McGraw-Hill Education ACT 2017 (2016)
Part II. ACT DIAGNOSTIC ASSESSMENT
1. ENGLISH TEST
45 Minutes – 75 Questions
DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, some words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the answer column, you will find alternatives for the words and phrases that are underlined. Choose the alternative that you think is best and fill in the corresponding bubble on your answer sheet. If you think that the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE,” which will always be either answer choice A or F. You will also find questions about a particular section of the passage, or about the entire passage. These questions will be identified by either an underlined portion or by a number in a box. Look for the answer that clearly expresses the idea, is consistent with the style and tone of the passage, and makes the correct use of standard written English. Read the passage through once before answering the questions. For some questions, you should read beyond the indicated portion before you answer.
Helen Keller’s Light in the Darkness
Helen Keller was born in 1880. Her life normally. She was like her toddler peers. It was not until a high fever robbed her of sight and hearing just before her second birthday that her life began its remarkable journey. Although the exact cause of Helen’s fever was never determined, modern doctors believed Helen suffered from meningitis. The illness plunged Helen into a dark silence that most people cannot even imagine The Kellers’ beloved first-born child was blind and deaf.
1. A. NO CHANGE
B. had began
2. F. NO CHANGE
G. happy and healthy, learning to walk and talk
H. happy, and healthy, learning to walk, and talk,
J. happy, and healthy learning to walk, and talk
3. A. NO CHANGE
B. to think about
C. about the thinking of
D. DELETE the underlined portion.
Helen wandered around the family’s property, anxious to but unable to understand anything that she experienced. Her resulting tantrums became more violent as she continued to grow. Feeling sorry for their allowed the tantrums to occur with no consequences. In a last-ditch effort to keep the increasingly unmanageable Helen from being the State Insane Asylum, the Kellers contacted the Perkins Institute in Boston, Massachusetts. its staff had once helped a child who was both blind and deaf.
4. Which of the following sentences, if added here, would best introduce the new subject of Paragraph 2?
F. Helen didn’t obey her parents.
G. The next few years were frustrating for Helen and physically and emotionally draining for her family.
H. Annie Sullivan came to teach Helen.
J. Helen loved plants and animals, and many different kinds could be found near her home.
5. A. NO CHANGE
B. discover sensations that felt new
C. feel new sensations about making discoveries
D. make discoveries and sense new feelings
6. F. NO CHANGE
G. impaired daughter, Helen’s parents
H. impaired daughter Helens’ parents
J. impaired daughter Helen’s, parents
7. A. NO CHANGE
B. sent to
C. sent with
D. sent for
8. F. NO CHANGE
G. Primarily a blind school,
H. For the blind, primarily, a school,
J. Just a school for the blind, primarily,
Enter Annie Sullivan, who truly became the “miracle worker” in Helen’s life. be able to overcome her tremendous challenges. Unfortunately, Helen’s parents’ constant coddling of their daughter was undermining Annie’s efforts. exhausting, but Annie knew that, if would be Helen’s salvation. In order to work her “miracle,” Annie needed to get Helen away from her parents’ pampering. Annie permission to take Helen to live in a little house on the opposite side of the Kellers’ garden. Initially, Helen continued to fight but gradually the girl began to behave. Helen’s submission became trust in Annie. Helen began to comprehend that everything she touched had a name. Her constant darkness was suddenly illuminated by this new-found understanding, and her hunger for knowledge became insatiable.
9. A. NO CHANGE
B. Helen, only with her self-discipline, would
C. Only by including self-discipline, would Helen
D. Only Helen, with self-discipline, would
10. F. NO CHANGE
G. One’s stubbornness was
H. Her stubbornness being
J. Helen’s stubbornness was
11. A. NO CHANGE
B. channeled it
C. channeled: it
D. channeled, it
12. F. NO CHANGE
G. been giving
H. was giving
13. A. NO CHANGE
B. Annies’ efforts
C. Annies efforts
D. Annie’s efforts,
14. F. NO CHANGE
J. On the other hand,
For the remainder of her life, Annie Sullivan continued to feed Helen’s appetite for learning, providing a constant light in Helen’s otherwise impenetrable darkness.
