show, feel great sorrow

631.

languish

To become weak, Droop, Be unhappy

632.

languid

without vigour or vitality

   

S: Pensive, Drooping, Lethargic

   

A: Brisk, Lively, Vivacious

633.

languor

Lack of vigour or vitality

634.

latent

present but not visible or active; the latent force of an atomic bomb

   

S: dormant, potential

635.

lavish

giving or producing freely, liberally or generously

636.

legacy

something handed down from ancestors

637.

lethal

causing death

   

S: Deadly, Fatal

   

A: Harmless

638.

lewd

pertaining to lust, indecent

   

S: Obscene, Lustful, Licentious

   

A: Pure, Chaste

639.

liberality

free giving; generosity

640.

limp

lacking strength; walking unevenly

641.

limpid

transparent; absolutely serene and untroubled

642.

lingo

a dialect, jargon etc., that one is not familiar with

643.

listless

characterised by lack of interest, energy or spirit

644.

lithe

bending, twisting

645.

litigate

to contest in a lawsuit

646.

livid

(i) Discoloured by a bruise, Black and blue (ii) Furiously angry

   

S: Discoloured, Angry

647.

loathe

To feel intense dislike or disgust for

   

S: Detest, Abhor, Abominate

648.

loll

rest; to sit or stand in a lazy way; hang (dog’s tongue)

649.

lucid

clear, readily understood

   

S: Clear, Intelligible

   

A: incomprehensible, irrational, Illegible

650.

lull

become quiet or less active

651.

lumber

move in a clumsy, noisy way

652.

luminary

star; light-giving body

653.

lurk

be out of view, ready to attack

654.

lustrous

being bright, polished

M

655.

machination

plot; scheme (esp. evil)

656.

maestro

a master in an art, especially a great conductor or composer of music

657.

magnanimous

generous

   

A: Selfish, Mean, Miserly

658.

magnate

important person in any field

659.

malady

disease, Illness

   

S: Illness, Disorder, Ailment

660.

malice

active ill will, desire to harm another

   

S: Spite, Grudge, Hatred

   

A: Benevolence, Goodwill

661.

malign

injurious; speak ill of somebody; tell lie

662.

malinger

to fake illness or injury in order to shirk a duty

663.

malleable

yielding easily; can be moulded; adapting

664.

malodorous

producing a bad odour, stinking

   

S: foul, Noxious

   

A: fragrant

665.

mandatory

authoritatively commanded

   

S: Compulsory

666.

massacre

cruel killing of a large number of people

667.

matriculation

be admitted, enter a university as a student

668.

maul

hurt by rough handling

669.

mediocre

ordinary, Average

670.

melancholy

very sad and depressed state

   

S: Dispirited, Sorrowful

   

A: Happy, Merry

671.

mendacity

dishonesty

672.

mendicant

a beggar

673.

mercurial

quick, changeable in character; fleeting

674.

mesmerise

hypnotise

675.

metamorphosis

transformation

   

S: Conversion, Change

676.

meticulous

giving great attention to details

677.

mettle

quality of endurance or courage

678.

mettlesome

courageous; high-spirited

679.

mince

pronounce or speak affectedly; euphemise; pound to a pulp

680.

mischievous

harmful; causing mischief

681.

miscreant

heretical; villainous

682.

miser

person who loves wealth and spends little; frugal

683.

missive

letter

684.

moderation

quality of being limited; not extreme

685.

mollify

make calmer or quieter

686.

molt

moult; lose hair, feathers before new growing

687.

morbid

diseased; unhealthy (e.g., about ideas)

688.

mordant

biting and caustic; incisive

689.

morose

ill-tempered, unsocial

690.

muffler

cloth worn round the neck; silencer

691.

multifarious

varied; motley; greatly diversified

692.

mundane

worldly as opposed to spiritual; commonplace; everyday

693.

myriad

very great number

N

694.

nadir

lowest, weakest point

695.

nag

to find fault with

696.

naive

Unaffectedly simple

   

S: Artless, Innocent, Unsophisticated,

   

A: Cunning, Shrewd, Sly

697.

narcotic

a drug such as morphine, used to relieve pain and induce sleep

   

S: Dope, Opiate, Drug

   

A: Stimulant

698.

nascent

coming into existence; emerging

699.

natal

of or relating to one’s birth

   

A: Mortal

700.

nautical

of sailors, ships or navigation

701.

negligent

taking too little care

702.

nervy

bold or brash; nervous

703.

neurotic

having neurosis (a functional derangement caused by disorder of the nervous system)

   

A: Sane, Poised, Rational

704.

nexus

a connection, tie or link

705.

nibble

take little bites

706.

nocturnal

of or in the night

707.

nomenclature

the system of naming used in a science, etc.

