﻿ ﻿Limits and Rates of Change - The Questions - 1,001 Calculus Practice Problems

## The Questions

### Limits and Rates of Change

Limits are the foundation of calculus. Being able to work with limits and to understand them conceptually is crucial, because key ideas and definitions in calculus make use of limits. This chapter examines a variety of limit problems and makes the intuitive idea of continuity formal by using limits. Many later problems also involve the use of limits, so although limits may go away for a while during your calculus studies, they'll return!

The Problems You'll Work On

In this chapter, you encounter a variety of problems involving limits:

· Using graphs to find limits

· Finding left-hand and right-hand limits

· Determining infinite limits and limits at infinity

· Practicing many algebraic techniques to evaluate limits of the form 0/0

· Determining where a function is continuous

What to Watch Out For

You can use a variety of techniques to evaluate limits, and you want to be familiar with them all! Remember the following tips:

· When substituting in the limiting value, a value of zero in the denominator of a fraction doesn't automatically mean that the limit does not exist! For example, if the function has a removable discontinuity, the limit still exists!

· Be careful with signs, as you may have to include a negative when evaluating limits at infinity involving radicals (especially when the variable approaches negative infinity). It's easy to make a limit positive when it should have been negative!

· Know and understand the definition of continuity, which says the following: A function f(x) is continuous at a if .

Finding Limits from Graphs

167–172 Use the graph to find the indicated limit.

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Evaluating Limits

173–192 Evaluate the given limit.

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Applying the Squeeze Theorem

193–198 Use the squeeze theorem to evaluate the given limit.

193. If 5 ≤ f (x) ≤ x2 + 3x – 5 for all x, find .

194. If x2 + 4 ≤ f (x) ≤ 4 + sin x for –2 ≤ x ≤ 5, find

195. If 2xf (x) ≤ x3 + 1 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2, evaluate

196. Find the limit:

197. Find the limit:

198. Find the limit:

Evaluating Trigonometric Limits

199–206 Evaluate the given trigonometric limit. Recall that and that .

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Infinite Limits

207–211 Find the indicated limit using the given graph.

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212−231 Find the indicated limit.

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Limits from Graphs

232–235 Find the indicated limit using the given graph.

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Limits at Infinity

236–247 Find the indicated limit.

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Horizontal Asymptotes

248–251 Find any horizontal asymptotes of the given function.

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Classifying Discontinuities

252–255 Use the graph to find all discontinuities and classify each one as a jump discontinuity, a removable discontinuity, or an infinite discontinuity.

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Continuity and Discontinuities

256–261 Determine whether the function is continuous at the given value of a. If it's continuous, state the value at f (a). If it isn't continuous, classify the discontinuity as a jump, removable, or infinite discontinuity.

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where a = 2

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where a = 1

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where a = 3

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where a = 16

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where a = –6

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where a = –1

262–265 Determine whether the function is continuous at the given values of a. If it isn’t continuous, classify each discontinuity as a jump, removable, or infinite discontinuity.

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where a = 0 and a = π

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where a = 1 and a = 3

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where a = 2 and a = 3

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where a = 0 and a = 4

Making a Function Continuous

266–267 Determine the value of c that makes the given function continuous everywhere.

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The Intermediate Value Theorem

268–271 Determine which of the given intervals is guaranteed to contain a root of the function by the intermediate value theorem.

268. By checking only the endpoints of each interval, determine which interval contains a root of the function by the intermediate value theorem:

(A) [–5, –4]

(B) [–4, –3]

(C) [0, 1]

(D) [1, 2]

(E) [5, 12]

269. By checking only the endpoints of each interval, determine which interval contains a root of the function by the intermediate value theorem:

(A) [0, 1]

(B) [1, 4]

(C) [4, 9]

(D) [9, 16]

(E) [16, 25]

270. By checking only the endpoints of each interval, determine which interval contains a solution to the equation 2(3x) + x2 – 4 = 32 according to the intermediate value theorem:

(A) [0, 1]

(B) [1, 2]

(C) [2, 3]

(D) [3, 4]

(E) [4, 5]

271. By checking only the endpoints of each interval, determine which interval contains a solution to the equation according to the intermediate value theorem:

(A) [0, 1]

(B) [1, 2]

(C) [2, 3]

(D) [3, 4]

(E) [4, 5]

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