Question 15 asks about the preceding passage as a whole.
15. Suppose the writer was asked to write a brief essay about Helen Keller’s professional accomplishments. Would this essay successfully fulfill this goal?
A. Yes, because the essay focuses on the skill of Annie Sullivan in communicating with Helen.
B. Yes, because the essay indicates that Helen eventually stopped having tantrums and could begin learning from Annie Sullivan.
C. No, because this essay addresses Annie Sullivan’s accomplishments concerning Helen.
D. No, because Helen’s disabilities prevented her from having a successful career.
The following paragraphs may or may not be in the most logical order. You may be asked questions about the logical order of the paragraphs, as well as where to place sentences logically within any given paragraph.
Holiday Joy (and Chaos)
Why do the holidays make you feel like a kid again? I’m not talking about the wide-eyed wonder of seeing the tree at Rockefeller Center No, I mean the tantrum-filled, “I want to do it all” attitude of a two-year-old. You begin the season with enthusiasm. You begin thinking about the Christmas season soon after Labor Day, anticipating the many joys sure to unfold.
16. F. NO CHANGE
G. illuminated by the initial time.
H. illuminated for the first time.
J. firstly illuminated.
17. A. NO CHANGE
A critical part of the holiday Not wanting to be rushed with last-minute begin your holiday shopping early. In September, you buy the perfect gift for Aunt Susie. You compliment yourself for thinking ahead. In October, you just the right gift for Uncle John (who collects ghost figurines). holiday shopping is going to be a snap!
18. F. NO CHANGE
G. being shopping for gifts.
H. is shopping for gifts.
J. shopped for gifts.
19. A. NO CHANGE
B. purchases, you
C. purchases you
D. purchases; you
20. F. NO CHANGE
H. will find
J. have found
21. A. NO CHANGE
B. This year, your
C. This year: your
D. This year you’re,
Suddenly, it’s Thanksgiving. The holiday invitations begin to arrive. As you mark the dates on the calendar, you vow that from those in the past. You notice a but you’re not concerned. You are determined to enjoy every holiday occasion.
22. F. NO CHANGE
G. this holiday will be different
H. the differences this holiday would have
J. a different holiday it would be
23. A. NO CHANGE
B. scheduled, overlapping set of events on the schedule,
C. few overlapping events,
D. few overlapping events scheduled to occur at the same time,
You calmly begin writing a list that includes names of family and checkmarks next to those whose gifts you’ve purchased. What’s this? You’ve purchased only two gifts out of fifteen relatives and twelve friends? Suddenly, the holiday season a nightmare. You begin making frantic phone calls to obtain wish lists, but to no avail.
24. F. NO CHANGE
G. friends. Placing
H. friends; placing
J. friends, placing
25. A. NO CHANGE
B. has become
D. will become
Now it’s November, and the radio stations are playing Christmas carols. How silly—we have six weeks until Christmas! There is still plenty of time to find gifts for everyone on your shopping list.
You rush from store to store. Your eyes dart among the displays for the perfect gift. Finally, you give up and purchase 25 generic gift certificates at a department store. They are not the most inspired gifts, but you’re done shopping! You begin baking cookies. Immediately, your son “What did you get Miss Jones?” You burst into tears, realizing you forgot not only his teacher but seven other people who somehow didn’t make your list. Your son cautiously approaches and gives you a gentle hug. You feel a glimmer of joy return. You decide to skip the cookies and get some sleep. As you turn out the lights, you silently vow to start earlier next year!
26. Which of the following sentences offers the best introduction to Paragraph 6?
F. Deciding that you must come up with your own gift ideas, you head to the mall.
G. Christmas should not be stressful.
H. Malls have a diverse selection of stores within steps of each other.
J. Most stores offer gift options for last-minute shoppers.
27. A. NO CHANGE
B. trudging home, exhausted, to
C. exhausted trudge home to
D. trudge home, exhausted, to
28. F. NO CHANGE
G. had asked
Questions 29 and 30 ask about the preceding passage as a whole.
29. What function does Paragraph 6 serve in relation to the rest of the essay?
A. It refers back to the opening sentences of the essay, suggesting that all adults act like toddlers.
B. It indicates that the narrator will likely succeed in next year’s goal of completing her holiday responsibilities early.