   

S: Terminology

708.

nonentity

a person or thing of little or no importance

709.

notorious

widely known especially unfavourably

   

S: ill-famed, Infamous, Dis-honourable

   

A: Good, Virtuous, Honest

710.

noxious

harmful

711.

nuptial

of marriage or wedding

O

712.

obese

corpulent, fat

713.

oblivious

unaware; having no memory

714.

obnoxious

odiously or disgustingly objectionable

715.

obstinate

determined to have one’s own way, Stubborn

   

S: Head-Strong

   

A: Obliging, Yielding, Flexible

716.

obtain

to be established; accepted or customary

717.

obtrusive

projecting; prominent; undesirably noticeable

718.

obtuse

blunt; stupid

719.

occluded

blocked up

720.

octogenarian

a person between the ages of eighty and ninety

721.

odious

repulsive; hateful

722.

odium

contempt; dislike; aversion

723.

odor

smell; favor; reputation

724.

offal

waste or by-product of a process; rubbish

725.

ogle

to keep looking at flirtatiously

726.

ominous

threatening

727.

onus

a burden, unpleasant duty etc.

728.

opaqueness

dullness; not allowing light to pass through

729.

opinionated

holding obstinately to one’s opinions

   

S: Obstinate, Dogmatic

   

A: Open-minded

730.

opportune

suitable, said of time

   

S: Appropriate

   

A: Untimely, Unsuitable, Inappropriate

731.

opulent

Having much wealth. rich

   

S: Affluence, Wealth

   

A: Poverty, Penury, Frugality

732.

outlandish

very odd or strange

   

S: Strange, Odd, Peculiar

   

A: Normal, Well mannered

733.

overhaul

examine thoroughly; to learn about the condition

P

734.

palate

roof of the mouth; sense of taste

735.

palatial

magnificent

736.

palliate

lessen the severity of

737.

palpability

can be felt, touched, understood

738.

paradigm

a model; example or pattern

739.

paraphrase

express meaning in different words

740.

parasol

umbrella used as a sunshade, especially by women

741.

pariah

an outcast; a rejected and despised person

742.

partisan

one-sided; committed to a party; biased or prejudiced

743.

pathos

emotion of sympathetic pity

744.

patron

regular customer; person who gives support

745.

paucity

scarcity; a lacking of

746.

pedestrian

commonplace; trite; unremarkable, person who walks

747.

peevish

bad-tempered; irritable

748.

penchant

strong inclination; a liking

749.

penitent

feeling or showing regret

750.

penurious

poor; stingy

751.

penury

extreme poverty

752.

perilous

dangerous

753.

perish

be destroyed; decay

754.

perky

cheerful and lively

755.

permeate

spread into every part of

756.

pernicious

harmful; injurious

757.

perpetrate

be guilty; commit (a crime)

758.

perquisite

gratuity or tip

759.

personable

pleasing in appearance; attractive

760.

pertain

belong as a part; have reference

761.

pervade

diffuse

762.

pest

destructive thing or a person who is a nuisance

763.

petrified

power (to think, feel, act) taken away, scared

764.

petrify

to make hard, rocklike; frighten

765.

phoney

not genuine

766.

piety

the quality of being religious

767.

pinch

be too tight; take between the thumb and finger

768.

pine

waste away through sorrow or illness

769.

pious

dutiful to parents; devoted to religion

770.

pitfall

covered hole as a trap; unsuspected danger

771.

pith

essential part; soft liquid substance; inner core of stems in plants.

