How to Prepare for Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension for the CAT (2014)

Part 2: Verbal Ability

Section 1: Vocabulary

Chapter 3. Word List III—Low Frequency Words

In this chapter, we will discuss “low-frequency” words—in other words, words that are not regularly appearing in the vocabulary part of the CAT. Here even, the treatment has been done in such a manner, the meaning is given first, followed by the synonym (noted by the letter S) and antonym (noted by the letter A).

No.

Word

Definition

A

1.

accolade

honor, award

2.

accoutrement

equipment

3.

acephalous

headless, having no leader

4.

acolyte

assistant, beginner

5.

adscittious

supplemental, adopted form

6.

afflatus

inspiration, divine revelation

7.

affusion

pouring on (Particularly of water)

8.

aficionado

devotee or fanatic of any sport / past time

9.

agnate

(One who is) descended by male links from same male ancestor

10.

ala-mode

Fashionable (of clothes and ideas)

11.

allegro

rapid, Quick

12.

altruism

unselfish concern for the welfare of others

   

S: Unselfishness

   

A: Egocentricity, Selfishness

13.

amanuensis

A secretary, Literary assistant

14.

amazon

A female warrior, tall, strong or athletic women

15.

anagnorisis

recognition

16.

animadvert

to comment adversely

   

S: Criticise, Censure

   

A: Praise, Eulogise, Approbate

17.

antebellum

existing before a war

18.

antediluvian

made a long time ago

19.

anthropomorphic

having human characteristics

20.

antiquary

student or collector of antiques

21.

aperitif

an alcoholic drink taken before a meal

22.

aphorism

concise statement of a principle

23.

apocalypse

revelation of the future

24.

apocryphal

of doubtful authenticity

   

S: Spurious, counterfeit,

   

A: Authentic, Original

25.

apologist

one who defends or attempts to justify a doctrine, faith, action, etc.

26.

apostasy

Abandoning of what one believed in

27.

apostasy

renunciation of a religion

28.

apothecary

A person who prepares and sells medicines

29.

apotheosis

most perfect development of something, A declaration that a person has become a god

   

S: Consecration, Glorification, Deification

   

A: Desecration

30.

apotheosis

deification; glorification to godliness

31.

appellation

identifying name or title

32.

apposite

appropriate, fitting

   

A: Irrelevant

33.

arabesque

a complex ornate design

34.

arboreal

of or connected with trees

35.

arraign

to bring before a law court to answer charges, to call to account

   

S: Accuse, Charge

   

A: Excuse, Condone, Acquit

36.

arrogate

to clinch or seize without right

   

A: Abdicate, Surrender

37.

arroyo

a gully

38.

aspersion

slander

39.

assiduous

diligent; hard-working; sedulous

40.

atavism

resemblance to remote ancestors

41.

atelier

artist’s workroom

42.

atrabilious

ill-tempered

   

A: Happy, Good-tempered

43.

atticism

extreme elegance of speech

B

44.

bacchanalian

drunken revelry

45.

bailiff

A law officer who collects property of those who cannot pay debts; A person employed as the manager of an estate, An official who keeps order in a court

46.

bairn

a child

47.

banns

Proclamation made in church of an intended marriage

48.

barmecide

giver of benefits that are imaginary, Illusory

49.

baroque

having elaborate style, fashionable in architecture

50.

behemoth

any huge or powerful animal

51.

betrothed

engaged, Pledged to marry

52.

bibulous

addicted to or fond of alcoholic liquor

53.

billingsgate

foul, vulgar, abusive talk

54.

bionic

very strong, skilful

   

A: Weak, imbecile

55.

bivouac

a temporary encampment in the open

56.

blandishment

flattery, coaxing

57.

bludgeon

(N) A short club with a heavy end (V) To bully or coerce

58.

bluestocking

a woman pretending to have literary taste

59.

bodkin

a thick, blunt needle

60.

bonmot

a clever or witty remark

61.

buccaneer

Pirate

62.

bugbear

Source of annoyance or fear

   

S: Bugaboo

63.

bumptious

disagreeably conceited

   

A: Humble, Polite, Modest

64.

burgeon

grow forth; send out buds

65.

burgess

citizen broadly comic

66.

burlesque

any satirical invitation

   

S: Parody

C

67.