C. It summarizes the essay’s main point that Christmas is the most relaxed holiday of the year.
D. It indicates that, despite the narrator’s feelings of being overwhelmed, she may eventually be able to enjoy the holiday.
30. For the sake of unity and coherence of the essay, Paragraph 5 should be placed:
F. where it is now.
G. after Paragraph 1.
H. after Paragraph 2.
J. after Paragraph 3.
Have You No Shame?
Popular opinion teaches us that guilt is a wasted emotion. Ironically, this same teaches us “No pain, no gain.” Although we recognize that physical fitness may involve occasional discomfort, we are unwilling to accept that may as well. Despite what we have learned about pain, studies show that if an exercise hurts, you’re probably doing it wrong. Similarly, if a course of action (or inaction) causes pangs of guilt, Nature provides our bodies with pain receptors to limit injury to ourselves—if you place your hand on a hot stove, pain prompts you to remove your hand. Likewise, guilt helps to
31. Which choice would most precisely sharpen the focus of this paragraph, in keeping with the way the writer develops the argument in the rest of the essay?
A. NO CHANGE
D. DELETE the underlined portion.
32. F. NO CHANGE
G. societal fitness
H. societal’s fitness
J. societies fitness
33. Which choice best supports the argument that guilt serves a purpose?
A. NO CHANGE
B. you should call a psychiatrist.
C. you should ignore it.
D. you should change your course of action.
34. F. NO CHANGE
G. stop us from causing unnecessary and grievous pain to other people.
H. limit emotional injury to others.
J. limit unnecessary and emotionally grievous injury to others.
Imagine driving through your local business district. A car is left into your lane. Although you could safely allow the car to merge, you instead accelerate so as not to delay your trip another second. As you drive by, you recognize your neighbor behind the wheel—the one who watched your dog during your vacation. You feel an uncomfortable twinge of guilt, and you more courteously for the rest of your trip.
35. A. NO CHANGE
B. trying to attempt a turn
C. trying to attempt to turn
D. attempting to turn
36. F. NO CHANGE
G. The faster you are traveling, the longer it will take you to stop.
H. Vehicles today can stop faster than in the past.
J. DELETE the underlined portion.
37. A. NO CHANGE
B. find yourself, driving,
C. find yourself driving
D. find, yourselves, driving
Discounting guilt is akin to turning off conscience. Imagine a society in which no one a manner that benefits another unless failure to cooperate will result in Although you may joke that I’ve just described rush-hour traffic, in fact, described sociopathic behavior.
38. F. NO CHANGE
G. acts in
H. acts as if he is in
J. performs of and for
39. A. NO CHANGE
B. penalties of a legal nature, which may include fines and/or imprisonment.
C. fines, imprisonment, or other legal penalties.
D. penalties of a legal nature.
40. F. NO CHANGE
G. I, myself, just
H. by just having,
J. I have,
By definition, guilt is “a feeling of being blame-worthy.” Shame is a “feeling of strong regret” or “painful emotion caused by consciousness of guilt.” Not surprisingly, an insanity plea is usually sought when a criminal feels no regret for his actions. So how did guilt get its bad reputation? First, we hate pain, and if we can avoid it, we do. In the case of it is difficult to escape the negativity. we decide the guilt itself—not the action that prompted the guilt—is wrong. Second, guilt, if improperly can lead to devastation. Guilt should not be ignored, but it should be examined (What caused me to feel guilty?), analyzed (How can I avoid that mistake in the future?), and then released (I move on with new wisdom). Unfortunately, some people spend so much time on the examination never move on to the analysis and release. They become crippled by the guilt. The purpose of guilt is not to cause people to withdraw from society but to become better members of it.
41. A. NO CHANGE
B. that he is criminally insane
C. that he is not of sound mind
D. DELETE the underlined portion.
42. F. NO CHANGE
G. guilt, so,
H. guilt, then,
J. guilt, thereby,
43. A. NO CHANGE
44. F. NO CHANGE
G. managed, which
J. managed, it
45. A. NO CHANGE
B. that they,
C. that they
D. that; they
A Picture of Health
President John F. Kennedy’s public image and trim, he embodied the tanned, athletic image other men sought. In reality, his “tan” was a symptom of Addison’s disease. forced to watch as healthier children played outside.