772.

pivotal

of great importance (others depend on it)

773.

placate

soothe; pacify; calm

774.

placid

serenely free of interruption or disturbance

775.

plaintive

mournful melancholy; sorrowful

776.

plaque

flat metal on a wall as a memorial

777.

plea

request

778.

plead

address a court of law as an advocate

779.

plethora

excess

780.

pliant

pliable; easily bent, shaped or twisted

781.

plod

continue doing something without resting

782.

pluck

pull the feathers off; pick (e.g., flowers)

783.

plunge

move quickly, suddenly and with force

784.

poncho

large piece of cloth

785.

portent

omen; marvellous; threatening

786.

postulate

to claim; to assume as true, existent or necessary

787.

prattle

chatter; to utter or make meaningless sounds

788.

precarious

uncertain; risky; dangerous

789.

precipitous

steep

790.

précis

concise summary

791.

precursory

preliminary; anticipating

792.

predominate

have more power than others

793.

preen

tidy; show self-satisfaction

794.

premature

doing or happening of something before the right time

795.

preponderance

greatness in number, strength, weight

796.

prevalent

common

797.

prim

neat; formal

798.

pristine

primitive; unspoiled; pure as in earlier times

799.

procrastination

to keep putting off

800.

prodigal

wasteful; reckless with money

801.

prodigy

a person with a special talent

802.

profuse

abundant; lavish

803.

progeny/

descendants; children

 

progenitor

 

804.

prone

prostrate; inclined to (undesirable things)

805.

propagation

increasing the number; spreading; extending

806.

provident

frugal; looking to the future

807.

provisional

of the present time only

808.

provoke

make angry

809.

prudence

careful; forethought

810.

prudish

easily shocked; excessively modest

811.

prune

dried plum; silly person, shorten

812.

pry

inquire too curiously

813.

pseudonym

a false name

814.

pummel

to pound or beat

815.

pungency

sharpness; stinging quality

816.

pungent

marked by a sharp incisive quality; caustic

817.

punitive

inflicting, involving or aiming at punishment

818.

pyre

large pile of wood for burning

Q

819.

quack

person dishonestly claiming

820.

quaff

drink deeply

821.

qualm

feeling of doubt; temporary feeling of sickness

822.

quash

to annul, cancel, smother

823.

queer

odd, strange, bizarre, erratic

824.

quell

suppress; subdue

825.

quench

satisfy, satiate, allay

826.

quilt

banquet cover, warmer

827.

quip

A witty or sarcastic remark

   

S: Sally, Retort, Jest

828.

quirk

habit or action peculiar to somebody or something

829.

quorum

minimum number of people who have to be present to make the vote valid

R

830.

rabble

mob; crowd; the lower classes of populace

831.

racket

a noisy confusion

   

S: Noise, Clamour, Commotion

   

A: Peace, Quietude, Harmony

832.

racy

full of zest or vigor; piquant

833.

rake

dissolute person; libertine, sweep, an instrument to gather leaves, etc.

834.

rally

(i) To come together to support (ii) Give new strength (iii) Gathering or assembly (iv) A contest of motor vehicle endurance

835.

ramble

to move aimlessly from place to place

836.

rampant

widespread, raging

837.

rancid

having the bad smell or taste of stale fats or oils, Spoiled

   

S: Stinking, Offensive, Decaying

   

A: Sweet, Fresh, Fragrant

838.

ransack

to plunder, Pillage

   

S: Rummage

   

A: Restore, Compensate, Redress

839.

rant

use extravagant language

840.

rapport

sympathetic relationship, Harmony

   

S: Accord

   

A: Hatred, Enmity, Animosity

841.

rarefy

to make thin, less dense; to purify or refine

842.

ratify

to approve and sanction formally

843.

rave

act with excessive enthusiasm

844.

reactionary

opposing progress

845.

rebuff

snub

846.

recast

cast or fashion anew

847.

reciprocity

granting of privileges in return for similar

848.

recitals

a number or performance of music

849.

recluse

person who lives alone and avoids people

850.

reconcile

settle a quarrel; restore peace

851.

recourse

turning to someone or something for help

852.

redeem

get back by payment; compensate

853.

refine

make or become pure, cultured

854.

regale

to delight or entertain; to feast

855.

rehabilitate

to put back to useful life

   

S: Restore, Cure

   

A: Ruin, Destroy

856.

rejoinder

An answer especially to a reply,

   

S: Answer, Retort, Reply

857.

rejuvenation

becoming young in nature or appearance

858.

relapse

fall back again

859.

reluctant

unwilling, disinclined

   

S: Unenthusiastic, Opposed

   

A: Willing, Eager, Ready

860.

render

deliver; provide; represent

861.

renovate

restore something to better condition

862.

renowned

celebrated; famous

863.

repast

meal

864.

repel

refuse to accept; cause dislike

865.

reproach

scold; upbraid

866.

repulsive

causing a feeling of disgust

867.

resigned

unresisting; submissive

868.

resort

to frequently visit

869.

retard

check; hinder

870.

revere

have deep respect for

871.

reverent

feeling or showing deep respect

872.