caboodle

whole group

68.

cachet

respect or admiration, prestige, Seat of approval, complete acceptance

69.

cadge

to beg; to get by begging

70.

callisthenics

athletic exercises

71.

canaille

mob, Multitude

72.

cantankerous

bad-tempered; quarrelsome

73.

carapace

Protective covering

74.

carousal

A noisy drinking party

   

S: Revelry, Saturnalia, Debauchery

   

A: Austerity, Sobriety

75.

carouse

to drink alcohol freely

76.

carteblanche

full discretionary power

77.

castigation

severe punishment

78.

casuistry

Subtle but false reasoning especially, about moral issues

   

S: Evasion, Sophistry

79.

cataclysm

Any sudden, violent, change

   

S: Catastrophe, Upheaval, Calamity

   

A: Blessing

80.

caveat

Warning, Proviso

81.

certitude

Sureness

   

S: Certainty, Inevitability

   

A: Uncertain, Unsure

82.

chagrin

Embarrassment due to disappointment

   

S: Failure, Annoyance, Shame

   

A: Delight, Glorification

83.

chicanery

legal trickery; false argument

84.

chimera

illusion or fabrication of the mind

85.

chutzpah

nerve; gall

86.

coda

passage that completes a piece of music

87.

cogitate

think deeply; mediate

88.

comestibles

food

89.

commiserate

to feel or show pity for

   

S: Condole, Sympathise

90.

compunction

feeling of regret for one’s action

91.

concatenate

Link together

92.

concussion

Impaired functioning especially of brain caused by a violent blow

93.

conjoin

to join together

94.

conscript

to enroll for compulsory service in armed forces

95.

consecrate

to bring something into religious use by a special ceremony

96.

contretemps

Confusing, Embarrassing or awkward occurrence

   

A: Good fortune, Good luck

97.

contrite

filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing

98.

contumacious

insubordinate; rebellious

99.

conundrum

a riddle; dilemma; enigma

100.

convalesce

to recover health gradually after sickness

101.

convoke

call together; summon

102.

cornucopia

abundant supply

103.

curmudgeon

bad-tempered person

D

104.

dastardly

mean, cowardly

105.

decapitate

to behead

106.

declivity

downward inclination

107.

decrepit

Broken down or worn out by old age or long use

   

S: Weak, Aged

   

A: Robust, Agile

108.

delectation

delight, enjoyment

109.

deleterious

harmful

110.

delinquent

said of young people showing a tendency to commit crimes

111.

delirium

A temporary mental disturbance as during a fever, marked by confused speech and hallucination

   

S: Mania, Frenzy, Insanity

   

A: Sanity, Normality

112.

demagogue

person appealing not to reasons

113.

denouement

an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot

114.

dereliction

deserting and leaving; to fall into ruins

115.

dereliction

forsaking of

   

S: Neglect (of duty)

   

A: Restoration

116.

descant

a tune usually sung or played at the same time as the main tune

117.

desideratum

something needed and wanted

118.

desuetude

cessation of use; disuse

119.

détente

lessening of tension, especially between nations

120.

detumescence

diminishing or lessening of swelling

121.

didactic

intended to teach; preachy

122.

dilettante

one who is not an expert

123.

discountenance

refuse to approve of

124.

dissimulate

to hide one’s feelings

125.

dissonance

discord

126.

ecclesiastical

of the church or the clergy

127.

echelon

a level of authority or responsibility; A formation of troops or ships

E

128.

ecumenical

representing the whole Christian world

129.

edacious

voracious; devouring

130.

effluvia

outflow in a stream of particles; a noxious odor or vapor

131.

egocentric

selfish

   

S: Self centred

   

A: Altruistic

132.

elysian

Blissful, Heavenly

133.

emeritus

having retired but keeping title as an honour

134.

emetic

causing Vomiting

135.

empyrean

the highest heaven

136.

encomium

high praise

   

S: Praise, Laudatory, Glorification

   

A: Denunciation, Blame, Censure

137.

entente

an understanding or agreement as between nations

   

S: Cordiality, Amiability

   

A: Enmity, Hatred

138.

entree

right to enter

139.

ephemeral

short-lived

   

S: Fleeting, Momentary

   

A: Lasting

140.

epithet

adjective

141.

