Cracking the AP Chemistry Exam

Part I Using This Book to Improve Your AP Score

Part II About the AP Chemistry Exam

Part III Test-Taking Strategies for the AP Chemistry Exam

  Chapter 1 How to Approach Multiple-Choice Questions

  Chapter 2 How to Approach Free-Response Questions

Part IV Content Review for the AP Chemistry Exam

  Chapter 3 Big Idea #1: Atoms, Elements, and the Building Blocks of Matter

    THE PERIODIC TABLE

    MOLES

    COULOMB’s LAW

    PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY

    PERIODIC TRENDS

    CHAPTER 3 QUESTIONS

    CHAPTER 3 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

  Chapter 4 Big Idea #2: Bonding and Phases

    BONDS OVERVIEW

    IONIC BONDS

    METALLIC BONDS

    COVALENT BONDS

    INTERMOLECULAR FORCES

    VAPOR PRESSURE

    LEWIS DOT STRUCTURES

    KINETIC MOLECULAR THEORY

    MAXWELL-BOLTZMANN DIAGRAMS

    THE IDEAL GAS EQUATION

    DALTON’S LAW

    DEVIATIONS FROM IDEAL BEHAVIOR

    DENSITY

    SOLUTIONS

    CHAPTER 4 QUESTIONS

    CHAPTER 4 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

  Chapter 5 Big Idea #3: Chemical Reactions, Energy Changes, and Redox Reactions

    TYPES OF REACTIONS

    CHEMICAL EQUATIONS

    Enthalpy Change, ∆H

    ENERGY DIAGRAMS

    CATALYSTS AND ENERGY DIAGRAMS

    OXIDATION STATES

    OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS

    GALVANIC CELLS

    ELECTROLYTIC CELLS

    CHAPTER 5 QUESTIONS

    CHAPTER 5 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

  Chapter 6 Big Idea #4: Chemical Reactions and their Rates

    RATE LAW USING INITIAL CONCENTRATIONS

    RATE LAW USING CONCENTRATION AND TIME

    COLLISION THEORY

    BEER’S LAW

    REACTION MECHANISMS

    CATALYSTS

    CHAPTER 6 QUESTIONS

    CHAPTER 6 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

  Chapter 7 Big Idea #5: Laws of Thermodynamics and Changes in Matter

    ENERGY TRANSFER

    FIRST AND SECOND LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS

    STATE FUNCTIONS

    HEAT OF FORMATION, ∆f

    BOND ENERGY

    HESS’S LAW

    THERMODYNAMICS OF PHASE CHANGE

    CALORIMETRY

    ENTROPY

    GIBBS FREE ENERGY

    FREE ENERGY CHANGE, ∆G

    ∆G, ∆H, AND ∆S

    VOLTAGE AND FAVORABILITY

    CHAPTER 7 QUESTIONS

    CHAPTER 7 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

  Chapter 8 Big Idea #6: Equilibrium, Acids and Bases, Titrations, and Solubility

    THE EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANT, Keq

    LE CHÂTELIER’S PRINCIPLE

    CHANGES IN THE EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANT

    THE REACTION QUOTIENT, Q

    SOLUBILITY

    ACIDS AND BASES DEFINITIONS

    pH

    WEAK ACIDS

    STRONG ACIDS

    BUFFERS

    POLYPROTIC ACIDS AND AMPHOTERIC SUBSTANCES

    TITRATION

    CHAPTER 8 QUESTIONS

    CHAPTER 8 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

  Chapter 9 Laboratory Overview

Part IV Content Review for the AP Chemistry Exam

  Chapter 10 Practice Test 1

  Chapter 11 Practice Test 1 Answers and Explanations

  Chapter 12 Practice Test 2

  Chapter 13 Practice Test 2 Answers and Explanations