riddle

puzzling person or thing

873.

rift

split; crack; dissension

874.

roll

call; calling of names

875.

ruffian

violent, cruel man

S

876.

sadism

Seeking pleasure from hurting others

877.

salient

Conspicuous, Prominent

   

S: Outstanding

   

A: Hidden

878.

sallow

of a grayish greenish yellow color

879.

salutary

remedial; causing improvement

880.

sanction

approval (by authority); penalty

881.

sanctuary

a holy place or a place of refuge or protection

882.

sanity

health of mind; soundness of judgement

883.

sardonic

disdainfully or skeptically humorous; sarcastic

884.

sash

long strip worn round the waist

885.

satiate

satisfy fully

886.

saucy

rude, impudent

   

S: Insolent

   

A: Modest, Humble

887.

savor

taste, flavor something

888.

sawdust

tiny bits of wood

889.

scent

smell (esp. pleasant)

890.

scorch

become discolored; dry up; go at high speed; to burn

891.

scribble

write hastily

892.

scurvy

disease due to deficiency of vitamic C

893.

secede/ secession

to withdraw from an organisation

894.

secular

material (not spiritual); living outside monasteries; worldly

895.

sedate

sober, serious and unemotional; calm and composed

   

S: Serene

   

A: Mercurial, Frivolous

896.

sedentary

marked by much sitting

   

A: Peripatetic

897.

sediment

matter that settles to the bottom of liquid

898.

seduce

to tempt into wrong-doing

   

S: Allure, Inveigle, Entice

   

A: Protect, Guide, Discourage

899.

self-contained

complete within itself

900.

semblance

outward appearance

   

S: Likeness, Form

901.

sequence

succession; connected line of

902.

sermon

reproving a person for his faults

903.

serrated

having a toothed edge

904.

servile

like a slave; lacking independence

905.

sever

break off

906.

severance

severing

907.

shallow

little depth; not earnest

908.

shambles

a scene of great destruction or disorder

   

S: Mess, Muddle

   

A: Order

909.

sheath

cover for the blade of a weapon or a tool

910.

shrewd

astute; showing sound judgement

911.

shrill

sharp; piercing

912.

shun

keep away from; avoid

913.

shunt

send from one track to another; lay aside

914.

sidestep

step to one side, dodge

915.

silt

a fine-grained sandy sediment carried or deposited by water

916.

skeptic

one who habitually questions matters generally accepted

917.

sketchy

Rough or rapid

918.

skit

short piece of humorous writing

919.

slack

sluggish; dull; not tight

920.

slate

kind of blue-grey stone; propose; criticize

921.

slither

to sleep, slide or glide along

922.

sluggard

lazy, slow-moving person

923.

slur

join sounds, words (indistinct)

924.

smirk

to smile in a conceited and complacent way

925.

smoulder

burn slowly without flame

926.

smug

annoyingly self-satisfied or complacent,

   

S: Self-satisfied

927.

snare

trap

928.

snide

slyly malicious or derisive

   

S: Sneer, Slyness

   

A: Praising, Eulogising

929.

snub

treat with contempt

930.

soar

rise; fly high

931.

sober

self-controlled

932.

sobriety

quality or condition of being sober

933.

soggy

heavy with water

934.

solitude

being solitary or alone, seclusion

   

S: Loneliness

   

A: Society

935.

solvent

of the power of forming a solution

936.

somatlc

of the body, physical

937.

soot

black powder in smoke

938.

sophisticated

complex; subtle; refined

939.

spartan

hardy, warlike, disciplined

940.

spleen

feelings of anger or ill will; often suppressed

941.

sponge

porous rubber for washing; live at other’s expense

942.

sporadic

happening or appearing in isolated instances

   

S: Infrequent

   

A: Constant, Prevalent, Continue

943.

spruce

neat and in a smart way

   

S: Neat

   

A: Untidy, Slovenly

944.

spurious

counterfeit

945.

spurn

have nothing to do; reject or refuse

946.

squabble

to quarrel noisily over a small matter

   

S: Wrangle, Dispute, Quarrel

947.

squander

spend wastefully

948.

squat

crouch; settle without permission

949.

staid

sober, sedate

   

S: Serious

   

A: Excited

950.

standing

status or reputation (figurative)

951.

stationary

still, motionless

952.

stationery

writing material

953.

steeply

rising or falling sharply

954.

stigma

mark of shame or disgrace

955.