ersatz

substitute or synthetic and inferior

142.

escutcheon

a shield on which a coat of arms is displayed; reputation

143.

ethereal

spiritual

144.

etymology

study of the origin and development of words

145.

eugenics

the movement devoted to improving the human species by controlling heredity

146.

evanescent

tending to fade from sight

   

S: Transient, Fleeting, Ephemeral

   

A: Immortal, Eternal

147.

eviscerate

to remove the internal organs of a body

148.

excoriate

to take out harshly

   

S: Flay, Abrade, Chafe

   

A: Laud, Eulogise

149.

excoriation

severe criticism

150.

exculpate

to clear from a charge of guilt

151.

excursive

digressive

   

S: Rambling, Diverse

   

A: Similar, Uniform

152.

execrate

to denounce; to detest utterly

153.

exordium

introductory part

   

S: Beginning, Preface, Prologue

   

A: Epilogue

154.

exscind

to cut out; cut away

F

155.

felicitous

apt; suitably expressed; well chosen

156.

filibuster

time consuming legislative tactics, long speeches

157.

fracas

noisy quarrel

158.

fractious

quarrelsome; irritable

159.

froward

intractable; not willing to yield or comply; stubborn

160.

frowzy

Dirty and Untidy

   

S: Ill-smelling, Musty, Dingy

   

A: Natty, Sweet-smelling, pleasant

161.

fulmination

bitter protest

162.

furbish

To renovate

G

163.

gamin

a homeless child who roams the streets

164.

gangling

tall and awkward

165.

garble

make unfair selection from facts

166.

gargantuan

Colossal, huge, very big, enormous, prodigious

167.

gasconade

boastful behaviour

   

A: Reticence, Taciturnity

168.

gastalt

Pattern, form, shape

169.

gauche

lacking social grace

   

S: Inept, Awkward, Clumsy

   

A: Adroit, Skillful, Dexterous

170.

gaucherie

socially awkward, tactless behavior

171.

gauntlet

a knight’s arm glove (A challenge)

172.

gelid

extremely cold

173.

gendarme

A policeman

   

S: police, authorities, bobbies, cops, troopers

174.

geodesy

Earth measurement on a large scale

175.

germane

relevant, pertinent to

176.

gerrymander

To rearrange voting districts to suit the interests of a party; to manipulate facts

177.

gewgaw

a toy, a bauble, knickknack

178.

ghetto

Residential area inhabited by a poor, racial group

179.

gormandize

To eat like a glutton

   

S: Devour

   

A: Starve

180.

gossamer

soft light; delicate material

181.

gourmand

One who likes good food and drink, often to excess

182.

grandiloquent

using pompous words

183.

gratis

Free of charge

184.

gratuitous

given free of charge, of no use and given in excess, not necessary

185.

grotesque

distorted in appearance, shape etc.

   

S: Bizarre

   

A: Normal, Usual, Customary

186.

gubernatorial

pertaining to the governor

187.

gung-ho

enthusiastic, eager, zealous

H

188.

habiliment

clothing, attire

   

S: Garb, Dress, Apparel

189.

halcyon

calm and peaceful

190.

hallucination

the apparent perception of sights, sounds etc. that are not actually, present

   

S: Delusion, Illusion, Mirage

191.

harlequin

A clown

192.

harridan

A disreputable able shrewish old woman

193.

hauteur

disdainful pride

   

S: Snobbishness, Haughtiness

   

A: Meekness, Modesty

194.

hebdomadal

weekly

195.

hector

to bully

196.

hieroglyphic

a picture or symbol representing a word sound, etc.

197.

highfalutin

Pompous

198.

hoi polloi

the common people

   

S: Masses, Crowd, Riffraff

   

A: Elite, Society

199.

holocaust

great destruction of life, especially by fire

   

S: Conflagration, Devastation, Ruin

200.

homiletics

act of preaching

201.

hors doeuvre

an appetizer, as Olives, canapes etc. served before a meal

202.

hors-de-combat

unable to take part in activity sport due to injury

203.

hortatory

Exhorting, Advising

   

S: Inciting, Urging

204.

hubris

arrogant pride

I

205.

ignominious

shameful; dishonorable; undignified; disgraceful

206.

immure

To shut oneself in a place alone

   

