Most beautiful small birds - Sykalo Eugen 2024

Green Jay (Cyanocorax yncas)

Across emerald jungles, a feathered jewel flashes — the Green Jay (Cyanocorax yncas), his crown crowned with turquoise, his back robed in emerald, his voice a vibrant chorus echoing through ancient trees. Let's peek into his secrets:


  • Species name: Green Jay
  • Scientific name: Cyanocorax yncas
  • Family: Corvidae (Crows and Jays)
  • Order: Passeriformes (Songbirds)
  • Subclass: Neornithes (Modern birds)
  • Class: Aves (Birds)


  • Size: A bold and charismatic character, about 25-29 cm (9.8-11.4 in) long with a wingspan of 46-51 cm (18-20 in).
  • Body shape: Sturdy and compact, with a thick, straight bill perfect for prying and crunching, a long, rounded tail for steering through dense foliage, and strong legs for hopping and foraging.
  • Plumage color:

Head: A striking turquoise crown, set off by a black mask around the eyes that extends to the base of the beak.

Body: Rich emerald green on the back and wings, fading to a lighter turquoise on the underparts.

Black wings and tail with prominent blue edges.

Large, dark brown eyes scan the rainforest for tasty treats.


  • Method of feeding: Omnivorous, feasting on a variety of fruits, insects, small vertebrates, and even seeds. They use their strong beak to pry open bark, crush nuts, and even steal food from other birds.
  • Reproduction: Builds cup-shaped nests high in trees or vines. Lays 2-5 pale blue eggs with dark speckles. Both parents care for the young.
  • Movement: Resident throughout most of its range, with some local movements in response to food availability.
  • Communication: Loud and boisterous, with a variety of calls and whistles used for alarm, foraging, and mating. They are known for their impressive mimicry, imitating the sounds of other birds and even mammals.


  • Habitat: Humid tropical forests, forest edges, clearings, and even gardens. Prefers areas with diverse vegetation and plenty of food sources.
  • Diet: Fruits, insects, small lizards, frogs, seeds, nuts, and even stolen morsels from other birds. Plays an important role in seed dispersal and population control of small insects.
  • Hunting methods: Forages actively through the rainforest canopy, hopping and climbing branches with agility. Uses its strong beak to pry open bark, tear into fruit, and even crack nuts. May snatch insects mid-air or glean them from leaves.

Distribution: Found throughout Central and South America, from Mexico to Argentina. One of the most common and adaptable birds in the neotropics.

Nestled amidst the lush greenery of tropical America, the Green Jay steals the show with its vibrant emerald plumage, inquisitive gaze, and raucous calls. But beneath this dazzling exterior lies a scientific gem packed with fascinating facts and hidden quirks. Get ready to be charmed by this emerald avian wonder:

A Master of Mimicry: Forget parrots; the Green Jay is a champion vocal mimic. They can flawlessly imitate the calls of other birds, frogs, and even mammals, creating a sonic jungle mashup that's both impressive and sometimes hilarious. Imagine a bird singing a feathered opera with guest appearances from frogs and monkeys!

Family Ties (with Benefits): Green Jays take family to a whole new level. They live in cooperative breeding groups, where older offspring and even grandparents pitch in to help raise the chicks. This multi-generational childcare provides extra protection and ensures the younger ones learn the tricks of the trade from seasoned veterans. Talk about a feathered village raising a child!

Acorn Architects: Unlike their blue cousins, Green Jays don't rely on stashed acorns for winter. Instead, they're master builders, constructing intricate communal nests made from woven leaves, twigs, and even moss. These multi-chambered wonders offer spacious living quarters for the entire extended family!

Tool-Wielding Wonders: Recent research suggests Green Jays might be smarter than we thought. They have been observed using sticks and twigs as tools to pry open hard-shelled fruits and insects, showcasing their resourcefulness and problem-solving skills. Think of them as feathered MacGyvers with built-in pocket toolkits!

Feathered Farmers: Green Jays don't just forage; they actively cultivate food sources. They plant seeds of their favorite fruits and even prune existing trees to promote growth, ensuring a steady supply of delicious snacks for the whole family. Imagine them as feathered gardeners with built-in green thumbs!

Symbiotic Symphony: Green Jays play a crucial role in the rainforest ecosystem. By dispersing seeds through their droppings, they help regenerate the very forests they call home. This beautiful dance of life showcases how feathered emeralds contribute to the vibrant tapestry of the jungle.

Social Butterflies (with Spikes): Despite their cooperative living, Green Jays have a territorial side. They engage in elaborate displays, flashing their wings and raising their spiky crests to warn off intruders. It's like a feathered dance-off with built-in natural armor!

Unexpected Winter Warriors: Contrary to most tropical birds, some Green Jay populations remain in their mountainous habitats year-round. They rely on a diverse diet of fruits, insects, and even small mammals, proving their resilience and adaptability to harsher conditions. These are the feathered Vikings of the emerald world!