46. F. NO CHANGE
G. was enviable health, tall
H. was one of enviable health, tall
J. of enviable health. Tall
47. A. NO CHANGE
B. He had been bedridden for much of his life. He was genuinely athletic. He was
C. Although genuinely athletic, he had been bedridden for much of his childhood,
D. He was a childhood athlete bedridden
Kennedy’s ailments a two-month hospitalization for scarlet fever at age two. At age thirteen, he developed colitis. By 1940, he had osteoporosis and compression fractures in his lower back, and in 1944 he had his first back surgery. In 1947, Kennedy was officially diagnosed with Addison’s disease, He underwent two more unsuccessful back surgeries in 1954 and 1955, and took chronic pain medication from that point until his death in 1963.
48. F. NO CHANGE
G. began by
H. began for
J. began with
49. The writer would like to add more detail to help the reader to understand the symptoms of Addison’s disease. Assuming all are true, which of the following completions of this sentence best achieves this effect?
A. an auto-immune disorder that has numerous symptoms.
B. which is rare.
C. a rare auto-immune disorder characterized by weight loss, muscle weakness, fatigue, low blood pressure, and darkening of the skin.
D. which causes a variety of unpleasant symptoms and can result in death, often at a very early age.
By the time Kennedy became president, he was taking ten to twelve pills every day, including anti-spasmodics, muscle relaxants, various steroids, pain medications, and sleeping pills. In addition,
50. F. NO CHANGE
G. in his back he received anesthetic injections up to six times a day.
H. in his back, up to six times a day, he received anesthetic injections.
J. up to six times a day in his back, he received anesthetic injections.
How did Kennedy hide such significant health problems from the American people His best alibi was his appearance: He looked healthy. His well-being was clear to on television. In addition, he was well-practiced at acting was able to hide his and closest relatives. Finally, he was prepared with answers to any for example, he his back problems to old football and war injuries.
51. A. NO CHANGE
B. without their knowledge or noticing it?
C. without noticing them?
D. DELETE the underlined portion.
52. F. NO CHANGE
G. anyone who saw him—in person, or
H. anyone who saw him; in person or
J. anyone who saw him in person or
53. A. NO CHANGE
B. healthy, and
C. healthy. As he
D. healthy; by showing he
54. F. NO CHANGE
G. crippling pain from his doctors, except
H. pain, which was crippling, from all except his doctors
J. doctors from his crippling pain
55. A. NO CHANGE
B. related questions about his health;
C. health-related questions about his well-being;
D. health-related questions;
56. F. NO CHANGE
H. is attributing
J. was attributed
The answer is a testimony to Kennedy’s incredible strength and perseverance. A detailed time-line comparison of his illnesses and treatments with his official decisions and actions resulted in the following discovery: Neither his illness seemed to have affected his performance as president.
57. Which of the choices provides the most effective introductory sentence for Paragraph 5?
A. NO CHANGE
B. Perhaps a better question would be whether Kennedy played football.
C. Perhaps a better question would be whether such an ill man was competent to be president.
D. Perhaps a better question would be why Kennedy had Addison’s disease.
58. F. NO CHANGE
G. and not the drugs
H. nor the drugs
J. and either the drugs
By today’s standards, Kennedy had medical problems severe enough to qualify him for federal disability or retirement. Nevertheless, he not only survived but
59. A. NO CHANGE
B. at the highest level, performed.
C. highly performed at his level.
D. achieved high performance above his expected level.
Question 60 asks about the preceding passage as a whole.
60. Suppose the writer had been assigned to write a brief essay about Addison’s disease and treatment of the disease. Would this essay successfully fulfill the assignment?
F. Yes, because the essay describes the symptoms of Addison’s disease.
G. Yes, because the essay explains that Addison’s disease is treated with steroids.
H. No, because the essay focuses on President Kennedy’s health.
J. No, because the essay does not describe any symptoms of the disease.
Warmth in the Arctic
“We’re going where?” “To the gateway to the Arctic—the Land of the Midnight Sun! We’re to Tromso, Norway!” As the school year ended, I was looking forward to going home to Southern California, to lifeguard and use my spare time to surf. Now my friend was proposing that we spend the summer 250 miles north of the Arctic Circle. Was he nuts? As I look back, it was the best crazy decision I ever made.