S: Imprison

   

A: Wander, Loiter

207.

impecunious

having little or no money

208.

importune

beg urgently; solicit (of a prostitute)

209.

imprecation

an invocation of evil; a curse

210.

inadvertent

not paying proper attention

211.

incertitude

Doubt

   

S: Uncertainty

   

A: Certainty

212.

inchoate

Just begun, Rudimentary

   

S: Elementary, Incipient, Undeveloped

   

A: Mature

213.

incinerate

to burn to ashes

214.

inclement

Stormy, Unfavourable

   

A: Mild. Fair

215.

indefatigability

not easily exhaustible; tirelessness

216.

indelible

that cannot be erased, blotted out, etc.

   

A: Erasable

217.

indelible

that cannot be rubbed out

218.

indemnify

To insure against damage etc.

   

S: Recompense, Repay, Compensate

219.

indigence

poverty

220.

ineluctable

certain; inevitable

221.

ingrate

an ungrateful person

222.

innuendo

a hint or indirect reference, usually derogatory

   

S: Insinuation, Intimation, Allusion

223.

insidious

characterized by treachery or slyness

   

S: Crafty, Treacherous, Tricky

   

A: Open, Fair, Candid

224.

insinuate

suggest unpleasantly; make a way for something gently

225.

insuperable

incapable of being surmounted or solved

226.

inter

to entomb or bury

227.

interdict

prohibit; forbid

228.

interloper

to encroach; to intrude

229.

interregnum

lapse in a continuous series

230.

invective

abusive language; curses

231.

inveterate

deep-rooted; long-established

232.

invidious

of an unpleasant or objectionable nature

J

233.

jackanapes

impertinent fellow, mischievous child

234.

jamboree

A boisterous frolic, a spree

235.

janus faced

Deceitful

236.

jape

Joke played on somebody

237.

jejune

lacking nutritive value; dull; juvenile

238.

jeremiad

A tale of woe: in allusions to the lamentations of Jeremiad

   

S: Grief

   

A: Happiness

239.

jingoist

a person boasting and demanding an aggressive foreign policy

240.

joie de vivre

the joy of living

241.

juggernaut

a massive object, a belief

242.

jung

Swiss psychologist Kari Gustav Jung

243.

juxtaposition

placing close together

K

244.

kangaroo court

An improperly constituted court with no legal standing

245.

ken

(i) (Out of or beyond) Range of sight or knowledge

   

(ii) Recognise at sight, Know -

   

S: Knowledge, Range, Purview

246.

kerfuffle

fuss; noise; excitement

247.

ketch

small sailing-boat with two masts

248.

keystone

Essential Part

249.

khmer

a member of a people inhabiting Cambodia

250.

kitsch

Pretentious (especially in art, design etc.)

251.

knoll

A small hillock, top of a hill

252.

kow-tow

To act in an obsequious way, bow, kneel, genuflect

L

253.

lacerate

to tear roughly

   

S: Mangle

   

A: Restore, Placate, Sympathize

254.

lachrymose

causing tears; tearful

255.

lackadaisical

showing lack of interest or spirit

   

S: Languishing, Indolent, Apathetic

   

A: Energetic, Lively

256.

laconic

terse in expression, using few words, concise

   

S: Brief, Pithy

   

A: Profuse, Wordy, Discursive

257.

lagniappe

a present given to a customer with a purchase

   

S: Gratuity, Bonus, Tip

258.

laissez-faire

Policy of non interference, absence of government control over industry and business

259.

lambent

playing lightly over a surface; often said of aflame

   

S: Radiant, Brilliant

   

A: Dull, lackluster

260.

larceny

the unlawful taking of another’s property

   

S: Theft, Robbery, Plunder

   

A: Restoration, Compensation, Atonement

261.

largess

generous giving

262.

lenitive

lessening pain or distress, Merciful

263.

leviathan

a sea monster; Any huge thing

264.

lexicon

Dictionary (Esp. of Greek, Latin or Hebrew)

265.

libel

statement that damages reputation

266.

libidinous

lascivious, lustful

   

S: Lewd

   

A: Pure, Chaste

267.

licentious

lacking legal or moral restraints

268.

limn

paint; portray

269.

lucubrate

write in scholarly fashion

270.