stigmatise

describe somebody scornfully

956.

stilted

artificially formal or dignified

   

S: Stiff, Unnatural

   

A: Casual, Informal

957.

sting

something sharp

958.

stingy

spending, using unwillingly

959.

stint

to be thrifty; to set limits

960.

stray

wander; lose one’s way

961.

streak

long; thin; move very fast

962.

stride

walk with long steps

963.

strut

a supporting bar; swagger

964.

subdue

overcome; bring under control

965.

subjugate

to conquer; to subdue

966.

sublime

extreme; astounding

967.

submerge

put under water, liquid; sink out of sight

968.

suffice

be enough

969.

suffocate

cause or have difficulty in breathing

970.

suffrage

short prayer usually in a series; right of voting

971.

sullied

to be stained or discredited

972.

summarily

briefly; without delay

973.

summary

done without delay or formality

974.

sundry

various; miscellaneous; separate

975.

superannuate

to become retired; to become obsolete

976.

supercilious

disdainful; characterised by haughty scorn

977.

superfluous

more than is needed or wanted

978.

superimpose

put something on the top

979.

supersede

take the place of

980.

suppress

prevent from being known; put an end to

981.

surcharge

additional load; charge

982.

surveillance

watch kept over a person, especially a suspect

   

S: Supervision, Invigilation

983.

sustenance

nourishment, support

984.

swagger

To walk with a bold, arrogant stride

985.

swerve

change direction suddenly

986.

symbiosis

the living together of two kinds of organisms to their mutual advantage

987.

syndrome

a set of symptoms characterising a disease or condition

988.

synopsis

summary or outline

T

989.

taboo

any social restriction

   

S: Forbidden

   

A: Permit, Allow, license

990.

tacit

unspoken, silently understood

   

A: Explicit, Verbal

991.

tactile

perceptible by touch

992.

tadpole

form of a frog when it leaves the egg

993.

talisman

a ring, stone, etc. bearing engraved figures supposed to bring good luck, avert evil, etc.

994.

tamper

interfere with

995.

tangential

suddenly changeable

996.

tantrum

a violent outburst of rage etc.

997.

tarnished

lost brightness

998.

tassel

bunch of threads

999.

taunt

contemptuous reproach; hurtful remark

1000.

taut

tightly stretched

1001.

tawdry

cheap; gaudy; showy; tacky

1002.

tawny

brownish-yellow, tan

1003.

tedious

Long and dull

   

S: Slow, Wearisome, Fatiguing

   

A: Light, Hearty, Cheerful

1004.

teem

to be prolific, abound, swarm

1005.

teetotal

opposed to alcohol

1006.

temperate

showing self-control

1007.

tentative

done as a test, not final

   

A: Established, Certain

1008.

tepid

lukewarm

1009.

theatrical

designed for effect, Show, Unnatural

   

S: Dramatic

1010.

therapeutic

serving to cure or heal or to preserve health

1011.

thesaurus

a book of synonyms and antonyms

1012.

thespian

(i) Having to do with drama (ii) An actor

1013.

thickset

Thick in body, stocky

1014.

threshold

the beginning point

   

S: Beginning, Start

   

A: End

1015.

thrift

care; economy; thriving; prosperous

1016.

thwart

obstruct; frustrate

1017.

timid

shy; easily frightened

1018.

titanic

of great size, strength or power

   

S: Gigantic, lmmense

   

A: Tiny, Small

1019.

tonic

something giving strength or energy

1020.

topple

be unsteady and overturn

1021.

torment

severe pain or suffering

1022.

tortuous

devious; not straightforward

1023.

totalitarian

designating or of a government in which one political group maintains complete control, especially under a dictator

1024.

tout

person who worries others to buy something, to use his service

1025.

traumatic

an emotional shock having a lasting psychic effect

   

S: Unpleasant, Agonising

   

A: Titillating

1026.

tremor

trembling

   

S: Shaking, Fearful

   

A: Brave

1027.

trickle

flow in drops

1028.

trifling

unimportant

1029.

troupe

a group especially of actors, singers etc.

