5 Steps to a 5: Writing the AP English Essay (2016)
Appendix IV. Answers for Practice Activities
The answers (in order) are: Description, exposition/description, argument, narration, argument, description, narration, argument, exposition, description
Self-Test (following Warm-up 17)
1. metonymy, metaphor, personification
4. allusion (the film, Gone with the Wind)
5. parallelism, antithesis
6. onomatopoeia, apostrophe
7. metaphor, personification, hyperbole
8. onomatopoeia, apostrophe, metaphor, personification
10. onomatopoeia, alliteration
11. metaphor, personification, synecdoche
12. rhetorical question, litotes
14. epithet, simile
15. metaphor, epithet
17. metaphor, alliteration
Compound sentence: After a long flight, the pilot landed the plane at O’Hare airport, and the passengers were quite happy for the safe and smooth landing.
Complex sentence: After a long trip, the passengers were quite happy that the pilot landed the plane safely and smoothly at O’Hare Airport.
Compound–complex sentence: The pilot landed the plane at O’Hare airport, and after a long trip, the passengers were quite happy that the landing was a safe and smooth one.
Periodic sentence: After a long trip, and after a safe and smooth landing by the pilot at O’Hare Airport, the passengers were quite happy.
There are five sentences.
Sentences 1 and 4 begin with prepositional phrases.
Sentence 3 begins with a participial phrase.
Sentences 2 and 5 begin with the subject.
The two compound sentences are 2 and 5.
Sentences 1 and 4 are simple.
Sentence 3 is the only complex sentence.
The excerpt’s subject is the Kaatskill Mountains.
The purpose is to describe.
The sentences do contain many descriptive phrases set off by commas.
The mountains and the Hudson River are the two items given the most coverage.
Personification is found in sentence 5.
The diction can be described as poetic, complex, graceful, and artful.
The overall effect of the passage is lyrical.
Tone is informal.
Words that characterize the tone of the review: critical and sarcastic.
Words/phrases that help develop the tone: perfunctory, harrowing and confusing, toyed with, not acted, problem, lurid teasers, light on character development, frightens away.
Total Workout (at the end of Chapter 5)
1. A man tells the reader his plans for killing an old man.
2. To entertain
4. Dash and exclamation point
5. Make parentheticals stand out and for explanatory information
6. Strong emotions
7. “Gentle” and followed by an indication of strong or sudden emotion do not go together; they in opposition
8. To go from cautiously moving to a hearing situation is unexpected and not grammatically connected to the rest of the sentence.
9. Sight and sound
10. Metaphor, rhetorical question, analogy, parallelism, onomatopoeia, litote, personification
14. Does not
15. Mad, you, madman, cautiously, very, eye, old man
16. Ironic, complex, conversational
17. Chilling, suspenseful
18. Hyperbolic, dramatic, compelling, complex
19. The second and third choices would be correct.
Workout 2, Prompt A
1. A passage from the introduction to Martin Luther King’s Why We Can’t Wait.
2. Describes, analyzes
3. Rhetorical purpose of the passage, the stylistic, narrative, and persuasive devices
4. Social conditions and attitudes of black Americans in the 1960s
5. Rhetorical purpose
6. Describes and analyzes
7. Stylistic, narrative and persuasive devices
Workout 2, Prompt B
1. Two poems
3. Similarities, differences