luculent

easily understood; lucid; clear

271.

lugubrious

mournful; excessively sad

272.

lummox

a clumsy, stupid person

M

273.

major-domo

a man in charge of a great household

274.

macerate

make or become soft by soaking in water

275.

machiavellian

crafty, deceitful

   

S: intriguing, Cunning, Unscrupulous

   

A: Honest, Straightforward, Open

276.

macrocosm

the universe

277.

maelstrom

powerful, violent whirlpool

278.

malapropism

misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)

279.

manacle

chains for the hands or feet

280.

mandarin

An influential person

281.

misanthrope

person who hates mankind

282.

mulish

unreasonably and inflexibly obstinate

N

283.

nabob

a wealthy and powerful person

284.

nacrolepsy

short attacks of drowsiness

285.

namby-pamby

sentimentally childish in behaviour

286.

napalm

Highly inflammable material

287.

neurasthenia

debility or weakness of the nerves

288.

nihilism

The general rejection of customary beliefs in morality religion, etc.

289.

nom de plume

A writer’s assumed name, pseudonym

290.

non sequitur

An irrelevant conclusion

291.

nostrum

a quack, remedy; an untested cure

292.

nota bene

Take notice

293.

numismatics

The study or collection of coins, medals, paper money, etc.

O

294.

obfuscate

to darken; make obscure; muddle

295.

obsequious

too eager to obey or serve

296.

obstreperous

noisy; loud

297.

occident

West-Europe and countries of the American Continents

   

S: West

   

A: Orient, East

298.

oenophile

connoisseur of wines

299.

opprobrious

showing scorn or reproach

300.

orotund

sonorous; bombastic

301.

osculate

to kiss

302.

ostentation

display to obtain admiration or envy

Q

303.

paean

song of praise or triumph

304.

panoply

Something forming a protective covering; impressive array

305.

paroxysm

sudden outburst

306.

peccadillo

small sin; small weakness in one’s character

307.

pedagogue

a teacher

308.

pedant

a person concerned with minor detail

309.

pejorative

expressing contempt

310.

penitentiary

a prison

311.

peregrination

traveling about; wandering

312.

peremptory

urgent; imperative

313.

perfidious

treacherous; faithless

314.

perfunctory

done as a duty, without care

315.

persona

a person who is not acceptable

 

non grata

 

316.

pertinacious

stubbornly unyielding or tenacious

317.

petulant

unreasonably impatient

318.

philistine

a smug, ignorant person; one who lacks knowledge

319.

phlegmatic

calm sluggish temperament; unemotional

320.

picaresque

involving clever rogues or adventurers

321.

piccaninny

a small black child

322.

pince-nez

a pair of glasses with nose clips

323.

pique

hurt the pride or self-respect; stir (curiosity)

324.

pluperfect

referring to an action that was completed in the past

325.

poisoned chalice

something which seems attractive but may be harmful to the person receiving it

326.

polemic

aggressive attack on opinions of another; disputant

327.

prevaricate

to equivocate; to stray from the truth

328.

prima donna

the chief female singer in an opera

329.

pro tem

for the time being

330.

proclivity

inclination

331.

profundity

depth

332.

proliferate

grow, reproduce by rapid multiplication

333.

propinquity

nearness in time or place; affinity of nature

334.

propitiatory

conciliatory; appeasing; mitigating

335.

propitious

auspicious; presenting favorable circumstances

336.

protean

displaying great diversity or variety; versatile

337.

pulchritude

physical beauty

338.

punctilious

precise; paying attention to 
trivialities

339.

pusillanimous

cowardly; craven

340.

putative

commonly accepted or supposed

341.

putrefaction

becoming rotten

Q

342.

quadraphonic

sound which is reproduced through four loudspeakers

343.

quadrennial

happening every four years

344.

quagmire

Swamp, area of dangerous marsh

345.

quandary

Dilemma, enigma, puzzle, predicament

346.

quarantine

period of time when patients are kept secluded to prevent spread of infection

   

S: exile, isolation

347.

quatrain

Stanza of poetry with four lines

348.

quibble

try to avoid by sophistication

349.

quid pro quo

Thing given in return for something else

350.

quiescence

state of being passive, motionless

351.

quiescent

at rest; dormant; torpid

352.

quietude

a state of being quiet

   