1030.

truant

one who shirks his duties

   

S: Vagrant, idler, Shirker

1031.

trustworthy

Worthy of trust, Reliable

   

S: Dependable, Honest

   

A: Vacillating, Undependable

1032.

turbulence

being uncontrolled; violent

1033.

turgid

excessively ornate; swollen or bloated

1034.

turmoil

state of extreme confusion, agitation or commotion

1035.

turmoil

trouble; disturbance

1036.

turquoise

greenish-blue precious stone

U

1037.

ulterior

situated beyond

1038.

ultimatum

a final offer or demand as in negotiations

1039.

uncanny

mysterious, astonishing, strange, bizarre

1040.

uncouth

rough; awkward

1041.

underbid

make a lower bid than somebody else

1042.

undermine

weaken gradually at the base

1043.

undertone

quiet voice, murmur, whisper

1044.

undo

loosen, open, unfasten

1045.

unearth

discover and bring to light

1046.

unexceptionable

not open to objection or criticism

1047.

unexceptional

dull, commonplace, typical, ordinary

   

A: Exceptional

1048.

unfeigned

not pretended; sincere

1049.

unilateral

of occurring on, or affecting one side only

1050.

unison

agreement, Harmony

   

S: Accord

   

A: Discord, Enmity

1051.

unprecedented

never having happened, not known before

1052.

unrivalled

With no equal, unmatched

1053.

unruffled

Calm, not anxious

1054.

unruly

wild, with no discipline, defiant, indomitable

1055.

unscathed

unharmed; unhurt

1056.

unseemly

inappropriate; indecorous

1057.

untoward

unfortunate; inconvenient

1058.

upheaval

A sudden, violent change

1059.

uphill

(i) Up a slope (ii) Laborious, Tiring

   

S: Arduous, Difficult

   

A: Easy

1060.

uprising

a revolt against the rulers,

   

S: Insurrection

   

A: Submission

1061.

uproar

Violent

   

S: Confusing, Chaos

   

A: Peace, Calm, Tranquility

1062.

upsurge

an increase, rise

1063.

urbane

elegant; refined in manners

1064.

urchin

a mischievous child

1065.

usurp

to take possession by force

1066.

utopia

an imaginary ideal place

V

1067.

vacillation

being uncertain; hesitating

1068.

vain

without use, result; conceited

1069.

valiant

brave

1070.

vamp

Flirtatious woman, coquette, seductress, temptress

1071.

vandal

person who destroys property for the pleasure of destruction

1072.

vanity

pride, disdain, narcissism

1073.

varnish

Adornment, decoration, polish, display

1074.

vat

a large vessel

1075.

veer

change direction

1076.

vendetta

private quarrel between families

1077.

venom

poison, toxin, bane, acrimony, ill will, malice

1078.

veracity

truth

1079.

verdant

fresh and green

1080.

verdict

judgement, decision, ruling

1081.

verve

spirit; vigor; enthusiasm

1082.

vestige

trace or sign

1083.

veterinary

Referring to treatment of sick animals

1084.

vex

annoy; distress; trouble

1085.

vice

evil, iniquity, sin, wickedness, depravity

   

S: foible, dishonesty

1086.

vicious

evil, wild, violent, fierce

1087.

vigilance

watchfulness; self-appointed group that maintains order

1088.

vigilant

member of a vigilance committee, alert, watchful

1089.

vigorous

strong; energetic

1090.

vile

extremely unpleasant, wicked, wretched

1091.

vilify

slander; say evil things

1092.

vindicate

to free from allegation or blame; to justify

1093.

vindictive

having a desire to revenge

1094.

vintage

old, ancient, antique, Collecting of grapes to make wine

1095.

virile

manly, masculine, stalwart

1096.

visceral

of the internal organs of the body

1097.

viscous

sticky; semi-fluid

1098.

vitiate

lower the quality; weaken the strength

1099.

vivacious

lively; high-spirited

1100.

volatile

changeable; inconstant

1101.

volition

power of choosing or determining

1102.

voluptuous

full of pleasure to the senses

W

1103.

wag

merry person

1104.

warmonger

person who stirs up war

1105.

warrant

authority; written order; guarantee

1106.

wean

to turn away (from a habit)

1107.

whimsical

full of odd and fanciful ideas

1108.

wince

show bodily or mental pain

1109.

woo

try to win

1110.

wrangle

to dispute angrily or peevishly

1111.

writ

written order

Y

1112.

Yarn

tale, story, fibers for knitting

Z

1113.

zeal

intense enthusiasm, ardour, fervour

   

S: Easements

   

A: Apathy, Indifference

1114.

zenith

the highest point

   

S: Pinnacle, Summit

   

A: Base, Nadir

1115.

zest

(i) keen enjoyment (ii) stimulating quality

   

S: Gusto

   

A: Depression, Despondency