61. A. NO CHANGE
B. going and traveling
D. traveling on a trip
62. F. NO CHANGE
G. where I planned
H. which I planned
J. in which I planned
Although the weather in Tromso wasn’t hot, it wasn’t particularly cold, either. I occasionally needed a sweater, but seldom a coat. And, though I didn’t develop my usual summer tan, the warmth of the people of Tromso more than made up for what the climate did not provide. (1) That summer, my days weren’t spent sitting in a lifeguard chair, a whistle around my finger. (2) (3) Although I feared that the time would drag, the opposite was true. (4) I know I slept less that summer than I ever have; yet, I didn’t feel tired. (5) In fact, my days weren’t spent working—or sitting— (6) Whether that was the result of the midnight sun or the potently rich coffee, I’m not sure.
63. Given that all are true, which of the choices best illustrates the “warmth” described in the previous sentence?
A. NO CHANGE
B. The food in Tromso was delicious.
C. Most of the people wore fur hats.
D. Tromso gets very cold in the winter.
64. The writer wishes to include an example of the Tromso residents’ treatment of foreigners. Which of the following true sentences, inserted here, would best fulfill that goal?
F. When we asked for directions, the residents usually provided them.
G. We had only to glance up from a map to find someone offering (in nearly perfect English) to help us find our way.
H. My mother is Norwegian, and she is very helpful.
J. Tromso has more night-time attractions per capita than any other city in Norway, which makes the people very friendly.
65. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?
66. F. NO CHANGE
G. Residents may boast that they never sleep, but in Tromso, it seems to be true.
H. In other towns, people may boast that it never sleeps, but in Tromso it seems they’re true.
J. Towns other than Tromso may boast, but it isn’t true that they don’t sleep except there.
67. A. NO CHANGE
68. Which of the following sequences of sentences makes the preceding paragraph most logical?
F. NO CHANGE
G. 2, 3, 1, 5, 4, 6
H. 1, 6, 5, 3, 2, 4
J. 1, 6, 2, 4, 3, 5
Much of our free time was spent hiking. Hiking is so popular in Norway that the government has passed regulations such as the Friluftsleven (Outdoor Recreation Act) that allows anyone to hike or ski across wilderness areas, One of our favorite places to hike was on Mount Storsteinen, which is accessible from Tromso by cable car. From the top, we would hike one of the many trails. The views were amazing. I took photos of
69. A. NO CHANGE
B. Good boots are essential to preventing blisters, especially on a long hike.
C. My favorite boots are tough and dependable.
D. DELETE the underlined portion.
70. The writer wishes to add a detail to the end of this sentence that will explain how the Act continues to expand hikers’ rights. Given that all are true, which of the following statements would most directly accomplish this?
F. adding designated areas as demand increases.
G. even if the areas can’t be reached by cable car.
H. despite the difficulties of hiking.
J. including those people who don’t enjoy hiking.
71. Which of the descriptions of the photos best creates a vivid image for the reader?
A. NO CHANGE
B. clear mountain lakes, thick birch forests, deep fjords, and the midnight sun.
C. lakes, forests, fjords, and the sun.
D. people and places I had never photographed before.
Now that I’m I look forward to returning to Tromso soon. However, next time I am determined to see sights in the winter. As much as I enjoyed the midnight whose vista has been described as world class—exactly as I would describe inhabitants.
72. F. NO CHANGE
G. home, therefore,
H. home, for example,
J. home, on the other hand,
73. A. NO CHANGE
74. F. NO CHANGE
G. sun from Tromso and Mount Storsteinen, I am anxious to see the northern lights from there too,
H. sun, the northern lights from Mount Storsteinen I am anxious to see,
J. view of the sun, the northern lights from Mount Storsteinen are something I am anxious to see:
75. A. NO CHANGE
B. the region’s
END OF THE ENGLISH TEST
STOP! IF YOU HAVE TIME LEFT OVER, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS SECTION ONLY.