S: Repose, tranquility

353.

quietus

Finishing strike, Any thing that ends an activity

354.

quinquennial

happening every five years

355.

quinsy

inflammation of the throat due to abscess on the tonsils

356.

quintessence

the pure essence or perfect

357.

quisling

person who betrays his country

358.

quivive

Watching for something to happen, alert, watchful

359.

quod

prison

360.

quoit

ring made of metal, rubber that is thrown on an upright peg as a game

361.

quotidian

banal; everyday

R

362.

raconteur

a person skilled at telling stories or anecdotes

363.

ragamuffin

a dirty, ragged person especially a child

364.

rambunctious

disorderly, boisterous, unruly

365.

ramification

A result, Consequence

   

A: branch

   

S: Subdivisions

366.

rankle

To fester, To cause irritation

367.

recalcitrant

disobedient

368.

recension

a revision of the text based on a study of sources

369.

rechercht

too unusual or obscure to be easily understood

370.

recidivism

relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior

371.

reconnoiter

to survey a region especially for obtaining military information of the enemy

   

S: Survey

372.

recreancy

cowardice; cowardly giving up

373.

recreant

coward; apostate or deserter

374.

recrimination

to answer an accuser by accusing him in return, counter 
charge

375.

recrudescence

the appearance of something unpleasant

376.

rectitude

the quality of being straight; righteousness

377.

redact

to edit

378.

redound

to contribute to somebody’s 
reputation

   

S: Promote

379.

refection

A light meal

380.

refectory

dining hall as in a monastery

381.

refulgent

shining; brilliant

382.

regicide

crime of killing a king

383.

regnant

Ruling, Predominant, Prevalent

   

S: Reigning

384.

renascent

rising again into being or vigor

385.

renegade

deserter; unconventional or unlawful person

386.

renege

to deny; to renounce; to go back on a promise

387.

requiem

mass for the dead; solemn chant for the dead

388.

requite

repay; give in return

389.

rescind

repeal; annul; cancel

390.

retrograde

tending toward a worse or previous state

S

391.

sable

(i) Small animal valued for its black fur (ii) Dark, African antelope (iii) Black, Gloomy

392.

sacerdotal

(i) Of priests or office of priest,

   

S: Priestly (ii) System of government in which priests dominate

393.

salacious

obscene

394.

sanctimony

self-righteousness; hypocritical

395.

sanguinary

bloody

396.

sartorial

concerned with clothes and tailoring

397.

saturnine

gloomy; dark; morose

398.

savant

person of great learning

399.

scabbard

sheath for the blade

400.

scepter

a staff held by a ruler as a symbol of sovereignty

401.

schism

A split (esp. in a church) because of difference of opinion, doctrine, etc.

402.

scintilla

a speck, a tiny amount

403.

sclerosis

an abnormal hardening of soft body tissues

404.

scrimmage

a confused struggle

   

S: Tussle

405.

scurrilous

given to coarse language

406.

sententious

short and pithy; full of maxims, proverbs

407.

sentient

of or capable of feeling, conscious

408.

serendipity

phenomenon of finding valuable things not sought for

409.

serried

placed close together

410.

sesquicentennial

a period of 150 years

411.

shilly-shally

to be irresolute, vacillate especially over trifles

   

S: Vacillation, Irresolution, Indecision

   

A: Determination. Obstinacy

412.

sibylline

a prophetess of ancient Greece or Rome

413.

sinecure

any position that brings profit without involving much work

414.

slattern

a slovenly or sluttish women

415.

smithereens

fragments

   

S: Pieces

   

A: Whole

416.

sodality

a society of Roman Catholic church numbers for religious or charitable purposes

417.

solecism

a violation in the conventional usage, grammar, etc. of a language

418.

somnolent

likely to induce sleep; inclined to sleep

419.

sophistry

fallacious reasoning; faulty logic

420.

sophomoric

self-assured though immature

421.

specious

illogical or questionable truth 
or merit

422.

splenetic

bad-tempered; irritable

423.

splice

join (two ends)

424.

spoonerism

the accidental interchange of the initial sound of words

425.

staccato

Music with distinct breaks between successive tones

426.

stanch

to stop the flow of a fluid

427.

stertorous

characterised by raspy,

   

laboured breathing

428.

stevedore

A person employed for loading and unloading ships

429.

stipple

paint with dots

430.

strident

characterised by harsh and discordant sound

431.

stultify

to cause to appear or be foolish

432.

stygian

dark, gloomy

433.

stymie

to hinder, obstruct or block

434.

subliminal

below the threshold of conscious awareness

435.

subrosa

secretly, privately

436.

substantiation

giving facts to support (statement)

437.

subsume

include under a rule

438.

subterfuge

deception

439.

supererogation

doing more than is needed

440.

surrealism

modern movement in arts trying to depict the workings of the subconscious mind

441.

surreptitious

done, got, acting, etc. in a stealthy way

   

S: Clandestine

   

A: Open, Frank

442.

suture

the stitching together of the two edges of a wound

   

S: Stitch

443.

suzerain

A state in relation to another over which it has some political control

444.

sybarite

voluptuary

445.

sycophant

person who flatters the rich and powerful

446.

syncopated

abbreviated; stressing the weak beat

T

447.

tatterdemalion

a person in ragged clothing

448.

tautology

needless repetition of an idea, using a redundant word, phrase, etc.

   

S: Redundancy

449.

tenterhooks

anxious suspense

450.

tenuous

insubstantial, flimsy, weak

451.

termagant

shrew

452.

testiness

witness; evidence

453.

theocracy

a government by priests claiming to rule with divine authority

454.

threadbare

exhausted of interest or freshness; trite

455.

threnody

a song of lamentation, Dirge

456.

tintinnabulation

the ringing sound of bells

   

S: Tinkling

457.

tracery

ornamental work of interlacing or branching lines

458.

traduce

to malign; to violate

459.

trammel

something that confines or restrains

   

S: Hinder, Hamper

   

A: Encourage, Help

460.

transcendental

(i) Supernatural, Not based on human experience or reason

   

A: Natural (ii) Vague, Not clear to ordinary minds

461.

transgress

break; go beyond (a limit)

462.

tremulous

characterised by trembling; affected with timidity

463.

trenchant

forceful; effective; vigorous

464.

trepidation

alarm; excited state of mind

465.

tribulation

Great misery or distress

   

S: Trouble, Grief, Trail

466.

troglodyte

any of the prehistoric people who lived in caves

467.

trojan

a strong, hard-working, determined person

   

S: Brave

   

A: Coward

468.

trollop

A prostitute

469.

truckle

to act in a subservient manner

470.

truculence

aggressiveness; ferocity

471.

trumpery

Something which is showy but worthless

472.

turpitude

wickedness; shamefulness

473.

twaddle

foolish empty talk or writing, nonsense

474.

tyrannicide

slaying of a tyrant

U

475.

ukase

an official decree, Arbitrary order

476.

unbosom

to tell or reveal (feelings or secrets)

477.

unconscionable

not guided or restrained by conscience; excessive

   

S: Inordinate, Unreasonable

   

A: Conscientious

478.

unction

flattery, Pretended and insincere smoothness in speech, Insincerity

   

S: Flattery

479.

unctuous

Characterised by smooth pretence of fervour or earnestness, Too suave or oily

   

S: Flattering

   

A: Blunt, Straightforward, Frank

480.

unflappable

imperturbable, never upset in a crisis

   

S: Calm, Composed

   

A: Agitated, Excited

481.

unguent

A salve or ointment

   

S: Ointment, Lubricant

V

482.

vagabond

who has no home and wanders about

483.

valedictory

of an act of bidding farewell

484.

valetudinarian

person who likes to feel he is an invalid

485.

ventriloquist

person who can make his voice appear to come from a different source

486.

verisimilitude

appearing true or real

487.

vicissitude

variation in luck

488.

vignette

Small sketch, headline, article, story

489.

vituperate

curse; abuse in words

W

490.

wangle

to get or cause by persuasion, manipulation

491.

warren

any crowded building or buildings

492.

wassail

festive occasion of drinking and merry making

493.

welter

a confused mixture of things or people

494.

wharf

a structure on a shore, at which ships are moored for loading or unloading

495.

wheedle

to influence or entice by soft words or flattery

X

496.

xanthippe

shrewish woman

Y

497.

zymurgy

the chemistry of fermentation as applied in brewing.